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193 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
aberrant
deviating from normal or correct.
abscond
to leave secretly and hide, often to avoid the law.
advocate
to speak, plead, or argue for a cause, or in another’s behalf. (n) -- one who advocates.
aggrandize
to make greater, to increase, thus, to exaggerate.
amalgamate
to unite or mix. (n) -- amalgamation.
ambiguous
vague; subject to more than one interpretation
ambrosial
extremely pleasing to the senses, divine (as related to the gods) or delicious (n: ambrosia)
anachronism
a person or artifact appearing after its own time or out of chronological order (adj: anachronistic)
anomalous
peculiar; unique, contrary to the norm (n: anomaly)
antediluvian
ancient; outmoded; (literally,before the flood)
antipathy
hostility toward, objection, or aversion to
arbitrate
to settle a dispute by impulse (n: arbitration)
assuage
to make less severe; to appease or satisfy
attenuate
weaken (adj: attenuated)
audacious
extremely bold; fearless, especially said of human behavior (n: audacity)
aver
to declare
banal
commonplace or trite (n: banality)
barefaced
unconcealed, shameless, or brazen
blandishment
speech or action intended to coax someone into doing something
bombast
pompous speech (adj: bombastic)
breach
a lapse, gap or break, as in a fortress wall. To break or break through.ex: Unfortunately, the club members never forgot his breach of ettiquette.
burgeon
to grow or flourish; a bud or new growth (adj: burgeoning )
buttress
to support. a support
cadge
to get something by taking advantage of someone
caprice
impulse (adj: capricious)
castigate
to chastise or criticize severely
catalyst
an agent of change (adj: catalytic; v. catalyze)
caustic
capable of dissolving by chemical action; highly critical: "His caustic remarks spoiled the mood of the party."
chicanery
deception by trickery
complaisant
willingly compliant or accepting of the status quo (n: complaisance)
conflagration
a great fire
corporeal
of or having to do with material, as opposed to spiritual; tangible. (In older writings, coeporeal could be a synonym for corporal. This usage is no longer common)
corporal
of the body: "corporal punishment." a non-commissioned officer ranked between a sergeant and a private.
corroborate
to strengthen or support: "The witness corroborted his story." (n: corroboration)
craven
cowardly; a coward
culpable
deserving of blame (n: culpability)
dearth
lack, scarcity: "The prosecutor complained about the dearth of concrete evidence against the suspect."
deference
submission or courteous yielding: "He held his tongue in deference to his father." (n: deferential. v. defer)
depict
to show, create a picture of.
deprecation
belittlement. (v. deprecate)
depredation
the act of preying upon or plundering: "The depredations of the invaders demoralized the population."
descry
to make clear, to say
desiccate
to dry out thoroughly (adj: desiccated)
diatribe
a bitter abusive denunciation.
diffident
lacking self-confidence, modest (n: diffidence)
disabuse
to free a person from falsehood or error: "We had to disabuse her of the notion that she was invited."
disparaging
belittling (n: disparagement. v. disparage)
dispassionate
calm; objective; unbiased
dissemble
to conceal one's real motive, to feign
dogged
stubborn or determined: "Her dogged pursuit of the degree eventually paid off."
dogmatic
relying upon doctrine or dogma, as opposed to evidence
eclectic
selecting or employing individual elements from a variety of sources: "Many modern decorators prefer an eclectic style." (n: eclecticism)
efficacy
effectiveness; capability to produce a desired effect
effluent
the quality of flowing out. something that flows out, such as a stream from a river (n: effluence)
emollient
softening; something that softens
emulate
to strive to equal or excel (n: emulation)
encomium
a formal eulogy or speech of praise
endemic
prevalent in or native to a certain region, locality, or people: "The disease was endemic to the region." Don't confuse this word with epidemic.
enervate
to weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of: "The heatenervated everyone." (adj: enervating)
engender
to give rise to, to propagate, to cause: "His slip of the toungue engendered much laughter."
enigma
puzzle; mystery: "Math is an enigma to me." (adj: enigmatic)
ephemeral
lasting for only a brief time, fleeting (n: ephemera)
equivocal
ambiguous; unclear; subject to more than one interpretation -- often intentionally so: "Republicans complained that Bill Clinton's answers were equivocal." (v. equivocate)
erudite
scholarly; displaying deep intensive learning. (n: erudition)
esoteric
intended for or understood by only a few: "The esoteric discussion confused some people." (n: esoterica)
eulogy
a spoken or written tribute to the deceased (v. eulogize)
exacerbate
to increase the bitterness or violence of; to aggravate: "The decision to fortify the border exacerbated tensions."
exculpate
to demonstrate or prove to be blameless: "The evidence tended to exculpate the defendant."(adj: exculpatory)
exorbitant
exceeding customary or normal limits, esp. in quantity or price: "The cab fare was exorbitant."
explicit
fully and clearly expressed
extant
in existence, still existing: The only extant representative of that species."
fathom
a measure of length (six feet) used in nautical settings. to penetrate to the depths of something in order to understand it: "I couldn't fathom her reasoning on that issue."
fawn
to seek favor or attention; to act subserviantly (n, adj: fawning)
feign
to give false appearance or impression: "He feigned illness to avoid going to school." (adj: feigned)
fervid, fervent
highly emotional; hot: "The partisans displayed a fervent patriotism." (n: fervor)
fledgling
a baby bird; an inexperienced person; inexperienced.
florid
flushed with a rosy color, as in complexion; very ornate and flowery: "florid prose."
floundering
struggling: "We tried to save the floundering business."
garrulous
verbose; talkative; rambling: "We tried to avoid our garrulous neighbor."
gossamer
fine cobweb on foliage; fine gauzy fabric; very fine: "She wore a gossamer robe."
guile
skillful deceit: "He was well known for his guile." (v. bequile; adj: beguiling. Note, however, that these two words have an additional meaning: to charm (v.) or charming (adj:), while the word guile does not generally have any such positive connotations)
guileless
honest; straightforward (n: guilelessness)
hapless
unfortunate
headlong
headfirst; impulsive; hasty. impulsively; hastily; without forethought: "They rushed headlong into marriage."
homogenous
similar in nature or kind; uniform: "a homogeneous society."
iconoclast
one who attacks traditional ideas or institutions or one who destroys sacred images (adj: iconoclastic)
impecunious
penniless; poor
imperious
commanding
implication
insinuation or connotation (v. implicate)
imply
to suggest indirectly; to entail: "She implied she didn't believe his story." (n: implication)
improvidence
an absence of foresight; a failure to provide for future needs or events: "Their improvidence resulted in the loss of their home."
inchoate
in an initial or early stage; incomplete; disorganized: "The act of writing forces one to clarify incohate thoughts."
incorrigible
not capable of being corrected: "The school board finally decided the James was incorrigible and expelled him from school."
indelible
permanent; unerasable; strong: "The Queen made an indelible impression on her subjects."
ineffable
undescribable; inexpressible in words; unspeakable
infer
to deduce: "New genetic evidence led some zoologists to infer that the red wolf is actually a hybrid of the coyote and the gray wolf."
ingenious
clever: "She developed an ingenious method for testing her hypothesis."(n: ingenuity)
ingenuous
unsophisticated; artless; straightforward; candid: "Wilson's ingenuous response to the controversial calmed the suspicious listeners."
inhibit
to hold back, prohibit, forbid, or restrain (n: inhibition, adj: inhibited)
innocuous
harmless; having no adverse affect; not likely to provoke strong emotion
insensible
numb; unconscious: "Wayne was rendered insensible by a blow to the head." unfeeling; insensitive: "They were insensibile to the suffering of others.:
insipid
lacking zest or excitement; dull
insular
of or pertaining to an island, thus, excessively exclusive: "Newcomers found it difficult to make friends in the insular community."
intransigent
stubborn; immovable; unwilling to change: "She was so intransigent we finally gave up trying to convince her." (n: intransigence)
irascible
prone to outbursts of temper, easily angered
laconic
using few words; terse: "a laconic reply."
latent
present or potential but not evident or active (n: latency)
laudable
praiseworthy; commendable (v. laud)
leviathan
giant whale, therefore, something very large
loquacious
talkative
lucid
clear; translucent: "He made a lucid argument to support his theory."
lugubrious
weighty, mournful, or gloomy, especially to an excessive degree: "Jake's lugubrious monologues depressed his friends."
magnanimity
generosity and nobility. (adj: magnanimous)
malevolent
malicious; evil; having or showing ill will: "Some early American colonists saw the wilderness as malevolent and sought to control it."
misanthrope
one who hates people: "He was a true misanthrope and hated even himself."
misnomer
incorrect name or word for something
misogynist
one who hates women
mitigate
to make less forceful; to become more moderate; to make less harsh or undesirable: "He was trying to mitigate the damage he had done." (n: mitigation)
nefarious
wicked, evil: "a nefarious plot."
noisome
harmful, offensive, destructive: "The noisome odor of the dump carried for miles."
obdurate
hardened against influence or feeling; intractable.
obviate
to prevent by anticipatory measures; to make unnecessary:
occlude
to close or shut off; to obstruct (n: occlusion)
opaque
not transparent or transluscent; dense; difficult to comprehend, as inopaque reasoning
ossified
turned to bone; hardened like bone; Inflexible: "The ossified culture failed to adapt to new economic conditions and died out."
panegyric
a writing or speech in praise of a person or thing
peccadillo
a small sin or fault
pedantic
showing a narrow concern for rules or formal book learning; making an excessive display of one's own learning: "We quickly tired of his pedantic conversation." (n: pedant, pedantry).
perfidious
deliberately treacherous; dishonest (n: perfidy)
petulant
easily or frequently annoyed, especially over trivial matters; childishly irritable
philanthropy
tendency or action for the benefit of others, as in donating money or property to a charitible organization
phlegmatic
not easily excited; cool; sluggish
placate
to calm or reduce anger by making concessions: "The professor tried to placate his students by postponing the exam."
plastic
related to being shaped or molded; capable of being molded. (n: plasticity n: plastic)
plethora
excessively large quantity; overabundance: "We received a p lethora of applications for the position."
ponderous
heavy; massive; awkward; dull: "A ponderous book is better than a sleeping pill."
pragmatic
concerned with facts; practical, as opposed to highly principled or traditional: "His pragmatic approach often offended idealists." (n: pragmatism)
precipice
cliff with a vertical or nearly vertical face; a dangerous place from which one is likely to fall; metaphorically, a very risky circumstance
precipitate
to fall; to fall downward suddenly and dramatically; to bring about or hasten the occurrence of something: "Old World diseases precipitated a massive decline in the American Indian population."
precursor
something (or someone) that precedes another: "The assasination of the Archduke was a precursor to the war."
prevaricate
to stray away from or evade the truth: "When we asked him what his intentions were, he prevaricated."(n: prevarication; prevaricator)
prodigal
rashly wasteful: "Americans' prodigal devotion to the automobile is unique."
propitiate
to conciliate; to appease: "They made sacrifices to propitiate angry gods."
Pulchritudinous
beautiful (n: pulchritude)
pusillanimous
cowardly, timid, or irreselute; petty: "The pusillanimous leader soon lost the respect of his people."
quiescence
inactivity; stillness; dormancy (adj: quiescent)
rarefy
to make or become thin; to purify or refine (n: rarefaction, adj: rarefied)
reproof
the act of censuring, scolding, or rebuking. (v. reprove).
rescind
to repeal or annul
sagacious
having a sharp or powerful intellect or discernment. (n: sagacity).
sanguine
cheerful; confident: "Her sanguine attitude put everyone at ease."(Sangfroid (noun) is a related French word meaning unflappibility. Literally, it means cold blood)
sate
to satisfy fully or to excess
saturnine
having a gloomy or morose temperament
savant
a very knowledgable person; a genious
sedulous
diligent; persevering; persistent: "Her sedulous devotion to overcoming her background impressed many." (n: sedulity; sedulousness; adv. sedulously)
specious
seemingly true but really false; deceptively convincing or attractive: "Her argument, though specious, was readily accepted by many."
superficial
only covering the surface: "A superficial treatment of the topic was all they wanted."
tacit
unspoken: "Katie and carmella had a tacit agreement that they would not mention the dented fender to their parents."
taciturn
habitually untalkative or silent (n: taciturnity)
temperate
exercising moderation and self-denial; calm or mild (n: temperance)
tirade (diatribe)
an angry speech: "His tirade had gone on long enough."
tortuous
twisted; excessively complicated: "Despite public complaints, tax laws and forms have become increasingly tortuous." Note: Don't confuse this with torturous.
tractable
ability to be easily managed or controlled: "Her mother wished she were more tractable." (n: tractibility)
turpitude
depravity; baseness: "Mr. Castor was fired for moral turpitude."
tyro
beginner; person lacking experience in a specific endeavor: "They easily took advantage of the tyro."
vacuous
empty; without contents; without ideas or intelligence:: "She flashed a vacuous smile."
venerate
great respect or reverence: "The Chinese traditionally venerated their ancestors; ancestor worship is merely a popular misnomer for this tradition." (n: veneration, adj: venerable)
verbose
wordy: "The instructor asked her verbose student make her paper more concise." (n: verbosity)
vex
to annoy; to bother; to perplex; to puzzle; to debate at length: "Franklin vexed his brother with his controversial writings."
viscous
slow moving; highly resistant to flow: "Heintz commercials imply that their catsup is more viscous than others'." (n: viscosity)
volatile
explosive; fickle (n: volatility).
voracious
craving or devouring large quantities of food, drink, or other things. She is a voracious reader.
waver
to hesitate or to tremble
wretched
extremely pitiful or unfortunate (n: wretch)
zeal
enthusiastic devotion to a cause, ideal, or goal (n: zealot; zealoutry. adj: zealous)
plying v.
to keep giving someone something (esp. food, drink, menial tasks
cerements
pl. shround, burial cloths
go about on tenterhooks
to act warily, "on eggshells"
Gilles de Rais
Children bring about the not so latent Gilles de Rais in me.
plangent
\PLAN-juhnt\, adjective:1. Beating with a loud or deep sound, as, "the plangent wave." 2. Expressing sadness; plaintive. "One of those plangent autumn evenings…"
blench v.
To shirk, to cower, to cringe
anabasis n.
"a‧nab‧a‧sis  /əˈnæbəsɪs/
hegira
". Islam. Hijra.
crapulent
"crap‧u‧lent  /ˈkræpyələnt/ –adjective sick from gross excess in drinking or eating.
plying v.
to keep giving someone something (esp. food, drink, menial tasks
cerements
pl. shround, burial cloths
go about on tenterhooks
to act warily, "on eggshells"
Gilles de Rais
Children bring about the not so latent Gilles de Rais in me.
plangent
\PLAN-juhnt\, adjective:1. Beating with a loud or deep sound, as, "the plangent wave." 2. Expressing sadness; plaintive. "One of those plangent autumn evenings…"
blench v.
To shirk, to cower, to cringe
anabasis n.
" 1. a march from the coast into the interior, as that of Cyrus the Younger against Artaxerxes II, described by Xenophon in his historical work Anabasis (379–371 b.c.). 2. Literary. any military expedition or advance.
hegira
(lowercase) Also, hejira. any flight or journey to a more desirable or congenial place.
crapulent
" –adjective sick from gross excess in drinking or eating.