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328 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abate
v. subside or moderate
(They wated for the storm to abate)
aberrant
adj. abnormal or deviant
(Given the aberrant nature of the data, we came to doubt the validity...)
abeyance
n. suspended action
(The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival)
abscond
v. depart secretly and hide
(The teller who absconded with the bonds went uncaptured)
abstemious
adj. sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
(Concerned whether her vegetarian son's abstemious diet provided him with sufficient protein...)
admonish
v. warn; reprove
(He admonished his listeners to chainge their wicked ways)
admonition, n.
adulterate
v. make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
(It is a crime to adulterat foods without informing the buyer.)
aesthetic
adj. artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful
(The beauty of the stained glass appealed to her aesthetic sense.)
aesthete, n.
aggregate
v. gather; accumulate
also adj.
aggregation, n.
alacrity
n. cheerful promptness; eagerness
alleviate
v. relieve
amalgamate
v. combine; unite in one body
ambiguous
adj. unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambivalence
n. the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
ambivalent, adj.
ameliorate
v. improve
anachronism
n. something or someone misplaced in time
anachronistic, adj.
analogous
adj. comparable
anarchy
n. absence of governing body; state of disorder
anomalous
adj. abnormal; irregular
antipathy
n. aversion; dislike
antipathetic, adj.
apathy
n. lack of caring; indifference
apathetic, adj.
appease
v. pacify or soothe; relieve
appeasement, n.
apprise
v. inform
approbation
n. approval
appropriate
v. acquire; take possession of for one's own use
arduous
adj. hard, strenusous
artless
adj. without guile; open and honest
ascetic
adj. practicing self-denial; austere
asceticism, n.
assiduous
adj. diligent
assuage
v. ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
assuagement, n.
banal
adj. hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality
banality, n.
belie
v. contradict; give a flase impression
beneficent
adj. kindly; doing good
bolster
v. support; reinforce
bombastic
adj. pompous; using inflated language
bombast, n.
boorish
adj. rude; insensitive
burgeon
v. grow forth; send out buds
burnish
v. make shiny by rubbing; polish
buttress
v. support; prop up
also n.
cacophonous
adj. discordant; inharmonious
cacophony, n.
capricious
adj. unpredictable; fickle
castigation
n. punishment; severe criticism
castigate, v.
catalyst
n. agent that brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
caustic
adj. burning; sarcastically biting
chicanery
n. trickery; deception
coagulate
v. thicken; congeal; clot
coagulant, n.
coda
n. concluding section of a musical or literary composition
cogent
adj. convincing
cogency, n.
commensurate
adj. equal in extent
(Your reward will be commensurate with your effort)
compendium
v. brief, comprehensive summary
complaisant
adj. trying to please; obliging
compliant
adj. yielding; confomring to requirements
conciliatory
adj. reconciling; soothing
conciliate, v.
condone
v. overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
confound
v. confuse; puzzle
connoisseur
n. person competent to act as a judge of art, etc.; a lover of an art
contention
n. claim; thesis
contend, v.
contentious
adj. quarrelsome
contrite
adj. penitent
contrition, n.
conundrum
n. riddle; difficult problem
converge
v. approach; tend to meet; come together
convergence, n.
convoluted
adj. coiled around; invovled; intricate
craven
adj. cowardly
daunt
v. intimidate, frighten
decorum
n. propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners
decorous, adj.
default
n. failure to act
deference
n. courteous regard for another's wish
delineate
v. portray; depict; sketch
delineation, n.
denigrate
v. blacken
deride
v. ridicule; make fun of
derisive, adj.
derision, n.
derivative
adj. unoriginal; obtained from another source
desiccate
v. dry up
desultory
adj. aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
deterrent
n. something that discourages; hindrance
also adj.
diatribe
n. bitter scolding, invective
dichotomy
n. split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
diffidence
n. shyness
diffuse
adj. wordy; rambling; spread out (like a gas)
also v.
diffusion, n.
digression
n. wandering away from the subject
digress, v.
dirge
n. lament with music
disabuse
v. correct a false impression, undeceive
discerning
adj. mentally quick and observant; having insight
discern, v.
discernment, n.
discordant
adj. not harmonious; conflicting
discredit
v. defame; destroy confidence in; disbelieve
discrepancy
n. lack of consistency; difference
discrete
adj. separate; unconnected
disingenuous
adj. not naive; sophisticated
disinterested
adj. unprejudiced
disjointed
adj. disconnected
dismiss
v. eliminate from consideration; reject
disparage
v. belittle
disparate
adj. basically different; unrelated
dissemble
v. disguise; pretend
disseminate
v. distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
dissolution
n. disintegration; looseness in morals
dissolute, adj.
dissonance
n. discord; opposite of harmony
dissonant, adj.
distend
v. expand; swell out
distill
v. purify; refine; concentrate
diverge
v. vary; go in different directions from the same point
divest
v. strip; deprive
divestiture, n.
document
v. provide written evidence
also n.
dogmatic
adj. opinionated; arbitrary; doctrinal
dormant
adj. sleeping; lethargic; latent
dormancy, n.
dupe
n. someone easily fooled
ebullient
adj. showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm
ebullience, n.
eclectic
adj. selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources
eclecticism, n.
efficacy
n. power to produce desired effect
efficacious, adj.
effrontery
n. shameless boldness
elegy
n. poem or song expressing lamentation
elegiacal, adj.
elicit
v. draw out by discussion
embellish
v. adorn; ornament; enhance, as a story
empirical
adj. based on experience
emulate
v. irritate; rival
endemic
adj. prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country
enervate
v. weaken
enervation, n.
engender
v. cause; produce
enhance
v. increase; improve
ephemeral
adj. short-livied; fleeting
equanimity
n. clamness of temperament; composure
equivocate
v. lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth
erudite
adj. learned; scholarly
erudition, n.
esoteric
adj. hard to understand; known only to the chosen few
esoterica, n.
eulogy
n. expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death
eulogize, v.
euphermism
n. mild expression in place of an unpleasant one
exacerbate
v. worsen; embitter
exacerbation, n.
exculpate
v. clear from blame
exigency
n. urgent situation
exigent, adj.
extrapolation
n. projection; conjecture
extrapolate, v.
facetious
adj. joking (often inappropriately); humorous
facilitate
v. help bring about; make less difficult
fallacious
adj. false; misleading
fallacy, n.
fatuous
adj. foolish; inane
fawning
adj. courting favor by cringing and clattering
fawn, v.
felicitous
adj. apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
fervor
n. glowing adorl intensity of feeling
flag
v. droop; grow feeble
flagging, adj.
fledgling
adj. inexperienced
aslo n.
flout
v. reject; mock
foment
v. stir up; instigate
forestall
v. prevent by taking action in advance
frugality
n. thirft; economy
frugal, adj.
futitle
adj. useless; hopeless; ineffectual
futility, n.
gainsay
v. deny
garrulous
adj. loquacious; wordy; talkative
garrulity, n.
goad
v. urge on
also n.
gouge
v. overcharge
grandiloquent
adj. pompous; bombastic; using highsounding language
gregarious
adj. sociable
guileless
adj. without deceit
gullible
adj. easily deceived
harangue
n. long, passionate, and vehement speech
homogeneous
adj. of the same kind
homogeneity, n.
hyperbole
n. exaggeration; overstatement
hyperbolic, adj.
iconoclastic
adj. attacking cherished traditions
iconoclasm, n.
idolatry
n. worship of idols; excessive admiration
immutable
adj. unchnageable
impair
v. injure; hurt
impassive
adj. without feeling; imperturbable; stoical
impede
v. hinder; block
impermeable
adj. impervious; not permitting passage through its substance
imperturbable
adj. calm; placid
imperturbability, n.
impervious
adj. impenetrable; incapable of being damanged or distressed
implacable
adj. incapable of being pacified
implicit
adj. understood but not stated
implode
v. burst inward
implosion, n.
inadvertently
adv. unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly
inchoate
adj. recently begun; rudimentary; elementary
incongruity
n. lack of harmony; absurdity
incongruous, adj.
inconsequential
adj. insignificant; unimportant
incorporate
v. introduce something into a larger whole; combine; unite
also adj.
indeterminate
adj. uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite
indigence
n. poverty
indigent, adj., n.
indolent
adj. lazy
indolence, n.
inert
adj. inactive; lacking power to move
inertia, n.
ingenuous
adj. naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated
ingenue, n.
inherent
adj. firmly established by nature or habit
innocuous
adj. harmless
insensible
adj. unconscious; unresponsive
insinuate
v. hint; imply; creep in
insipid
adj. lacking in flavor; dull
insularity
n. narrow-mindedness; isolation
insular, adj.
intractable
adj. unruly; stubborn; unyielding
intransigence
n. refusal of any compromise; stubbornness
intransigent, adj.
inundate
v. overwhelm; flood; sumerge
inured
adj. accustomed; hardened
invective
n. abuse
irascible
adj. irritable; easily angered
irresolute
adj. uncertain how to act; weak
itinerary
n. plan of a trip
laconic
adj. brief and to the point
lassitude
n. langour; weariness
latent
adj. portential but undeveloped; dormant; hidden
latency, n.
laud
v. praise
also n.
laudable, laudatory, adj.
lethargic
adj. drowsy; dull
lethargy, n.
levee
n. earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding
levity
n. lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity
log
n. record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities
also v.
loquacious
adj. talkative
loquacity, n.
lucid
adj. easily understood; clear; intelligible
lucidity, n.
luminous
adj. shining; issuing light
magnanimity
n. generosity
magnanimous, adj.
malingerer
n. one who feigns illness to escape duty
malinger, v.
malleable
adj. capable of being shaped by pouding; impressionable
maverick
n. rebel; nonconformist
mendacious
adj. lying; habitually dishonest
mendacity, n.
metamophosis
n. change of form
metamorphose, v.
meticulous
adj. excessively careful; painstaking; scrupulous
misanthrope
n. one who hates mankind
misanthropic, adj.
mitigate
v. appease; moderate
mollify
v. soothe
morose
adj. ill-humored; sullen; melancholy
mundane
adj. wordly as opposed to spiritual; everyday
negate
v. cancel out; nullify; deny
negation, n.
neophyte
n. recent convert; beginner
obdurate
adj. stubborn
obsequious
adj. slavishly attentive; servile; sycophantic
obviate
v. make unnecessary; get rid of
occulde
v. shut; close
occlusion, n.
officious
adj. meddlesome; excessively pushy in offering one's services
onerous
adj. burdensome
opprobrium
n. infancy; vilification
oscillate
v. vibrate pendulumlike; waver
ostentatious
adj. showy; pretentious; trying to attract attention
ostentation, n.
paragon
n. model of perfection
partisan
adj. one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party
also n.
pathological
adj. pertaining to disease
paucity
n. scarcity
pedantic
adj. showing off learning; bookish
pedantry, n.
penchant
n. strong inclination; liking
penury
n. severe poverty; stinginess
penurious, adj.
perennial
n. something long-lasting
also adj.
perfidious
adj. trecherous; disloyal
perfidy, n.
perfunctory
adj. superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm
permeable
adj. penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through
permeate, v.
pervasive
adj. spread throughout
pervade, v.
phlegmatic
adj. calm, not easily disturbed
piety
n. devoutness; reverence for God
pious, adj.
placate
v. pacify; conciliate
plasticity
n. ability to be molded
platitude
n. trite remark; commonplace statement
plethora
n. excess; overabundance
plumment
v. fall sharply
porous
adj. full of pores; like a sieve
pragmatic
adj. practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with the practical worth or impact of something
preamble
n. intoductory statement
precarious
adj. uncertain; risky
precipitate
adj. rash; premature; hasty; sudden
precursor
n. forerunner
presumptuous
adj. arrogant; taking liberties
presumption, n.
prevaricate
v. lie
pristine
adj. characteristic of earlier times; primitive; unspoiled
probity
n. uprightness; incorruptibility
problematic
adj. doubtful; unsettled; questionable; perplexing
prodigal
adj. wasteful; reckless with money
aslo n.
profound
adj. deep; not superficical; complete
profundity, n.
prohibitive
adj. tending to prevent the pruchase or use of something; inclined to prevent or frobid
prohibition, n.
proliferate
v. grow rapidly; spread; multiply
proliferation, n.
propensity
n. natural inclination
propitiate
v. appease
propriety
n. fitness; correct conduct
proscribe
v. ostrasize; banish; outlaw
pungent
adj. stining; sharp in taste or smell; caustic
pugency, n.
qualified
adj. limited; restricted
quibble
n. minor objection or complaint
also v.
quiescent
adj. at rest; dormant; temporarily inactive
quiescence, n.
rarefied
adj. made less dense [of a gas]
rarefaction, n.
recalcitrant
adj. obstinately stubborn; determiend to resist authority; unruly
recant
v. disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error
recluse
n. hermit; loner
reclusive, adj.
recondite
adj. abstruse; profound; secret
refractory
adj. stubborn; unmanageable
refute
v. disprove
refutation, n.
relegate
v. banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign
reproach
v. express disapproval or disapointment
also n.
reproachful, adj.
reprobate
n. person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency
repudiate
v. disown; disavow
rescind
v. cancel
resolution
n. determination
resolute, adj.
resolve
n. determination; firmness of purpose
also v.
reticent
adj. reserved; uncommunicative; inclined to silence
reticence, n.
reverent
adj. respectful; worshipful
revere, v.
reverence, n.
sage
n. person celebrated for wisdom
also adj.
salubrious
adj. healthful
sanction
v. approve; ratify
satiate
v. satisfy fully
satiety, n.
saturate
v. soak thoroughly
savor
v. enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality
secrete
v. hide away or cahce; produce and release a substance into an organism
shard
n. fragment, generally of pottery
skeptic
n. doubter; person who suspends judgement until having examined the evidence supporting a point of view
skeptical, adj.
skepticisim, n.
solicitous
adj. worried, concerned
solicitude, n.
soporific
adj. sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness
also n.
specious
adj. seemingly resonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
spectrum
n. colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism
sporadic
adj. occurring irregularly
stigma
n. token of disgrace; brande
stigmatize, n.
stint
v. be thirfty; set limits
stipulate
v. make express conditions, specify
stolid
adj. dull; impassive
stolidity, n.
striated
adj. marked with parallel bands; grooved
striate, v.
strut
n. pompous walk (also v.)
n. supporting bar
subpoena
n. writ summoning a witness to appear
also v.
subside
v. settle down; descent; grow quiet
substantiate
v. establish by evidence; verify; support
supersede
v. vause to be set aside; replace; make obsolete
supersession, n.
supposition
n. hypothesis; surmise
suppose, v.
tacit
adj. understood; not put into words
tangential
adj. peripheral; only slightly connected; disgressing
tenuous
adj. thin; rare; slim
tirade
n. extended scolding; denunciation; harrangue
torpor
n. lethargy; sluggshness; dormancy
torpid, adj.
tortuous
adj. winding; full of curves
tractable
adj. docile; easily managed
tractability, n.
transgression
n. violation of a law; sin
truculence
n. aggressiveness; ferocity
truculent, adj.
vacillate
v. waver; fluctuate
vacillation, n.
venerate
v. revere
veracious
adj. truthful
veractiy, n.
verbose
adj. wordy
verbosity, n.
viable
adj. practical or workable; capable of maintaining life
viscous
adj. sticky, gluey
viscosity, n.
vituperative
adj. abusive; scolding
volatile
adj. changeable; explosive; evaporating rapidly
volatility, n.
warranted
adj. justified; authorized
wary
adj. very cautious
welter
n. turmoil; bewildering jumble
whimsical
n. capricious; fanciful
whimsy, n.
zealot
n. fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal