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5196 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
encomiastic
praising, eulogist
epaulet
ornament worn on the shoulder
incense
enrage, infuriate
emissary
agent, messenger
glean
gather leavings of crops
cull
to choose, select, pick, to collect or gather
truant
shirking, lazy
moratorium
official halt or cessation of an activity
recreant
cowardly; faint-hearted; craven, fearful
rend
to tear, pull appart, rip up
pique
irritate, annoy
littoral
pertaining to a coastal region
obsequies
rites, funeral rites
imbroglio
a perplexing situation, entanglement, dilemna
incubus
nightmare
fracus
a loud disturbance, melee
functionary
an official; a person holding an office
excude
to ooze out or emit, as through pores, perspire
florid
highly ornate, colorful or flowery
disoblige
to offend, insult, to refuse or act contrary to
escheat
transfer of property ownership to the government by default
Belabor
to repeat, reiterate, go over again and again to the point of being tiresome
Crepuscular
pertaining to twilight
Petulant
unreasonably impatient
Baleful
1. deadly or sinister. 2. threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
imperious
commanding, haughty person
Baneful (don't confuse with baleful)
causing harm or ruin, perniciouis, destructive
contumacious
insubordinate, rebellious
mettlesome
courageous, high spirited. Don't confuse with "meddlesome," meaning inclined to interfere.
cadge
to beg, to get by begging
obstreperous
noisy, loud
contumacious
insubordinate, rebellious
mettlesome
courageous, high spirited. Don't confuse with "meddlesome," meaning inclined to interfere.
cadge
to beg, to get by begging
pith
heart of the matter, basic trait. Also force, strength, or vigor
supine
lying on the back. Also slow to act, passive.
remonstrate
to protest, object
inveigh
to attack verbally, denounce, deprecate
precepts
rules establishing standards of conduct
impute
to attribute to a cause or source, ascribe
feckless
lacking purpose or vitality; ineffective; careless
decorum
propriety, properness.
penchant
strong inclination, a liking.
appropriate (verb)
take for one's own use, acquire, set aside. Don't confuse with "appropriate (adjective)," which means fitting or suitable.
truculence
aggressiveness, ferocity
garrulity
talkativeness. Adjective is garrulous
talkative
arabesque
a complex, ornate design. Also a dance position.
beatify
to bless, make happy, or ascribe a virtue to. Regard as saintly. Don't confuse with "beautify," which means to make beautiful.
forbearance
patience, willingness to wait.
veritable
unquestionable, true.
pragmatic
practical, favoring utility.
arrant
in every way, being completely such.
consequential
pompous, self important. Also having consequence, important. Also following as a result, or being an effect of some cause.
malinger
to fake illness or injury, in order to shirk a duty.
paucity
scarcity, a lacking of
striated
striped, grooved, or banded. Having stripes.
seminal
like a seed; constituting a source, originative.
attenuate
make thin. weaken, enervate.
precarious
uncertain, risky, dangerous.
enervate
weaken, deprive of strength, attenuate.
partisan
one
equivocate
lie, mislead, conceal the truth.
assiduous
diligent, hard
anachronism
something out of place for its time
lassitude
weariness, tiredness
phlegmatic
calm, sluggish temperament; unemotional
sycophant
flatterer, parasite; a up suck
perfunctory
superficial, listless, not thorough
impair
worsen, diminish in value
transient
temporary, fleeting
qualify
to limit
nascent
coming into existence, emerging
Quixotic
extravagantly chivalrous, romantically idealistic, impractical
reprobate
person hardened in sin; one devoid of decency
libertine
immoral person
tractable
easily influenced, obedient, docile
craven
cowardly
picaresque
involving clever rogues or adventurers. Don't confuse with "picturesque," which means picture like, charming, or quaint.
sedulous
diligent, assiduous, devoted to a task
aver
affirm, assert, prove, justify
intrepid
fearless, brave, undaunted
impassive
without feeling, not affected by pain
salient
conspicuous, highly relevant, prominent
morose
gloomy, sullen
raffish
low, vulgar, base, tawdry
loquacious
talkative, garrulous
piquant
agreeably pungent, stimulating
demur
to hesitate, raise objections
equipoise
equal distribution of weight; equilibrium
abysmal
extreme; low, like an abyss
tawdry
cheap, gaudy, showy, tacky
dross
waste product, sludge; something worthless, common, or trivial
ardor
warm interest, passion, enthusiasm, zeal
insouciant
unconcerned, carefree
volubility
fluency, verbosity, easy use of spoken language
dulcet
melodious, harmonious
mellifluous
sweetly flowing; usually used to describe use of words (sweetly flowing words, as when the speech is characterized by high volubility.
desiccate
to dry up, dehydrate
harrow
to distress, create stress or torment
pellucid
transparent, easy to understand
pariah
an outcast, a rejected and despised person
taciturn
untalkative, silent
pique
resentment at being slighted
turgid
excessively ornate; swollen or bloated
]pillory
to punish, hold up to public scorn
adamant
hard and inflexible; unyielding
multifarious
varied, motley, greatly diversified
torpor
lethargy, sluggishness, dormancy
imprecation
an invocation of evil; a curse
audacious
daring; bold
hirsute
hairy, shaggy
tenacity
firmness, persistency, adhesiveness, tending to hang on
apostate
one who abandons long held religious or political convictions
lachrymose
causing tears, tearful
welter
turmoil; a bewildering jumble
discomfit
to defeat, put down
laconic
brief, to the point, terse
Venal
corruptible, bribable, unprincipled
ossify
to turn to bone; to settle rigidly into an idea or practice, become closed minded
disingenuous
sophisticated, artful, trying to deceive, cunning
insensible
unconscious, unresponsive, unaffected
turbid
muddy, having the sediment stirred up
erudite
learned, scholarly
saturnine
gloomy, dark, sullen, morose
abeyance
suspended action
diaphanous
transparent, gauzy
epitome
representative, a summary or abstract, a typical example
squalid
foul, filthy
quiescent
at rest, dormant, torpid
recreancy
cowardice, a cowardly giving up
misanthrope
one who hates mankind
misogynist
one who hates women/females
castigate
to chastise, correct by punishing
apprehension
misgiving, dread. Also a stopping or arrest. Also an understanding
Prosaic
dull, tedious, commonplace
gainsay
deny
pungency
sharpness; stinging quality
approbation
approval
refractory
stubborn, unmanageable, intractable
contentious
quarrelsome, competitive, quick to fight, pugnacious
antipathy
aversion, dislike
hapless
unlucky, unfortunate
prevaricate
stray from or avoid the truth; equivocate
countenance
(n) mien, face (v) approve of
dogmatic
positive, certain, arbitrary, without room for discussion
strut
a supporting bar
felicitous
apt; suitably expressed, well chosen, apropos
apropos
appropriate to the situation; apt
implacable
incapable of being placated, unpleasable
raffish
disreputable; tawdry
guileless
without deceit, honest
resigned
unresisting, submissive
vituperate
berate, rail against, attack verbally
render
deliver, provide, represent
diffidence
shyness
sophistry
fallacious reasoning, faulty logic
fulminate
berate, vituperate, to thunder out, to explode,
dynamo
a generator, something that produces electric current; an energetic person
assay
an analysis, examination, test. To put to a test
hallow
to make holy; consecrate
disabuse
to undeceive, correct a false impression
boisterous
loud, noisy, rough, lacking restraint
inveigle
wheedle, led astray
sodden
soaked, saturated
perfidious
violating good faith, treacherous, dishonest
conundrum
a riddle, dilemma, enigma
denouement
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
stolid
showing no emotion; impassive
dissemble
present false appearance; deceive
desuetude
cessation of use; disuse
indefatigability
not easily exhaustible; tirelessness
dilatory
causing delay, procrastinating
garner
to gather and save; to store up
Quaff
intractable
unruly, refractory, stubborn
delineate
to portray, depict, sketch out
ascetic
practicing self denial, austere, stark
fervid
intense, zealous
daunt
intimidate, make fearful
burgeon
grow forth, send out buds
anomalous
unexpected, not normal, odd
nice
precise, sensitive to subtleness
prodigal
wasteful, reckless with money
lugubrious
mournful, excessively sad
baleful
harmful, ominous, causing evil
credulous
gullible, too willing to believe
incredulous
skeptical, unwilling to believe (NOT "incredible," as many think)
blithe
cheerful, casual, carefree
verisimilitude
appearing true or real
provident
frugal; looking to the future
edacious
voracious, devouring
expostulate
argue earnestly to dissuade, correct, or protest
auspice
protection or support, patronage
auspicious
favorable, successful, prosperous
punctilious
precise, paying attention to trivialities, especially in regard to etiquette
salutary
remedial, wholesome, causing improvement
imbroglio
difficult or embarrassing situation
wend
to go, proceed
nostrum
a quack remedy, an untested cure
personable
pleasing in appearance, attractive
salacious
obscene
exscind
to cut out, cut away
sublime
lofty, noble
quail
lose courage, turn frightened
urbane
elegant, refined in manners
tyro
novice, amateur
boorish
crude, offensive, rude
upbraid
reprove, reproach
effete
infertile, worn out, weak
obdurate
stubborn, inflexible, adamant
mince
pronounce or speak affectedly, euphemize, speak too carefully. Also to take tiny steps, tiptoe
inimitable
defying imitation, unmatchable
inveterate
deep rooted, ingrained, habitual
umbrage
offense, resentment
extirpate
to destroy, exterminate, cut out, exscind
forswear
renounce, disallow, repudiate
ignoble
dishonorable, common, undignified
ostensible
seeming, appearing as such, professed
illusory
deceptive; an illusion
overweening
presumptuously arrogant, overbearing, immoderate, being a jerk
wag
to be incessantly active, to waddle; also a mischievous person
lucubrate
write in scholarly fashion
impetuous
impulsive, forceful, with energy
bellicose
belligerent, pugnacious, warlike
Cabal
a scheme or plot, a group of plotters
irresolute
unresolved, indecisive
complaisance
tending to comply, obliging, willingness to please
apprise
give notice to, inform
pusillanimous
cowardly, craven
polemical
controversial, argued
luculent
easily understood, lucid, clear
poignant
physically painful, distressing, pertinent, touching, stimulating, emotional
engender
cause, produce, give rise to
dissemble
to hide, conceal, disguise
equanimity
calmness of temperament
ingenuous
naive, young, artless, frank, honest, sincere. Don't confuse with "ingenious"
very clever
epicure
food lover, a connoisseur of food
salient
prominent, protruding, conspicuous, highly relevant
inchoate
not yet fully formed, rudimentary, elementary
pugnacious
contentious, quarrelsome, contumacious, given to fighting, belligerent
peremptory
urgent, imperative, unchallengeable, ending debate
exigency
emergency, an urgent situation
ameliorate
improve, make better
august
majestic, venerable. Don't confuse with the month, "August," which is always capitalized.
minatory
menacing, threatening
froward
intractable, not willing to yield or comply, stubborn (NOT "forward")
fetter
to shackle, put in chains
pundit
a learned scholar, an authority on a subject
venal
corruptible, open to bribery
belie
contradict, give a false impression
epitome
brief summary or abstract; representative example; a typical model
prosaic
everyday, mundane, commonplace, trite, pedestrian
hermetic
sealed by fusion
fervor
zeal, ardor, intense emotion
endemic
prevailing in a specific area
Reticent
reserved, untalkative, silent, taciturn
rapacious
voracious, greedy, plundering
coeval
of the same period, coexisting
Austere
forbiddingly stern, simple, unadorned, very plain
indolence
laziness
pristine
primitive, unspoiled, pure, as in earlier times, unadulterated
capricious
fickle, whimsical, given to change, unpredictable
edifying
enlightening
philistine
a smug ignorant person; one who lacks knowledge
maladroit
clumsy, bungling
detumescence
diminishing or lessening of swelling
stygian
gloomy, dark
calumniate
to slander, present false accusal
baneful
causing harm or ruin, pernicious, destructive
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance, preempt
occult
hidden, concealed, beyond comprehension
irascible
irritable, easily angered
facetious
humorous, funny, jocular
Trenchant
forceful, effective, vigorous; extremely perceptive, incisive
Stymie
to hinder, obstruct, or block
intransigence
unwillingness to compromise, stubbornness, intractability
mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual; commonplace, everyday
mitigate
appease, lessen, propitiate
abstruse
difficult to comprehend; obscure
expatiate
to roam, wander freely
propitiate
appease, mitigate
slake
to assuage, to satisfy, allay
contentious
argumentative, pugnacious, combative, quarrelsome
inscrutable
incapable of being discovered or understood
elegy
a lament, a melancholy composition
derivative
unoriginal, obtained from another source
supercilious
disdainful; characterized by haughty scorn
sundry
various, miscellaneous, separate
Mercurial
quick, changeable in character, fleeting
Desultory
aimless, haphazard, digressing at random
sanctimony
self righteousness, hypocritical, with false piety
indomitable
not easily discouraged or subdued
Foment
to stir up, arouse, incite
Splenetic
bad tempered, irritable
Flout
reject, mock, to go against (as in going against tradition or conventions)
Obfuscate
to darken, make obscure, muddle
Noisome
unwholesomely bad smelling, putrid; (NOT "noisy")
incursion
a raid, a sudden attack
paean
a song of praise or triumph
turpitude
wickedness, shamefulness
detraction
slandering, verbal attack, aspersion
chastened
corrected, punished
brook
to tolerate, endure
ignominious
shameful, dishonorable, undignified, disgraceful
prolix
long and wordy
bane
cause of injury, poison, source of harm
abrogate
abolish or annul by authority; put down
conciliatory
reconciling, soothing, comforting, mollifying
insularity
narrow mindedness, isolated
untoward
perverse, unruly, unseemly
perverted
twisted, corrupted, turned from normal course
odium
contempt, dislike, aversion
dissolution
disintegration, looseness in morals
sophomoric
self assured though immature, affected, bombastic, overblown, lacking maturity
enormity
excessive wickedness; evilness. Don't confuse with "enormousness," which means great size. ENORMITY DOES NOT MEAN "BIGNESS" OR "GREAT SIZE"
obdurate
hardened and unrepentant; stubborn, inflexible
fatuous
complacently stupid
burnish
to polish, rub to a shine
tenuous
unsubstantial, flimsy, weak
repudiate
disown, disavow, reject as untrue
denigrate
blacken, belittle, sully, defame
maverick
rebel, nonconformist
effluvia
outflow in a stream of particles; a noxious odor or vapor
alacrity
cheerful promptness
salubrious
healthful
paradigm
a model, example, or pattern
apotheosis
deification, glorification to godliness
officious
meddlesome, pushy in one's services
cogent
convincing
spurious
false, counterfeit
panegyric
formal praise, eulogy
mollify
to soothe
peregrination
traveling about, wandering
acarpous
effete, no longer fertile, worn out
bedizen
to adorn, especially in a cheap, showy manner
alloy
to debase by mixing with something inferior
fecund
fertile
doggerel
trivial, poorly constructed verse
peripatetic
walking
mendicant
a beggar
propitiatory
conciliatory, appeasing, mitigating
pedantic
bookish, showing off learning
nadir
bottom, the lowest point
zenith
top, the highest point
broach
bring up, announce, begin to talk about
obtrusive
projecting, prominent, undesirably noticeable
ramify
to be divided or subdivided; to branch out
exculpate
to clear from a charge of guilt
ineluctable
certain, inevitable
gainsay
to deny, declare false, to oppose
episodic
loosely connected, not flowing logically
iconoclastic
attacking cherished beliefs
recidivism
relapse into antisocial or criminal behavior
profligate
wasteful, prodigal, licentious, extravagant
inherent
ingrained within one's nature; firmly established; a natural part of; definitionally so
torpid
sleeping, sluggish, lethargic, dormant
gregarious
sociable, outgoing
recondite
profound, abstruse, obscure
judicious
sound in judgment; wise
sinuous
winding, undulating, serpentine
undulate
to move in wavelike fashion, fluctuate
probity
uprightness, incorruptibility, principle
rubric
heading, title, or category
interdict
prohibit, forbid
harangue
a long, passionate speech
calumny
slander, aspersion
petrous
like a rock, hard, stony
petrify
to make hard, rocklike
conjoin
to join together
nexus
a connection, tie, or link
penury
extreme poverty
idyll
a carefree episode or experience; a short poem describing a picturesque episode
countenance
to favor or approve of
fulsome
disgusting, offensive due to excessiveness
chauvinist
a blindly devoted patriot
veritably
unquestionably, certainly
itinerate
to travel from place to place, to peregrinate
eulogy
formal praise; panegyric
malleable
yielding; easily shaped; moldable; adapting
bilge
bulge, the protuberance of a cask
Lubricious
lewd, wanton, greasy, slippery
Sagacious
having sound judgment; perceptive, wise; like a sage
impecunious
poor, penniless
Recondite
not easily understood, abstruse, inscrutable
Querulous
complaining, peevish, discontented
Virago
a loud, domineering woman; a scold or nag
Rarefy
to make thin, to make less dense, to purify or refine
expurgate
to remove obscenity, purify, censor
propinquity
nearness in time or place, affinity of nature
extenuate
reduce the strength of, lessen seriousness, partially excuse
deprecate
protest against, express disapproval of
excoriate
to flay, strip off the skin; to denounce sharply
obviate
to make unnecessary, get rid of
opprobrious
shameful, expressing disgrace
succor
assistance, relief in time of distress
censure
expression of blame or disapproval; a rebuke
proscribe
ostracize, banish, outlaw
platitude
a trite or banal statement; unoriginality
impetuous
having sudden energy, impulsive, thrusting ahead, forceful
obloquy
abusively detractive language, sharp criticism, vituperation
plaintive
mournful, melancholy, sorrowful
timorous
fearful, timid, afraid
debacle
a breakup, overthrow, sudden disaster
effrontery
boldness, impudence, arrogance
specious
illogical, of questionable truth or merit
redoubtable
formidable, causing fear
regale
to delight or entertain; to feast
volatile
changeable, inconstant, fickle, unstable, explosive
inured
accustomed to, adapted
blandishment
flattery, enticement
pernicious
deadly, very destructive
accretion
growth, increase by successive addition, building up
deposition
accretion, depositing, building up layer by layer
quotidian
daily; commonplace, pedestrian
pedestrian
commonplace, trite, unremarkable
sanguine
cheerful, confident, optimistic
consternation
sudden confusion or amazement
exsert
thrust out, push forth
petulant
impatient, irritable
scurvy
mean, contemptible
surfeit
satiate, feed to fullness or to excess
prevaricate
to equivocate, to stray from the truth
temerity
boldness, brashness, intrepidness
stint
to be thrifty, to set limits
obtain
to be established, accepted, or customary
propitious
auspicious, presenting favorable circumstances
ebullient
overflowing with enthusiasm; showing excitement
abjure
recant solemnly, repudiate, renounce
encomium
warm or glowing praise; eulogy, panegyric
arduous
steep, difficult ascent; laborious
tautology
a repetition, a redundancy
suppliant
asking humbly, beseeching
imperiousness
arrogance, commanding presence, overbearingness
evince
to show clearly, to indicate
Stanch
to stop the flow of a fluid
Vitiate
to pervert, debase, make ineffective
contemn
to scorn or despise
stentorian
extremely loud and powerful
Poseur
someone taking on airs to impress others; a phony
grievous
causing grief or pain; serious, dire, grave
precipitate
(v) to hurl down, to fall headlong (adj) speeding, acting recklessly
sententious
short and pithy, full of maxims/proverbs
palliate
to make something appear less serious, to alleviate, to gloss over, put a positive spin on
floridness
ruddiness; heavily decorated; ornateness
asperity
roughness, harshness, ill temper, irritability (Don't confuse with "aspersion," which means slander
mendacity
dishonesty
involute
intricate, complex
importune
ask incessantly, to beg, to nag
precipitous
rash, foolhardy; dropping sharply, dangerous
abrogate
abolish

The king intended to abrogate the decree issed by his predecessor.
abstruse
obscure, profound; difficult to understand.

Baffled by the abstruse philosophical texts
accoutre
equip

The fisherman was accoutred with the best equipment.
acquiesce
assent, agree passively

Although she appeared to acquiesce to her employer's suggestions, I coul tell she had reservations about hte changes he wanted made.
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
actuate
motivate
adage
wise saying, proverb
allusion (not illusion)
indirect reference
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or confliting emotional attitudes
ambiguous
unclear
amble
moving at an easy pace
amenable
readily managed or willing to be led; anserable or accountable legally
amok
state of rage
anathema
solemn curse
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary
animadversion
critical remark
animus
hostile feeling or intent
annals
records; history
anneal
reduce brittlenewss and improe toughness by heating and cooling
annex
attach; take possession of
anodyne
drug that relieve pain; opiate
anomalous
irregular; abnormal
antecede
precede
apathy
lack of caring, indifference
ape
imitate or mimic
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illnes
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying
aplomb
poise, assurance
apothegm
pithy, compact saying
appellation
name, title
application
diligent attention
apposite
appropriate, fitting
appurtenances
subordinate possessions
aquiline
curved, hooked
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious
arcane
secret, mysterious
arduous
hard, strenuous
argot
slang
aria
operatic solo
array
marshal; draw up in order OR clothe, adorn
arrears
being in debt
arroyo
gully
artifice
deception, trickery
artless
without guile, open and honest
aseptic
preventing infection
asperity
sharpness in temper
aspersion
slanderous remark
assail
asault
assiduous
diligent
assimilate
absorb, cause to become homogenous
assuage
ease or lessen pain, satisfy hunger, soothe anger
astringent
binding causing contraction, harsh or severe
asunder
into parts, apart
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents
atone
make amends for, pay for
attenuate
make thin, weaken
attrition
gradual decrease in numbers; reduction in the work force without firing employess
augury
omen, prophecy
august
impressive; majestic
aureole
sun's corona; halo
asperity
sharpness in temper
aspersion
slanderous remark
assail
asault
assiduous
diligent
assimilate
absorb, cause to become homogenous
assuage
ease or lessen pain, satisfy hunger, soothe anger
astringent
binding causing contraction, harsh or severe
asunder
into parts, apart
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents
atone
make amends for, pay for
attenuate
make thin, weaken
attrition
gradual decrease in numbers; reduction in the work force without firing employess
augury
omen, prophecy
august
impressive; majestic
aureole
sun's corona; halo
auspicious
favoring success
avarice
greediness for wealth
avert
prevent, turn away
avocation
secondary or minnor occupation
avuncular
like an uncle
awl
pointed tool used for piercing
axiom
self-evident truth
bacchanalian
drunken
badinage
teasing conversation
bait
harass, tease
balk
to stop short, as if faced with an obstacle and refuse to continue OR to foil
ballast
heavy substance used to add stabilty or weight
bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; exchange words heatedly
bandtering
good natured ridiculling
barb
openly cutting remark
askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
baroque
highly ornate
barrage
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
bastard
illegitimate child
bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
battalion
army unit made up of four or more companies
bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
bearing
deportment; connection
beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
beeline
direct quick route
befuddle
confuse thoroughly
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
belated
delayed
beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
benison
blessing
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
beseech
beg; plead with
beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
besiege
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
betroth
become engaged to marry
bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
bewitch
cast a spell over; captivate completely
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
biennial
every two years
bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
bilk
swindle; cheat
billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
bizarre
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
blackball
vote against (an applicant); ostracize; N: negative vote
blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
blandishment
flattery
blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
blase
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
blemish
mar; spoil the beauty or perfection of; N: flaw or defect (that spoils perfection); Ex. blemishes in the crystal; CF. unblemished
blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
blithe(blithesome)
gay; joyous
bloated
(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air
blotch
spot; blot; CF. blot+botch
blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
blue
gloomy; depressed
blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
blunder
error; stupid mistake
blunt
having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt
blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
bode
foreshadow; portend
bog
soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud
bogus
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
Bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
boisterous
violent; rough; noisy
bolster
support; reinforce
bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a | door); gobble down
bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
bookish
fond of books and reading
boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
boor
rude, insensitive person
boorish
rude; insensitive
boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
botch
mismanage; blow
bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
bound
leap or spring; limit or confine; constitute the limit of; Ex. bounded by Canada; N: leap or jumping; boundary; ADJ: certain; having a duty to do something (legally or morally); confined by bonds; Ex. We are bound to be late; Ex. I am bound to
bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
brackish
somewhat saline
brag
boast
braggadocio
boasting
braggart
boaster; bragger
braid
plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair)
brand
trademark; mark burned on the hide of an animal; mark burned into the flesh of criminals; mark of disgrace; V: mark with a brand; give a lasting bad name; stigmatize; Ex. The press branded him a liar.
brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
brave
face courageously; Ex. brave the storm
brawl
noisy quarrel
brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.
breadth
width; extent
breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
bridle
harness fitted about a horse's head (used to restrain); curb; check; V: put a bridle on; control or restrain; show anger
brim
uppermost edge of a cup; projecting rim (as on a hat); Ex. The glass was full to the brim; V: be full to the brim
brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
brink
edge (at the top of a cliff); Ex. on the brink of the Grand Canyon
brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
brochure
pamphlet
broil
cook by direct heat; N.
bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
browbeat
bully; intimidate
browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
buccaneer
pirate
bucolic
rustic; pastoral
buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
buffoon
stupid person; clown
buffoonery
clowning
bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
bulge
protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude
bulk
size or volume (esp. when very large); main part; Ex. The bulk of the work has already been done; ADJ. bulky: having great size
bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
bump
hit or knock against with force; N.
bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
buoyant
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
bureaucracy
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
bust
piece of sculpture showing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest; V: break up; arrest; Ex. crimebuster
buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
cache
hiding place; V.
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
cadaver
corpse; dead human body
cadaverous
like a corpse; pale
cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
cadet
student at a military school
cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
calamity
disaster; misery
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
caldron(cauldron)
large kettle
caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
callus
area of thick hard skin
calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
camp
group sharing a common cause or opinion
canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
canine
related to dogs; doglike
canker
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable
cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
canto
division of a long poem
canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
capacious
spacious
capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
capillary
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
capsize
(of a boat) turn over
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
captious
faultfinding; too critical
carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
cardiologist
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
career
rush wildly; go at full speed
carefree
free from worries; having no problems
caricature
distortion; burlesque
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
carnage
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
carnal
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
carnivorous
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
cartographer
map-maker
cascade
small waterfall
caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
casualty
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
catastrophe
calamity ; disaster
catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
categorical
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
cater
provide food and drink (for); cater to: try to satisfy (desires of a bad kind)
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
causal
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
celerity
speed; rapidity
celestial
heavenly
celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
cemetery
place for burying the dead
censor
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
censorious
severely critical
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
centripetal
tending toward the center
centurion
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
cerebral
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
certitude
certainty
cessation
stoppage
cession
yielding to another; ceding
chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
chaffing
bantering; joking
chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
chant
tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant
chaotic
in utter disorder
chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
char
make or become black by burning; reduce or be reduced to carbon or charcoal(black substance made by burning wood) by incomplete combustion
charisma
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
charm
quality of pleasing; amulet; action or formula thought to have magical power; spell; V: attract; cast a spell on; bewitch
chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
chasm
abyss; very deep crack
chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
chicanery
trickery; deception
chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
chip
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
choice
delicate; of very fine quality
choir
group of people who sing together (esp. during religious services); place for choir
choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
chorus
phrase repeated throughout a song or poem
chronic
long established as a disease
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
chuckle
laugh quietly
churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
circuitous
roundabout
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
circumscribe
limit; confine; draw a line around
circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
circumvent
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
cistern
reservoir or water tank
citadel
fortress
cite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
clandestine
secret
clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
clasp
hold firmly within arms
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
clavicle
collarbone
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
cleft
N: split
clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
clich\'e
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
clientele
body of customers
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
clime
climate
clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
clique
small exclusive group of people
cloister
monastery or convent
clot
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
coalition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
coax
persuade by flattery
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
coercion
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
cogent
convincing
cogitate
think over; ponder
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
cohabit
live together
cohere
stick together
cohesion
tendency to keep together
cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
coiffure