Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/644

Click to flip

644 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Abscond
To depart clandestinely; to steal off and hide
Aberrant
Deviating from the norm
Alacrity
Eager and enthusiastic willingness
He accepted the task with alacrity.
Anomaly
Deviation from the normal order, form or rule; abnormality
Approbation
An expression of approval or praise
Arduous
Strenuous, taxing; requiring significant effort
Assuage
To ease or lessen; to appease or pacify
Audacious
Daring and fearless; recklessly bold
Austere
Without adornment; bare; severely simple; ascetic
Axiomatic
Taken as a given; possessing self-evident truth
canonical
Following or in agreement with accepted, traditional standards
capricious
Inclined to change one’s mind impulsively; erratic, unpredictable
censure
To criticize severely; to officially rebuke
chicanery
Trickery or subterfuge
connoisseur
An informed and astute judge in matters of taste; expert
convoluted
Complex or complicated
disabuse
To undeceive; to set right
He made it his duty to be a conduit of disabuse - they came to him for help.
discordant
Conflicting; dissonant or harsh in sound
disparate
Fundamentally distinct or dissimilar
effrontery
Extreme boldness; presumptuousness
eloquent
Well-spoken, expressive, articulate
enervate
To weaken; to reduce in vitality
ennui
Dissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathy
equivocate
To use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent
erudite
Very learned; scholarly
exculpate
Exonerate; to clear of blame
exigent
Urgent, pressing; requiring immediate action or attention
extemporaneous
Improvised; done without preparation
And so it happened, that she got up and gave the best speech of her life - extemporaneously no less.
fulminate
To loudly attack or denounce
ingenuous
Artless; frank and candid; lacking in sophistication
inured
Accustomed to accepting something undesirable
irascible
Easily angered; prone to temperamental outbursts
laud
To praise highly
lucid
Clear; easily understood
magnanimity
The quality of being generously noble in mind and heart, esp. in forgiving
martial
Associated with war and the armed forces
mundane
Of the world; typical of or concerned with the ordinary
nascent
Coming into being; in early developmental stages
nebulous
Vague; cloudy; lacking clearly defined form
neologism
A new word, expression, or usage; the creation or use of new words or senses
noxious
Harmful, injurious
obtuse
Lacking sharpness of intellect; not clear or precise in thought or expression
obviate
To anticipate and make unnecessary
onerous
Troubling; burdensome
paean
A song or hymn of praise and thanksgiving
parody
A humorous imitation intended for ridicule or comic effect, esp. in literature and art
perennial
Recurrent through the year or many years; happening repeatedly
perfidy
Intentional breach of faith; treachery
Tom no longer cared for his perfunctory studies in Buddhism, and engaged in perfidy to spite his past.
perfunctory
Cursory; done without care or interest
perspicacious
Acutely perceptive; having keen discernment
prattle
To babble meaninglessly; to talk in an empty and idle manner
Precipitate (adj)
acting with excessive haste or impulse
Precipitate (vrb)
To cause or happen before anticipated or required
predilection
A disposition in favor of something; preference
prescience
Foreknowledge of events; knowing of events prior to their occurring
prevaricate
To deliberately avoid the truth; to mislead
qualms
Misgivings; reservations; causes for hesitancy
recant
To retract, esp. a previously held belief
refute
To disprove; to successfully argue against
relegate
To forcibly assign, esp. to a lower place or position
reticent
Quiet; reserved; reluctant to express thoughts and feelings
solicitous
Concerned and attentive; eager
sordid
Characterized by filth, grime, or squalor; foul
sporadic
Occurring only occasionally, or in scattered instances
squander
To waste by spending or using irresponsibly
static
Not moving, active, or in motion; at rest
stupefy
To stun, baffle, or amaze
stymie
To block; thwart
synthesis
The combination of parts to make a whole
torque
A force that causes rotation!
tortuous
Winding, twisting; excessively complicated
truculent
Fierce and cruel; eager to fight
veracity
Truthfulness, honesty
virulent
Extremely harmful or poisonous; bitterly hostile or antagonistic
voracious
Having an insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit; ravenous
waver
To move to and fro; to sway; to be unsettled in opinion
adroit
quick or skillful or adept in action or thought
abate
To lessen in intensity or degree
accolade
An expression of praise
adulation
Excessive praise; intense adoration
aesthetic
Dealing with, appreciative of, or responsive to art or the beautiful
avarice
Greed, esp. for wealth
His father displayed such avarice in his career that he paid no attention to him.
axiom
A universally recognized principle
burgeon
To grow rapidly or flourish
bucolic
Rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants
cacophony
Harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance
canon
An established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature
castigation
Severe criticism or punishment
catalyst
A substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing; a person or thing that causes change.
caustic
Burning or stinging; causing corrosion
chary
Wary; cautious; sparing
cogent
Appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing
complaisance
The willingness to comply with the wishes of others
contentious
Argumentative; quarrelsome; causing controversy or disagreement
contrite
Regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness
culpable
Deserving blame
dearth
Smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; a lack
demur
To question or oppose
didactic
Intended to teach or instruct
discretion
Cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions
disinterested
Free of bias or self-interest; impartial
dogmatic
Expressing a rigid opinion based on unproved or improvable principles
ebullience
The quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings
eclectic
Composed of elements drawn from various sources
elegy
A mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead
emollient
Soothing, esp. to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying; an agent that softens or smoothes the skin
empirical
Based on observation or experiment
enigmatic
Mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand
ephemeral
Brief; fleeting
esoteric
Intended for or understood by a small, specific group
eulogy
A speech honoring the dead
exonerate
To remove blame
facetious
Playful; humorous
furtive
Marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious
gregarious
Sociable
harangue
To deliver a pompous speech or tirade
heretical
Violating accepted dogma or convention
impecunious
Lacking funds; without money
incipient
Beginning to come into being or to become apparent
inveigle
To obtain by deception or flattery
penurious
Penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
pernicious
Extremely harmful; potentially causing death
peruse
To examine with great care
prodigious
Abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary
prolific
Producing large volumes or amounts; productive
quaff
To drink deeply
redoubtable
Awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
satire
A literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision
squalid
Sordid; wretched and dirty as from neglect
stoic
Indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain; steadfast
supplant
To take the place of; supersede
torpid
Lethargic; sluggish; dormant
ubiquitous
Existing everywhere at the same time; constantly encountered; widespread
urbane
Sophisticated; refined; elegant
vilify
To defame; to characterize harshly
acumen
Keen, accurate judgment or insight
adulterate
To reduce purity by combining with inferior ingredients
amalgamate
To combine several elements into a whole
archaic
Outdated; associated with an earlier, perhaps more primitive, time
aver
To state as a fact; to declare or assert
"Well I do aver!"
bombastic
Synonyms: pompous, grandiloquent, turgid, florid, grandiose. Bombastic, flowery, pretentious, verbose all describe a use or a user of language more elaborate than is justified by or appropriate to the content being expressed. Bombastic suggests language with a theatricality or staginess of style far too powerful or declamatory for the meaning or sentiment being expressed.
a bombastic sermon on the evils of cardplaying
diatribe
A harsh denunciation (noun)
dissemble
To disguise or conceal; to mislead
Think resemble, but dis-resemble.
endemic
Characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region, or people
evanescent
Tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing
fervent
Greatly emotional or zealous
germane
Relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter
hackneyed
Rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage
halcyon
Calm and peaceful
hedonism
Devotion to pleasurable pursuits, esp. to the pleasures of the senses
hegemony
The consistent dominance of one state or ideology over others
iconoclast
One who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institutions
idolatrous
Given to intense or excessive devotion to something
impassive
Revealing no emotion
imperturbable
Marked by extreme calm, impassivity and steadiness
implacable
Not capable of being appeased or significantly changed
impunity
Immunity from punishment or penalty
inchoate
In an initial stage; not fully formed
infelicitous
Unfortunate; inappropriate
insipid
Without taste or flavor; lacking in spirit; bland
loquacious
Extremely talkative
luminous
Characterized by brightness and the emission of light
malevolent
Having or showing often vicious ill will, spite, or hatred
mendacity
The condition of being untruthful; dishonesty
misanthrope
One who hates all other humans
mitigate
To make or become less severe or intense; to moderate
obdurate
Unyielding; hardhearted; intractable
obsequious
Exhibiting a fawning attentiveness; boot-licking
opprobrium
Disgrace; contempt; scorn
pedagogy
The profession or principles of teaching, or instructing
pedantic
Overly concerned with the trivial details of learning or education; show-offish about one’s knowledge
penury
Poverty; destitution
pirate
To illegally use or reproduce
pith
The essential or central part
pithy
Precise and brief; curt (slightly negative connotations)
I have no use for your pithy remarks!
placate
To appease; to calm by making concessions
platitude
A superficial remark; esp. one offered as meaningful
polemical
Controversial; argumentative
prodigal
Recklessly wasteful; extravagant; profuse; lavish
proliferate
To grow or increase swiftly and abundantly
queries
Questions; inquiries; doubts in the mind; reservations
querulous
Prone to complaining or grumbling; peevish
rancorous
Characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment
recalcitrant
Obstinately defiant of authority; difficult to manage
repudiate
To refuse to have anything to do with; disown
rescind
To repeal; to retract
rhetoric
The art or study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion
salubrious
Promoting health or well-being
solvent
Able to meet financial obligations; able to dissolve another substance
specious
Seeming true, but actually being fallacious; misleadingly attractive; plausible but false
spurious
Lacking authenticity or validity; false; counterfeit
subpoena
A court order requiring appearance and/or testimony
succinct
Brief; concise
superfluous
Exceeding what is sufficient or necessary
surfeit
An overabundant supply; excess; to feed or supply to excess
Food in the United States is surfeit.
tenacity
Persistent determination
tenuous
Having little substance or strength; flimsy; weak
tirade
A long and extremely critical speech
acerbic
Having a sour or bitter taste or character; sharp; biting
aggrandize
To increase in intensity, power, influence or prestige
anachronism
Something or someone out of place in terms of historical or chronological context
contiguous
Sharing a border; touching; adjacent
credulous
Tending to believe too readily; gullible
derision
Scorn, ridicule, contemptuous treatment
desiccate
To dry out or dehydrate; to make dry or dull
dilettante
One with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a branch of knowledge
disparage
To slight or belittle
divulge
To disclose something secret
fawn
To flatter or praise excessively
flout
To show contempt for, as in a rule or convention
garrulous
Pointlessly talkative, talking too much
glib
Marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking in depth; superficial
hubris
Overbearing presumption or pride; arrogance
immutable
Not capable of change
impetuous
Hastily or rashly energetic; impulsive and vehement
inimical
Damaging; harmful; injurious
intractable
Not easily managed or directed; stubborn; obstinate
intrepid
Steadfast and courageous
laconic
Using few words; terse
terse
Abrupt in manner often to the point of rudeness.
maverick
An independent individual who does not go along with a group or party
mercurial
Characterized by rapid and unpredictable change in mood
mollify
To calm or soothe; to reduce in emotional intensity
neophyte
A recent convert; a beginner; novice
I am no longer a neophyte of psychology.
obfuscate
To deliberately obscure; to make confusing
ostentatious
Characterized by or given to pretentious display; showy
pervade
To permeate throughout
phlegmatic
Calm; sluggish; unemotional
plethora
An overabundance; a surplus
pragmatic
Practical rather than idealistic
His research was not very pragmatic, and as a result he was not awarded the grant.
presumptuous
Overstepping due bounds; taking liberites
pristine
Pure; uncorrupted; clean
probity
Adherence to highest principles; complete and confirmed integrity; uprightness
A career in politics should be marked with probity, but alas...
proclivity
A natural predisposition or inclination
profligate
Excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant
propensity
A natural inclination or tendency, penchant
prosaic
Dull; lacking in spirit or imagination
quixotic
Foolishly impractical; marked by lofty romantic ideals
quotidian
Occurring or recurring daily; commonplace
rarefy
To make or become thin, less dense; to refine
recondite
Hidden; concealed; difficult to understand; obscure
refulgent
Radiant; shiny; brilliant
OOOOOOO!!!! Refulgent keys! YAY!
renege
To fail to honor a commitment; to go back on a promise
sedulous
Diligent; persistent; hard-working
shard
A piece of broken pottery or glass
soporific
Causing drowsiness; tending to induce sleep
spendthrift
One who spends money wastefully
tacit
Implied; not explicitly stated
Stupid freakin tacit physics problems! --Me
tout
To publicly praise or promote
trenchant
Sharply perceptive; keen; penetrating
unfeigned
Genuine; not false or hypocritical
untenable
Indefensible; not viable; uninhabitable
vacillate
To waver indecisively between one course of action or opinion and another; waver
variegated
Multicolored; characterized by a variety of patches of different color
vexation
Annoyance; irritations (verb: vex)
vigilant
Alertly watchful
vituperate
To use harsh, condemnatory language; to abuse or censure severely or abusively; berate
alloy
To commingle; to debase by mixing with something inferior
appropriate
To take for one’s own use
Arrest
To suspend
ignominious
deserving or bringing disgrace or shame
"Never return to this household, you ignominious fool!" his father yelled as he ran out the door, never to return again. [That's not half bad, maybe I should write a book...]
guile
shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception
"...and don't forget Roland's guile" [Roland is a character called the gunslinger and is very serious, quiet, and good at manipulating those around him]
sagacious
perspicacious
Gambit
an opening remark intended to secure an advantage for the speaker
Belie
misrepresent: represent falsely
Truculent
defiantly aggressive
Diffident
showing modest reserve; lacking self-confidence
countenance
Verb form - to sanction: formal and explicit approval. Appearance.
A sad countenance. The college administration will not countenance cheating.
Salutary
beneficial: tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health
prosaic
commonplace: not challenging; dull and lacking excitement
extolled
laud: praise, glorify, or honor
Excoriate
condemn: express strong disapproval of
Banal
repeated too often; over familiar through overuse (cliché)
promulgate
formally made public
The president was not about to promulgate his secret affair.
censure
reprimand: rebuke formally
Catholic
universal in extent; involving all; of interest to all
quotidian
ordinary; commonplace
obstreperous
resisting control or restraint in a difficult manner; unruly
disingenuous
Insincere
gainsay
to deny, dispute, or contradict
"I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay, nor resist (King James Bible, Luke 21:15
taciturn
habitually reserved and uncommunicative
acquiescent
willing to carry out the orders or wishes of another without protest
cadge
to get something by taking advantage of someone
depredation
the act of preying upon or plundering
noisome
harmful, offensive, destructive
panegyric
a writing or speech in praise of a person or thing
ENCOMIUM implies enthusiasm and warmth in praising a person or a thing <received encomiums from literary critics>. EULOGY applies to a prepared speech or writing extolling the virtues and services of a person <delivered the eulogy at the funeral service>. PANEGYRIC suggests an elaborate often poetic compliment <her lyrical memoir was a panegyric to her mentor>.
prodigal
Rashly wasteful
reproof
the act of censuring, scolding, or rebuking
tractable
ability to be easily managed or controlled
turpitude
depravity; baseness
acarpous
producing no fruit
Agog
Eager / excited
kids all agog over new toy
apotheosis
the elevation or exaltation of a person to the rank of a god; deification
Many observers have tried to attribute Warhol's current apotheosis to the subversive power of artistic vision" (Michiko Kakutani).
abjure
To promise or swear to give up
abrogate
To repeal or annul by authority
accretion
The growing of separate things into one
admonitory
Containing warning
ameliorate
To improve; make better
aplomb
Self-confidence
Argot
Jargon / slang
arrant
In the highest degree
asperity
roughness harshness ill temper irritability
assuage
To make pain/desire less
augury
An omen or a sign
august
Majestic; venerable
Balk
hindrance: something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
supercilious
disdainful: having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy
The door-to-door holy-roller's supercilious air was infuriating.
sycophantic
Obsequious – bootlicking
Circumspect
heedful of potential consequences;
evince
To give expression to
reliquary
A container for the preservation of the relics of a saint
contravene
To contradict
transgression
the action of going beyond or overstepping some boundary or limit
contumacious
stubbornly disobedient, rebellious
Teenagers are sometimes quite contumacious.
abstruse
difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledge
supernumerary
a person serving no apparent function; a minor actor in crowd scenes
despoil
plunder: steal goods; take as spoils;
austere
Severely simple
misapprehension
mistake: an understanding of something that is not correct;
vitriol
subject to bitter verbal abuse
polemic
polemicist: a writer who argues in opposition to others (especially in theology); a controversy (especially over a belief or dogma); of or involving dispute or controversy
"The worst offense that can be committed by a polemic is to stigmatize those who hold a contrary opinion as bad and immoral men." [John Stuart Mill, 1806-73]
proclivity
A natural inclination
Abscond
To depart clandestinely; to steal off and hide
Aberrant
Deviating from the norm
Alacrity
Eager and enthusiastic willingness
Anomaly
Deviation from the normal order, form or rule; abnormality
Approbation
An expression of approval or praise
Arduous
Strenuous, taxing; requiring significant effort
Assuage
To ease or lessen; to appease or pacify
Audacious
Daring and fearless; recklessly bold
Austere
Without adornment; bare; severely simple; ascetic
Axiomatic
Taken as a given; possessing self-evident truth
canonical
Following or in agreement with accepted, traditional standards
capricious
Inclined to change one’s mind impulsively; erratic, unpredictable
censure
To criticize severely; to officially rebuke
chicanery
Trickery or subterfuge
connoisseur
An informed and astute judge in matters of taste; expert
convoluted
Complex or complicated
disabuse
To undeceive; to set right
discordant
Conflicting; dissonant or harsh in sound
disparate
Fundamentally distinct or dissimilar
effrontery
Extreme boldness; presumptuousness
eloquent
Well-spoken, expressive, articulate
enervate
To weaken; to reduce in vitality
ennui
Dissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathy
equivocate
To use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent
erudite
Very learned; scholarly
exculpate
Exonerate; to clear of blame
exigent
Urgent, pressing; requiring immediate action or attention
extemporaneous
Improvised; done without preparation
fulminate
To loudly attack or denounce
ingenuous
Artless; frank and candid; lacking in sophistication
inured
Accustomed to accepting something undesirable
irascible
Easily angered; prone to temperamental outbursts
laud
To praise highly
lucid
Clear; easily understood
magnanimity
The quality of being generously noble in mind and heart, esp. in forgiving
martial
Associated with war and the armed forces
mundane
Of the world; typical of or concerned with the ordinary
nascent
Coming into being; in early developmental stages
nebulous
Vague; cloudy; lacking clearly defined form
neologism
A new word, expression, or usage; the creation or use of new words or senses
noxious
Harmful, injurious
obtuse
Lacking sharpness of intellect; not clear or precise in thought or expression
obviate
To anticipate and make unnecessary
onerous
Troubling; burdensome
paean
A song or hymn of praise and thanksgiving
parody
A humorous imitation intended for ridicule or comic effect, esp. in literature and art
perennial
Recurrent through the year or many years; happening repeatedly
perfidy
Intentional breach of faith; treachery
perfunctory
Cursory; done without care or interest
perspicacious
Acutely perceptive; having keen discernment
prattle
To babble meaninglessly; to talk in an empty and idle manner
Precipitate (adj)
acting with excessive haste or impulse
Precipitate (vrb)
To cause or happen before anticipated or required
predilection
A disposition in favor of something; preference
prescience
Foreknowledge of events; knowing of events prior to their occurring
prevaricate
To deliberately avoid the truth; to mislead
qualms
Misgivings; reservations; causes for hesitancy
recant
To retract, esp. a previously held belief
refute
To disprove; to successfully argue against
relegate
To forcibly assign, esp. to a lower place or position
reticent
Quiet; reserved; reluctant to express thoughts and feelings
solicitous
Concerned and attentive; eager
sordid
Characterized by filth, grime, or squalor; foul
sporadic
Occurring only occasionally, or in scattered instances
squander
To waste by spending or using irresponsibly
static
Not moving, active, or in motion; at rest
stupefy
To stun, baffle, or amaze
stymie
To block; thwart
synthesis
The combination of parts to make a whole
torque
A force that causes rotation!
tortuous
Winding, twisting; excessively complicated
truculent
Fierce and cruel; eager to fight
veracity
Truthfulness, honesty
virulent
Extremely harmful or poisonous; bitterly hostile or antagonistic
voracious
Having an insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit; ravenous
waver
To move to and fro; to sway; to be unsettled in opinion
adroit
quick or skillful or adept in action or thought
abate
To lessen in intensity or degree
accolade
An expression of praise
adulation
Excessive praise; intense adoration
aesthetic
Dealing with, appreciative of, or responsive to art or the beautiful
avarice
Gree, esp. for wealth
axiom
A universally recognized principle
burgeon
To grow rapidly or flourish
bucolic
Rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants
cacophony
Harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance
canon
An established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature
castigation
Severe criticism or punishment
catalyst
A substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing; a person or thing that causes change.
caustic
Burning or stinging; causing corrosion
chary
Wary; cautious; sparing
cogent
Appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing
complaisance
The willingness to comply with the wishes of others
contentious
Argumentative; quarrelsome; causing controversy or disagreement
contrite
Regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness
The criminal's face was almost mournful with contrition.
culpable
Deserving blame
dearth
Smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; a lack
demur
To question or oppose
didactic
Intended to teach or instruct
discretion
Cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions
disinterested
Free of bias or self-interest; impartial
dogmatic
Expressing a rigid opinion based on unproved or improvable principles
ebullience
The quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings
eclectic
Composed of elements drawn from various sources
elegy
A mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead
emollient
Soothing, esp. to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying; an agent that softens or smoothes the skin
empirical
Based on observation or experiment
enigmatic
Mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand
ephemeral
Brief; fleeting
esoteric
Intended for or understood by a small, specific group
eulogy
A speech honoring the dead
exonerate
To remove blame
facetious
Playful; humorous
furtive
Marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious
gregarious
Sociable
harangue
To deliver a pompous speech or tirade
heretical
Violating accepted dogma or convention
impecunious
Lacking funds; without money; Syn. indigent, needy, penniless, impoverished, poverty-stricken, destitute
ANTONYM: Pecunious
The house was obvious in it's impecuniosity - rusty nails sticking out of walls, plaster falling from the ceiling, and spiders in every corner.
incipient
Beginning to come into being or to become apparent
inveigle
To obtain by deception or flattery
He inveigled a free pass to museum.
penurious
Penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
pernicious
Extremely harmful; potentially causing death
Radio and television coverage of politics doesn't see its role as a mission to explain, but to destroy, in a pernicious culture in which journalists pit themselves against politicians.
peruse
To examine with great care
prodigious
Abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary
prolific
Producing large volumes or amounts; productive
quaff
To drink deeply
redoubtable
Awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
He was expecting great things after writing his redoubtable thesis.
satire
A literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision
squalid
Sordid; wretched and dirty as from neglect
stoic
Indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain; steadfast
supplant
To take the place of; supersede
torpid
Lethargic; sluggish; dormant
ubiquitous
Existing everywhere at the same time; constantly encountered; widespread
urbane
Sophisticated; refined; elegant
vilify
To defame; to characterize harshly
acumen
Keen, accurate judgment or insight
adulterate
To reduce purity by combining with inferior ingredients
amalgamate
To combine several elements into a whole
archaic
Outdated; associated with an earlier, perhaps more primitive, time
aver
To state as a fact; to declare or assert
bombastic
Pompous; grandiloquent
diatribe
A harsh denunciation (noun)
dissemble
To disguise or conceal; to mislead
endemic
Characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region, or people
evanescent
Tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing
fervent
Greatly emotional or zealous
germane
Relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter
hackneyed
Rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage
halcyon
Calm and peaceful
hedonism
Devotion to pleasurable pursuits, esp. to the pleasures of the senses
hegemony
The consistent dominance of one state or ideology over others
iconoclast
One who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institutions
idolatrous
Given to intense or excessive devotion to something
impassive
Revealing no emotion
imperturbable
Marked by extreme calm, impassivity and steadiness
implacable
Not capable of being appeased or significantly changed
impunity
Immunity from punishment or penalty
inchoate
In an initial stage; not fully formed
infelicitous
Unfortunate; inappropriate
insipid
Without taste or flavor; lacking in spirit; bland
loquacious
Extremely talkative
luminous
Characterized by brightness and the emission of light
malevolent
Having or showing often vicious ill will, spite, or hatred
mendacity
The condition of being untruthful; dishonesty
misanthrope
One who hates all other humans
mitigate
To make or become less severe or intense; to moderate
obdurate
Unyielding; hardhearted; intractable
obdurate in his refusal to grant clemency
obsequious
Exhibiting a fawning attentiveness; boot-licking
opprobrium
Disgrace; contempt; scorn
pedagogy
The profession or principles of teaching, or instructing
pedantic
Overly concerned with the trivial details of learning or education; show-offish about one’s knowledge
penury
Poverty; destitution
pirate
To illegally use or reproduce
pith
The essential or central part; force or energy
The pith of the fruit glowed mysteriously.
pithy
Precise and brief
placate
To appease; to calm by making concessions
He placated her fears by saying he would hold her hand on the roller coaster.
platitude
A superficial remark; esp. one offered as meaningful
polemical
Controversial; argumentative
Democrats and republicans at first seem polemical, but in fact they are both on the side of money.
prodigal
Recklessly wasteful; extravagant; profuse; lavish
synonyms PROFUSE, LAVISH, PRODIGAL, LUXURIANT, LUSH, EXUBERANT mean giving or given out in great abundance. PROFUSE implies pouring forth without restraint <profuse apologies>. LAVISH suggests an unstinted or unmeasured profusion <a lavish party>. PRODIGAL implies reckless or wasteful lavishness threatening to lead to early exhaustion of resources <prodigal spending
proliferate
To grow or increase swiftly and abundantly
queries
Questions; inquiries; doubts in the mind; reservations
querulous
Prone to complaining or grumbling; peevish
rancorous
Characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment
recalcitrant
Obstinately defiant of authority; difficult to manage
the University suspended the most recalcitrant demonstrators"
repudiate
To refuse to have anything to do with; disown
rescind
To repeal; to retract
rhetoric
The art or study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion
salubrious
Promoting health or well-being
solvent
Able to meet financial obligations; able to dissolve another substance
specious
Seeming true, but actually being fallacious; misleadingly attractive; plausible but false
spurious
Lacking authenticity or validity; false; counterfeit
subpoena
A court order requiring appearance and/or testimony
succinct
Brief; concise
superfluous
Exceeding what is sufficient or necessary
surfeit
An overabundant supply; excess; to feed or supply to excess
Etymology: Middle English surfet, from Anglo-French, from surfaire to overdo, from sur- + faire to do, from Latin facere
tenacity
Persistent determination
tenuous
Having little substance or strength; flimsy; weak
tirade
A long and extremely critical speech
acerbic
Having a sour or bitter taste or character; sharp; biting
aggrandize
To increase in intensity, power, influence or prestige
anachronism
Something or someone out of place in terms of historical or chronological context
contiguous
Sharing a border; touching; adjacent
credulous
Tending to believe too readily; gullible
derision
Scorn, ridicule, contemptuous treatment
An object of ridicule; laughingstock
Her derision to being asked out was obvious; the poor man could see the laughter in her eyes.
desiccate
To dry out or dehydrate; to make dry or dull
dilettante
One with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a branch of knowledge
disparage
To slight or belittle
divulge
To disclose something secret
fawn
To flatter or praise excessively
flout
To show contempt for, as in a rule or convention
"The proper pronunciation," the blonde said, flouting her refined upbringing, "is pree feeks"
garrulous
Pointlessly talkative, talking too much
glib
Marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking in depth; superficial
She was easy to be around with her glib remarks, and what she lacked in depth she made up for in charisma.
hubris
Overbearing presumption or pride; arrogance
immutable
Not capable of change
impetuous
Hastily or rashly energetic; impulsive and vehement
Impetuous early birds piss me off.
inimical
Damaging; harmful; injurious
forces inimical to democracy>
intractable
Not easily managed or directed; stubborn; obstinate
intrepid
Steadfast and courageous
laconic
Using few words; terse
terse
Abrupt in manner often to the point of rudeness.
maverick
An independent individual who does not go along with a group or party
mercurial
Characterized by rapid and unpredictable change in mood
mollify
To calm or soothe; to reduce in emotional intensity
neophyte
A recent convert; a beginner; novice
obfuscate
To deliberately obscure; to make confusing
ostentatious
Characterized by or given to pretentious display; showy
pervade
To permeate throughout
phlegmatic
Calm; sluggish; unemotional
plethora
An overabundance; a surplus
pragmatic
Practical rather than idealistic
presumptuous
Overstepping due bounds; taking liberites
pristine
Pure; uncorrupted; clean
probity
Adherence to highest principles; complete and confirmed integrity; uprightness
proclivity
A natural predisposition or inclination
profligate
Excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant
propensity
A natural inclination or tendency, penchant
prosaic
Dull; lacking in spirit or imagination; characteristic of prose - Synonyms: ordinary, everyday, vapid, humdrum, tedious, tiresome, uninteresting
Albert Einstein was anything but prosaic.
quixotic
Foolishly impractical; marked by lofty romantic ideals
quotidian
Occurring or recurring daily; commonplace
rarefy
To make or become thin, less dense; to refine
recondite
Hidden; concealed; difficult to understand; obscure
refulgent
Radiant; shiny; brilliant
renege
To fail to honor a commitment; to go back on a promise
sedulous
Diligent; persistent; hard-working
shard
A piece of broken pottery or glass
soporific
Causing drowsiness; tending to induce sleep
spendthrift
One who spends money wastefully
tacit
Implied; not explicitly stated
tout
To publicly praise or promote
trenchant
Sharply perceptive; keen; penetrating
Picture [soldier in a 'trench' 'acutely aware' of his surroundings and what the enemies position is]
unfeigned
Genuine; not false or hypocritical
untenable
Indefensible; not viable; uninhabitable
vacillate
To waver indecisively between one course of action or opinion and another; waver
variegated
Multicolored; characterized by a variety of patches of different color
vexation
Annoyance; irritations (verb: vex)
vigilant
Alertly watchful
vituperate
To use harsh, condemnatory language; to abuse or censure severely or abusively; berate
alloy
To commingle; to debase by mixing with something inferior
appropriate
To take for one’s own use
Arrest
To suspend
ignominious
deserving or bringing disgrace or shame
guile
shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception
sagacious
perspicacious
Gambit
an opening remark intended to secure an advantage for the speaker
Belie
misrepresent: represent falsely
Truculent
defiantly aggressive
Diffident
showing modest reserve; lacking self-confidence
countenance
sanction: formal and explicit approval
Salutary
beneficial: tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health
prosaic
commonplace: not challenging; dull and lacking excitement
extolled
laud: praise, glorify, or honor
Excoriate
condemn: express strong disapproval of
He was excoriated for his mistakes
Banal
repeated too often; over familiar through overuse (cliché)
promulgate
formally made public
censure
reprimand: rebuke formally
Catholic
universal in extent; involving all; of interest to all
quotidian
ordinary; commonplace
Think quot = quote of the DAY (each day = common)
obstreperous
resisting control or restraint in a difficult manner; unruly
synonyms VOCIFEROUS, CLAMOROUS, BLATANT, STRIDENT, BOISTEROUS, OBSTREPEROUS mean so loud or insistent as to compel attention. VOCIFEROUS implies a vehement shouting or calling out <vociferous cries of protest and outrage>. CLAMOROUS may imply insistency as well as vociferousness in demanding or protesting <clamorous demands for prison reforms>. BLATANT implies an offensive bellowing or insensitive loudness <blatant rock music> <a blatant clamor for impeachment>. STRIDENT suggests harsh and discordant noise <heard the strident cry of the crow>. BOISTEROUS suggests a noisiness and turbulence due to high spirits <a boisterous crowd of party goers>. OBSTREPEROUS suggests unruly and aggressive noisiness and resistance to restraint <the obstreperous demonstrators were removed from the hall.
disingenuous
Insincere
gainsay
to deny, dispute, or contradict
taciturn
habitually reserved and uncommunicative
the taciturn boy had a hard time making friends
acquiescent
willing to carry out the orders or wishes of another without protest
cadge
to get something by taking advantage of someone
depredation
the act of preying upon or plundering
noisome
harmful, offensive, destructive
panegyric
a writing or speech in praise of a person or thing
prodigal
Rashly wasteful
reproof
the act of censuring, scolding, or rebuking
tractable
ability to be easily managed or controlled
Etymology: Latin tractabilis, from tractare to handle, treat
turpitude
depravity; baseness
acarpous
producing no fruit
Agog
Eager / excited
apotheosis
deification
abjure
To promise or swear to give up
abrogate
To repeal or annul by authority; treat as non-existant
abrogating their responsibilities
accretion
The growing of separate things into one
admonitory
Containing warning
ameliorate
To improve; make better
aplomb
Self-confidence
Argot
Jargon / slang
arrant
In the highest degree
asperity
roughness; harshness; ill temper; irritability
His speech was marked with asperity because his ex-wife came uninvited to the party.
assuage
To make pain/desire less
augury
An omen or a sign
august
Majestic; venerable
Balk
hindrance: something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
Picture (Blazing saddles: the toll-booth gag)
supercilious
disdainful: having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy
sycophantic
Obsequious – bootlicking
Circumspect
heedful of potential consequences;
evince
To give expression to
reliquary
A container for the preservation of the relics of a saint
contravene
To contradict
transgression
the action of going beyond or overstepping some boundary or limit
contumacious
stubbornly disobedient, rebellious
abstruse
difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledge
supernumerary
a person serving no apparent function; a minor actor in crowd scenes
despoil
plunder: steal goods; take as spoils;
austere
Severely simple
misapprehension
mistake: an understanding of something that is not correct;
vitriol
subject to bitter verbal abuse
polemic
polemicist: a writer who argues in opposition to others (especially in theology); a controversy (especially over a belief or dogma); of or involving dispute or controversy
proclivity
A natural inclination