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1428 Cards in this Set

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admonitory
giving warning
adulate
adulate
adulterate
adulterate
adumbrate
to suggest
adoration
adoration
adjutant
adjutant
adjure
to try very hard to persuade sb to do sth
advisory
advisory
advisable
e.g. It is advisable to trust nobody.
eon (aeon)
An indefinitely long period of time; an age.
aerate
To supply with air or expose to the circulation of air: aerate soil.
aesthete
审美家, 唯美主义者
aesthetics
审美学
acquittal
n.
Judgment, as by a jury or judge, that a defendant is not guilty of a crime as charged.
The state of being found or proved not guilty.
acrimony
Bitter, sharp animosity, especially as exhibited in speech or behavior.
acrimonious
adj.
Bitter and sharp in language or tone; rancorous: an acrimonious debate between the two candidates.
acute
e.g. acute diseas
adage
proverb
addle
adj.
Bitter and sharp in language or tone; rancorous: an acrimonious debate between the two candidates.
addled
头脑混乱的
adduce
To cite as an example or means of proof in an argument.

e.g. all the evidence to be adduced at trial.
adept
good at doing sth that needs care and skills
adjudicate
v.tr.
To hear and settle (a case) by judicial procedure.
To study and settle (a dispute or conflict): The principal adjudicated our quarrel.
v.intr.
To act as a judge.

e.g. who will adjudicate this matter for us?
affable
friendly and esay to talk to

e.g. an effable guy
affectation
Artificial behavior adopted to impress others
假装, 虚饰, 做作
affected
not sincere or natural
affecting
Inspiring or capable of inspiring strong emotion; moving.
perfidy
n., pl. -dies.
Deliberate breach of faith; calculated violation of trust; treachery: “the fink, whose perfidy was equaled only by his gall” (Gilbert Millstein).
The act or an instance of treachery
affectionate
adj.
Having or showing fond feelings or affection; loving and tender
挚爱的
iniquity
wickedness

e.g. an iniquitious system of taxes that victimizes the poor.
iniquitious
wicked. very unfaire and morally wrong.

e.g. It always apperaed a most iniquitous scheme to me to fight ourselves
plunder
v.tr.
To rob of goods by force, especially in time of war; pillage: plunder a village.
To seize wrongfully or by force; steal: plundered the supplies.
antecedence
preceding in time
antedate
e.g. antedate a check
animus
n.
An attitude that informs one's actions; disposition.

A feeling of animosity; ill will.
animosity
an hostile feeling
antagonism
对立, 敌对
enmity
Deep-seated, often mutual hatred.
anorexia
n. Loss of appetite, especially as a result of disease.
dyslexia
difficulty to read
anodyne
adj.
Capable of soothing or eliminating pain.
Relaxing: anodyne novels about country life.
n.
A medicine, such as aspirin, that relieves pain.
A source of soothing comfort.
annul
nullify
analgesic
n.
A medication that reduces or eliminates pain.

adj.
Of or causing analgesia.
analgesia
n. 痛觉丧失, 无痛觉
denote
To mark; indicate: a frown that denoted increasing impatience.
To serve as a symbol or name for the meaning of; signify: A flashing yellow light denotes caution.
anguished
having agony
anathema
a curse
anchorite
seclude, hermit
ancillary
补助的, 副的, 助手, 助理, 附属物
Auxiliary; helping: an ancillary pump
anemone
海葵
altercation
n.
A vehement quarrel.
amalgam
汞齐, 汞合金, 混合物
amalgamate
to mix
amateurish
adj.
Characteristic of an amateur; not professional.
amorous
多情的, 表示爱情的, 恋爱的
Strongly attracted or disposed to love, especially sexual love.
Indicative of love or sexual desire: an amorous glance.
Of or associated with love: an amorous poem.
Being in love; enamored: He had been amorous of her since the day they met.
ambivalent
adj.
conflicting
Exhibiting or feeling ambivalence
ambivalence
n.
The coexistence of opposing attitudes or feelings, such as love and hate, toward a person, object, or idea.
Uncertainty or indecisiveness as to which course to follow.
alluvial
adj.
Of, relating to, or found in alluvium: alluvial soil; alluvial gold
alluvium
alluvial soil
allurement
sth that has allure
allopathy
A method of treating disease with remedies that produce effects different from those caused by the disease itself.

ant. homeopathy
homeopathy
ant. allopathy
allay
To reduce the intensity of; relieve: allay back pains
amplify
放大, 扩大, 增强, 扩展, 发挥, 详述
To write or discourse at length; expatiate: Let me amplify so that you will understand the overall problem.
anachronism
时代错误, 落伍的人或事物
amortize
to pay a debt by making regular payment
amble
vi. n.
To walk slowly or leisurely; stroll.
amiable
adj.
Friendly and agreeable in disposition; good-natured and likable.
amicable
adj.
Characterized by or exhibiting friendliness or goodwill; friendly.

Tutor's tip: When opposing sides are "amiable" (trying to be accommodating), they often quickly reach an "amicable" (suitable to both) agreement.
preamble
前文, 前言, 序文
.
A preliminary statement, especially the introduction to a formal document that serves to explain its purpose.
An introductory occurrence or fact; a preliminary.
e.g. It is a good idea to read the preamble of any important document so you will know the reason for the document being written.
amenable
Willing to change or submit.
e.g. Abby was amenable to the change in her work schedule.

responsible, accountable
Amenable implies being subject to the control of an authority and therefore the absence of complete autonomy: “There is no constitutional tribunal to which [the king] is amenable”
amenity
n., pl. -ties.
The quality of being pleasant or attractive; agreeableness.
Something that contributes to physical or material comfort.
A feature that increases attractiveness or value, especially of a piece of real estate or a geographic location.
e.g.
The fancy hotel offered every amenity.
amnesia
loss of memory
e.g. He suffered from temporary amnesia after the accident and could not remember anything for a while.
anarchy
e.g. The worst thing in the world next to anarchy is government
anarchic
Lacking order or control: an anarchic state of affairs in the office; an anarchic mobile sculpture

The new country was anarchic before they brought in the police.
antiquated
adj.
Too old to be fashionable, suitable, or useful; outmoded. See synonyms at old.
Very old; aged: “The antiquated Earth, as one might say,/Beat like the heart of Man” (William Wordsworth).
antiquity
古代, 古代的遗物, 古老
antidote
+ to, for or against
Is there a good antidote for rattlesnake venom?
anticipatory
in anticipation
antics
A mischievous act, often in plural.

What crazy antic is Sam up to now?
Tutor's tip: Parents are "antique" (a relic of older times) enough to be impatient with the "antics" (pranks) of teenagers.
antic
adj. - 嘩眾取寵的, 古怪的, 滑稽的
n. - 滑稽的動作, 古怪的姿勢
anthropoid
adj.
Resembling a human, especially in shape or outward appearance.
Of or belonging to the group of great apes of the family Pongidae, which includes the gorilla, chimpanzee, and orangutan.
Resembling or characteristic of an ape; apelike.
n.
An ape of the family Pongidae. Also called anthropoid ape.
anthology
adj.
Resembling a human, especially in shape or outward appearance.
Of or belonging to the group of great apes of the family Pongidae, which includes the gorilla, chimpanzee, and orangutan.
Resembling or characteristic of an ape; apelike.
n.
An ape of the family Pongidae. Also called anthropoid ape.

e.g. The author's first work appeared in an anthology.
anterior
The author's first work appeared in an anthology.

n.
Toward the front.

Dad's big leather chair was placed in the anterior of the living room.
antediluvian
adj.
Extremely old and antiquated.
e.g. The old hat was so ancient it appeared to be antediluvian
posterior
opp. anterior
amethyst
Karen's brother gave her an amethyst ring for her sixteenth birthday.
advert
intr.v., -vert·ed, -vert·ing, -verts.
To turn attention. Used with to: The board next adverted to compensation issues.
To call attention; refer. Used with to: He adverted to the problem in the opening paragraph. See synonyms at refer.

Tutor's tip: "Avert" (turn away) your eyes if you are frightened by blood, but "advert" (turn your attention to) the situation so you can assist the injured person.
antithetic (antithetical)
opposed to 对立的, 对偶的, 对照的
antithesis
对立
e.g. Love is the antithesis of hate.
antiseptic
Capable of preventing infection by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms.
Thoroughly clean; aseptic.
Of or associated with the use of antiseptics.

Free of disturbing or unpleasant features; sanitized: an antiseptic version of history.
n.
A substance that inhibits the growth and reproduction of disease-causing microorganisms.
aphasia
n. - Inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion.

Tutor's tip: "Aphagia" (inability to swallow) is worse than "aphasia" (inability to comprehend words), because you need to eat to survive.
aphagia
n. - Loss of the ability to swallow.

Tutor's tip: "Aphagia" (inability to swallow) is worse than "aphasia" (inability to comprehend words), because you need to eat to survive.
aperture
An opening, such as a hole, gap, or slit.

e.g. The liquid flowed through the aperture.
orifice
n.
An opening, especially to a cavity or passage of the body; a mouth or vent.
apathetic
n.
An opening, especially to a cavity or passage of the body; a mouth or vent.

e.g. Keb's apathetic mood was out of character for him.
aphorism
A short saying or proverb.

Victor's favorite aphorism is, "A penny saved is a penny earned."
apiculture
n.
The raising and care of bees for commercial or agricultural purposes
apiary
A place where bees and beehives are kept, especially a place where bees are raised for their honey.

Trudy was afraid to visit the apiary because she was allergic to bees.
Tutor's tip: The hum in an "apiary" (place where beehives are kept) is very different from the chirps and songs in an "aviary" (enclosure for birds).
aviary
Trudy was afraid to visit the apiary because she was allergic to bees.
Tutor's tip: The hum in an "apiary" (place where beehives are kept) is very different from the chirps and songs in an "aviary" (enclosure for birds).
aorta
大动脉The main trunk of the systemic arteries, carrying blood from the left side of the heart to the arteries of all limbs and organs except the lungs.
anvil
The main trunk of the systemic arteries, carrying blood from the left side of the heart to the arteries of all limbs and organs except the lungs.

e.g. In this world a man must be either anvil or hammer
apex
acme
n., pl. a·pex·es or a·pi·ces (ā'pĭ-sēz', ăp'ĭ-).
The highest point; the vertex: the apex of a triangle; the apex of a hill.
The point of culmination. See synonyms at summit.
The usually pointed end of an object; the tip: the apex of a leaf.
aplomb
n.
Self-confident assurance; poise
e.g. Christine started her new job filled with aplomb.
apocalyptic
prophetic of devastation or ultimate doom.
apocalypse
Great or total devastation; doom: the apocalypse of nuclear war.
A prophetic disclosure; a revelation.
启示, 天启
apocrypha
伪经, 新约外传, 伪书
apocryphal
作者不明的, 经外书的, 伪的
adj.
Of questionable authorship or authenticity.
Erroneous; fictitious: “Wildly apocryphal rumors about starvation in Petrograd . . . raced through Russia's trenches”
apogee
opp. perigee
perigee
opp. apogee
apologetic
adj. 认错的, 道歉的, 辩护的, 辩解的, 愧悔的,
n. 辩护
apostasy
., pl. -sies.
Abandonment of one's religious faith, a political party, one's principles, or a cause
apostate
n.
One who has abandoned one's religious faith, a political party, one's principles, or a cause.
apotheosis
尊奉为神, 美化, 神化, 崇拜
expropriate
剥夺, 征用, 没收
To deprive of possession: expropriated the property owners who lived in the path of the new highway.
To transfer (another's property) to oneself.
aquatic
水上的, 水生的, 水中的, 水生动物, 水草
aqueduct
e.g. During the drought, the aqueduct was dry.
aquiline
adj.
Of, relating to, or having the characteristics of an eagle.
Curved or hooked like an eagle's beak: an aquiline nose.
arabesque
阿拉伯式花纹, 蔓藤花纹, 阿拉伯式图案的
n.
A ballet position in which the dancer bends forward while standing on one straight leg with the arm extended forward and the other arm and leg extended backward.
A complex, ornate design of intertwined floral, foliate, and geometric figures.
Music. An ornate, whimsical composition especially for piano.
An intricate or elaborate pattern or design: “the fluctuating shapes of a cloudscape, the complex arabesque of a camera movement, the blink of a character's eye” (Nigel Andrews).
arbiter
n.
One chosen or appointed to judge or decide a disputed issue; an arbitrator.
One who has the power to judge or ordain at will: an arbiter of fashion.

e.g. Shall we ask Mr. Francis to be the arbiter?
arbitrate
公断, 仲裁
arbitrator
the person who arbitrates
acarpous
adj. Botany.
Producing no fruit; sterile.
Having no fruit.

rem: a+car+po破+us
alacrity
alacrity“阿啦+cry+it+y”

n.
Cheerful willingness; eagerness.
Speed or quickness; celerity.

n
Definition: liveliness; promptness
Antonyms: apathy, aversion, disinclination, dullness, indifference, reluctance, slowness, unwillingness
albino
白化变种, 白化病者, 白公

rem:“俺病喏”
anticlimax
突降法, 令人扫兴的结尾, 虎头蛇尾
A decrease in the importance of an event or saying.
e.g. The movie was great until it reached a disappointing anticlimax
apothecary
n., pl. -ies.
One that prepares and sells drugs and other medicines; a pharmacist.
e.g. Check with the apothecary before you mix your medicines.
appellation
名称, 称呼
A particular, identifying name.
e.g. Instead of being known as Miss Mary Jones, Mary yearned for a unique appellation.
arcane
adj.
Known or understood by only a few: arcane economic theories.

神秘的, 不可思议的
Arcane applies to what is hidden from general knowledge:

rem: ar+CAN+e原来“是”“可以”的→神秘
archipelago
1.A large group of islands: the Philippine archipelago.
2.A sea, such as the Aegean, containing a large number of scattered islands.
群岛, 多岛海
artifice
n.
An artful or crafty expedient; a stratagem. See synonyms at wile.
Subtle but base deception; trickery.
Cleverness or skill; ingenuity.
诡计, 技巧, 巧妙

rem: arti+face←诡计有着
arbor
A place shaded by trees.

e.g. It's lovely to sit and read in the arbor.
arboreal
adj.
Relating to or resembling a tree.
Living in trees; arboreous: arboreal apes.
e.g. The garden had a special section devoted to arboreal splendors.
arboretum
树园, 植物园
archery
射术
archer
the person who plays archery
archetype
prototype
arduous
involving a lot of strength and effort.
Very difficult; hard.

e.g. Clearing the pasture was arduous work.
ardent
Very difficult; hard.

Clearing the pasture was arduous work.

Passionate; enthusiastic.

His ardent efforts were rewarded.
ardor
Intense affection; passion.

e.g. Her suitors pursued her with ardor.
wraith
A mental representation of some haunting experience.

We thought we saw a wraith in the window as we passed by the old abandoned mansion on the edge of town.
生魂, 幽灵, 死灵
apparition
A spirit or ghost.

e.g. Was there an apparition in the attic?
appendage
Something added or attached to an entity of greater importance or size; an adjunct.
appeal
n. v.
1. To make an earnest or urgent request:
2. To make application to a higher authority, as to a court of law:
3.To direct or impel to oneself by some quality or action: allure, attract, draw, entice, lure, magnetize, take.

诉请, 求助, 要求, 对...上诉, 将...上诉, 请求, 呼吁, 上诉, 感染力, 吸引力, 诉诸裁判
appealing
attractive
appeasement
n.
n.

An act of appeasing.
The condition of being appeased.
appease
v.
to make sb less angry or stop them from attaching you by giving them what they want
appetizing
adj.
开胃的
apposite
adj.
Strikingly appropriate and relevant.
贴切的, 适当的
appreciable
adj.
Possible to estimate, measure, or perceive: appreciable changes in temperature.
可感知的, 可评估的
What is appreciable is capable of being estimated or measured
apprise
To give notice to; inform, advise: apprised us of our rights
obliging
adj.
Ready to do favors for others; accommodating
approbation
n.
An expression of warm approval; praise.
Official approval
认可, 许可, 核准, 赞许
approbatory
adjective

Serving to compliment: acclamatory, commendatory, complimentary, congratulatory, laudatory
almanac
历书, 年鉴
aria
独唱曲, 咏叹调, 抒情调
A solo vocal piece with instrumental accompaniment, as in an opera.
e.g. The soprano missed the cue to begin the aria.
Tutor's tip: A soprano may sing an "aria" (operatic solo) in an outdoor "area" (extent of space) in the summertime
aristocrat
n.
A member of a ruling class or of the nobility.
A person having the tastes, manners, or other characteristics of the aristocracy: a natural aristocrat who insists on the best accommodations.
A person who advocates government by an aristocracy.
One considered the best of its kind: the aristocrat of cars.
贵族, 持贵族观点的人, 主张贵族统治者, 具贵族气派的人, 佼佼者
A member of the upper class.

e.g. The lady of the manor was truly an aristocrat.
autocrat
n.
A ruler having unlimited power; a despot.
A person with unlimited power or authority: a corporate autocrat.

One who has his or her own authority or influence.

e.g. Instead of being a diplomat, Mr. Bennings was more of an autocrat.
patrician
n. - 貴族
adj. - 貴族的
e.g. Many of the patrician men and women attended the meeting of the parliament
armada
n.
A fleet of warships.
A large group of moving things: an armada of ants crossing the lawn.
The full armada docked at the port.
flotilla
小舰队, 小型船队
A small fleet.
A fleet of small craft.
armistice
A temporary cessation of fighting by mutual consent; a truce.

e.g. The leaders of both countries agreed to the armistice.
truce
休战, 休止, 休战协定, 以休战结束, 停战
A state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms.

When envoys are sent with compliments in their mouths, it is a sign that the enemy wishes for a truce. — Sun Tzu (500 BC)
arrogate
诈称, 僭越, 霸占
Seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; Demand as being one's due or property; Make undue claims to having.

Tutor's tip: To "abrogate" means to abolish or do away with something, while to "arrogate" means to improperly claim for oneself.
artifact
人工制品, 矫作物, 加工品, 艺术品 An inaccurate observation, effect, or result, especially one resulting from the technology used in scientific investigation or from experimental error: The apparent pattern in the data was an artifact of the collection method
artless
opp. artful

Having or displaying no guile, cunning, or deceit. See synonyms at naive.
Free of artificiality; natural: artless charm.
Lacking art, knowledge, or skill; uncultured and ignorant.
Poorly made or done; crude.

e.g. an artless girl
ascendancy
Dominance; strong influence or control.

e.g. The president used ascendancy to sway the voters.
ascertain
确定, 探知
To find out, to be sure of.

Nadine tried to ascertain the hidden meaning of the poem.
ascertic
adj. - 苦己的, 苦行的, 修道的
n. - 禁欲者, 修道者
e.g.Brother Sebastian lived an ascetic existence.
Tutor's tip: Vinegar like substances are considered to be "acetic." An "ascetic" is one who lives with self-denial for spiritual or religious purposes.
asceticism
n.
being ascetic
assault
sudden strong attach

e.g. He led an assault against the castle.
assail
To attack with or as if with violent blows; assault.
To attack verbally, as with ridicule or censure.
assuage
缓和, 减轻, 镇定
To reduce fear, excitement, pain, or disease.

Gaining knowledge can help assuage fear.
assiduity
勤勉
assert
To state or express positively; affirm: asserted his innocence.
To defend or maintain (one's rights, for example).
assertive
断定的, 过分自信的
Inclined to bold or confident assertion; aggressively self-assured.
assent
opp. dissent
v. 同意, 赞成
attune + to
To bring into a harmonious or responsive relationship: an industry that is not attuned to market demands

Are you attune to new ways of thinking?
inure to
attune to

To habituate to something undesirable, especially by prolonged subjection; accustom: “Though the food became no more palatable, he soon became sufficiently inured to it”
acclimate
inure to, attune to
To accustom or become accustomed to a new environment or situation; adapt.
contrition
n.
Sincere remorse for wrongdoing; repentance.
audition
A trial performance, as by an actor, dancer, or musician, to demonstrate suitability or skill
auditory
耳朵的, 听到的, 听觉的
When Sam had trouble hearing, his doctor ordered some auditory tests.
Tutor's tip: An "auditor" (one who examines accounts) may concentrate better if he or she has poor "auditory" (relating to the sense of hearing) ability.
atrophy
n.v.
to become weak or make sth become weak because of lack of using blood

e.g. The disease atrophied her legs.

A wasting away, deterioration, or diminution: e.g. intellectual atrophy
attainment
A wasting away, deterioration, or diminution: intellectual atrophy
attentive
Giving care or attention; watchful: attentive to detail.

Marked by or offering devoted and assiduous attention to the pleasure or comfort of others. See synonyms at thoughtful.
attenuate
to make thin, weak, slender
habiliments
attire, costume, apparel
garret
n.
A room on the top floor of a house, typically under a pitched roof; an attic, a loft
aspirant
有抱负者
asphyxia
n. 窒息
A condition in which an extreme decrease in the concentration of oxygen in the body accompanied by an increase in the concentration of carbon dioxide leads to loss of consciousness or death.
asphyxiate
v. tr. - 使窒息
v. intr. - 窒息
To stop the breathing of: choke, smother, stifle, suffocate
asperity
Roughness or harshness, as of surface, sound, or climate: the asperity of northern winters.
Severity; rigor.
Harshness of manner; ill temper or irritability.

Sharpness; toughness.

Harriet's words were full of asperity.
aspersion
An assault on a person's character or reputation.

Thomas threw one aspersion after another at Michael
asinine
extremely stupid of silly
e.g. asinine behavior
dunce
n.
A stupid person; a dolt.
doltish
adj.
asinine
astigmatism
散光
astigmatic
adj. 散光的
stigmatize
给...带来耻辱, 指责, 污辱, 指称

To identify as disgraceful.

If he listens to gossip, he has a tendency to stigmatize others without proof.
astray
adj.
a + stray

go astray 走失, 迷路, 走入歧途
send astray 把...引入歧途
astringent
as·trin·gent (ə-strĭn'jənt)
adj.
Medicine. Tending to draw together or constrict tissues; styptic.
Sharp and penetrating; pungent or severe: astringent remarks.
n.
A substance or preparation, such as alum, that draws together or constricts body tissues and is effective in stopping the flow of blood or other secretions.
astrolabe
星盘
astrology
占星术, 占星学
astute
shrewd
Having a keen, sharp mind.

Rosa was very astute when it came to writing comedy sketches.
asunder
adv.
Having a keen, sharp mind.

Rosa was very astute when it came to writing comedy sketches.
pantheism
多神崇拜
athletics
体育运动, 竞技, 体育
Activities, such as sports, exercises, and games, that require physical skill and stamina.
The principles or system of training and practice for such activities.
atonal
(音乐)无调的
adj. Music.
Lacking a tonal center or key; characterized by atonality.
monotone
单调
atone
To make amends, as for a sin or fault: These crimes must be atoned for.
补偿, 弥补, 赎回, 赎
He is anxious to atone for his thoughtlessness.
atonement
n.
补偿, 弥补, 赎回, 赎
expiate
v.tr.
To make amends or reparation for; atone: expiate one's sins by acts of penance.

v.intr.
To make amends; atone.
auger
大锥, 螺丝钻
augury
占兆, 占卜, 预言
The art, ability, or practice of auguring; divination.
A sign of something coming; an omen: “The chartist buys when the auguries look favorable and sells on bad omens”
The practice of reading signs or omens.

Linda delved into augury before making plans for her vacation.
auricular
Of or relating to the sense of hearing or the organs of hearing.
Perceived by or spoken into the ear: an auricular confession.
Shaped like an ear or an earlobe; having earlike parts or extensions.
Of or relating to an auricle of the heart: auricular fibrillation.
auricle
n. 外耳
adj. auricular
aural
1. 耳的, 听到的, 听觉的

2. 气味的
aurora
曙光, 奥罗拉, 极光
auspicious
opp. sinister
conspicuous
Easy to see; remarkable.

An inability to stay quiet is one of the conspicuous failings of mankind
auspice(s)
also auspices Protection or support; patronage.
A sign indicative of future prospects; an omen: Auspices for the venture seemed favorable.
austere
Severe or stern in disposition or appearance; somber and grave: the austere figure of a Puritan minister.
Strict or severe in discipline; ascetic: a desert nomad's austere life. See synonyms at severe.
Having no adornment or ornamentation; bare: an austere style.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin austērus, from Greek austēros.]
austerity
n.
being austere
authoritative
权威的, 命令式的, 有权威的
adj.
Having or arising from authority; official: an authoritative decree; authoritative sources.
Of acknowledged accuracy or excellence; highly reliable: an authoritative account of the revolution.
Wielding authority; commanding: the captain's authoritative manner.
autocracy
独裁政体
automatism
n.

The state or quality of being automatic.
Automatic mechanical action.
auxin
n.
Any of several plant hormones that regulate various functions, including cell elongation.
生产素
avarice
n.
Immoderate desire for wealth; cupidity

Greed or passion for money or riches.

Misers are filled with avarice.
avaricious
adj.
showing avarice
cupidity
n.
Excessive desire, especially for wealth; covetousness or avarice
aver
To affirm positively; declare.
averse + to
Having a feeling of opposition, distaste, or aversion; strongly disinclined: investors who are averse to taking risks.

Tasha was of an averse opinion.
Tutor's tip: An "adverse" event is an unfavorable occurrence to which a gossip often "adverts" (calls attention to). Fortunately, most people are "averse" (strongly opposed) to talking about a friend's bad luck.
aversion + to
n. being averse
avert
e.g. avert an accident
To turn away; to keep something from happening.

Maria tried not to avert her eyes from the road while she was driving.
aviatrix
A woman who operates an aircraft; a woman pilot.
avid
adj.
1.Having an ardent desire or unbounded craving; greedy: avid for adventure.
2.Marked by keen interest and enthusiasm: an avid sports fan.

an avid reader
He is avid for praise.
avocation
副业, 嗜好
avow
To acknowledge openly, boldly, and unashamedly; confess: avow guilt. See synonyms at acknowledge.
To state positively.
avowal
n.
A frank admission or acknowledgment.
avuncular
伯父的, 伯父似的
awe-inspiring
令人敬畏的
awl
n.
A pointed tool for making holes, as in wood or leather
awry
go awry

adv.
In a position that is turned or twisted toward one side; askew.
Away from the correct course; amiss.

adv.
In a position that is turned or twisted toward one side; askew.
Away from the correct course; amiss.
askew
adj. adv.
awry
amiss
adj. - 出差錯的, 有毛病的
adv. - 錯誤地, 不稱心地, 不順當地, 不對頭地, 不恰當地
awry, askew
axiomatic
自明的
Of, relating to, or resembling an axiom; self-evident: “It's axiomatic in politics that voters won't throw out a presidential incumbent unless they think his challenger will clean house”
axle
A rod on which wheels turn.

The car had a broken axle.
axial
adj. adj.
Relating to, characterized by, or forming an axis.
Located on, around, or in the direction of an axis.
axil
The upper angle between a lateral organ, such as a leafstalk, and the stem that bears it.
babble
opp. articulate
v.n.
The upper angle between a lateral organ, such as a leafstalk, and the stem that bears it.
bumble
1. 笨拙地进行, 踉跄, 笨手笨脚地做, 弄糟, 搞坏
bumble about 結結巴巴的說話
bacchannal
n. - 酒神的信徒, 狂飲作樂, 酒神節
adj. - 酒神的, 放縱的, 酒神節的
bacchanalian
狂欢的, 行为放纵的
insignia
badge
tachometer
速度记
odometer, barometer
baron
One having great wealth, power, and influence in a specified sphere of activity: an oil baron.
barn
谷仓
magnate
n.
A powerful or influential person, especially in business or industry: an oil magnate
baroque
n. adj. Extravagant, complex, or bizarre, especially in ornamentation: “the baroque, encoded language of post-structural legal and literary theory”
巴洛克式的, 怪异的, 怪诞的, 巴洛克风格, 巴洛克式
barter
物物交换
bashful
shy, abashed
害羞的
basson
低音管
baste
1. 在...上涂油脂

2. 狠揍, 毒打, 痛斥, 大骂

3. To sew loosely with large running stitches so as to hold together temporarily.
e.g. I'll just baste the shirt collar and sleeves on until we can do a fitting
baton
官杖, 权杖, 军乐队用指挥杖, 警棒, 指挥棒, 接力棒
truncheon
truncheon
n.
A short stick carried by police; a billy club.
A staff carried as a symbol of office or authority; a baton.
bauble
n.
A small, showy ornament of little value; a trinket.
bauxite
The principal ore of aluminum, composed mainly of hydrous aluminum oxides and aluminum hydroxides.
bawl
shriek
Cry loudly; Make a raucous noise; Shout loudly and without restraint.

Tutor's tip: Everyone heard him "bawl" (loud outcry) at the "ball" (formal party with dancing) when his partner stepped on his toe.
brawl
n.
A noisy quarrel or fight.
A loud party.
A loud, roaring noise.
bazaar
plazaar
beacon
. a fire or light set up in a high or prominent position as a warning, signal, or celebration.

2. a light or other visible object serving as a signal, warning, or guide, especially at sea or on an airfield.

3. a radio transmitter whose signal helps to fix the position of a ship, aircraft, or spacecraft.
beam
大梁
aperture
a small hole or space in sth used for a particular purpose
badger
獾, 獾皮毛, 困扰, 纠缠
To harass or pester persistently. See synonyms at harass

To badger is to nag or tease persistently: The child badgered his parents for a new bicycle.
pester
harass, badger
pester sb. to do sth

To pester is to inflict a succession of petty annoyances: “How she would have pursued and pestered me with questions and surmises.
baffle
v.
使困惑, 难倒
baffling
adj。
令人困惑的
bale
大包, 大捆
They need one bale of hay to put on the floor of the barn.

Evil: “Tidings of bale she brought” (William Cullen Bryant).
Mental suffering; anguish: “Relieve my spirit from the bale that bows it down”
baleful
Portending evil; ominous. See synonyms at sinister.
Harmful or malignant in intent or effect.
ballad
A poem or song that tells a story.

There is one long ballad sung about how the castle was saved.
ballast
压载物, 压舱物, 给...装压舱物, 给...铺道渣, 使稳定
ballerina
n.
A principal woman dancer in a ballet company.
A woman ballet dancer.
ballroom
n.
A large room for dancing.
balm
sth. that gives you comfort
香油, 安慰物, 香膏
balmy
Having the quality or fragrance of balm; soothing.
Mild and pleasant: a balmy breeze.
Pleasant; peaceful; mild.

The day of the picnic turned out to be wonderfully balmy.
1. 温和的, 柔和的, 芬芳的, 芳香的, 宜人的

2. 镇痛的
banality
A trite expression or idea: bromide, cliché, commonplace, platitude, stereotype, truism. See surprise/expect.
bane
克星, 祸根, 毁灭, 灾害, 死亡
Fatal injury or ruin: “Hath some fond lover tic'd thee to thy bane?” (George Herbert).

A cause of harm, ruin, or death: “Obedience,/Bane of all genius, virtue, freedom, truth,/Makes slaves of men” (Percy Bysshe Shelley).
A source of persistent annoyance or exasperation: “The spellings of foreign names are often the bane of busy copy editors” (Norm Goldstein).
A deadly poison.
baneful
Causing harm or ruin; destructive.

The forest fire had baneful consequences on the deer population.
banister
handrail
barbed
Having barbs.
Cutting; stinging: barbed criticism; barbed statements
有刺的, 讽刺的, 尖刻的
barbarity
n.
残暴, 残忍
barbarous
adj.
残暴的, 残忍的
barge
n. 驳船
beatitude
Supreme blessedness or happiness.
至福, 祝福
beatific
adj.
Showing or producing exalted joy or blessedness: a beatific smile.
beaver
海狸
bedraggled
Showing signs of wear and tear or neglect
全身泥污的, 荒废的, 满身湿透的
beet
甜菜
beget
e.g. Hunger begets crimes
To father; sire.
To cause to exist or occur; produce: Violence begets more violence.
begrudge
吝惜, 羡慕, 嫉妒
To envy the possession or enjoyment of: She begrudged him his youth. See synonyms at envy.
To give or expend with reluctance: begrudged every penny spent.
beguile
To deceive by guile; delude. See synonyms at deceive.
To take away from by or as if by guile; cheat: a disease that has beguiled me of strength.
To distract the attention of; divert: “to beguile you from the grief of a loss so overwhelming” (Abraham Lincoln).
To pass (time) pleasantly.
To amuse or charm; delight.
beguiling
attractive and interesting, but often in a way that deceived you

deceiving
behold
看到, 注视, 看
See with attention.

Behold the turtle. He makes progress only when he sticks his neck out.

To look upon; gaze at: We beheld a beautiful vista before us
beholder
sb. beholds
belabour
To attack with blows; hit, beat, or whip. See synonyms at beat.
To assail verbally.
To discuss repeatedly or at length; harp on: Don't belabor the point.


Meaning #2: beat soundly
Synonym: belabor


Meaning #3: attack verbally with harsh criticism
beleaguer
To harass; beset: We are beleaguered by problems.
To surround with troops; besiege.
besiege
To surround with hostile forces.
To crowd around; hem in.
To harass or importune, as with requests: Reporters besieged the winner for interviews.
To cause to feel distressed or worried: She was besieged by problems.

To crowd around or make many demands on someone.

The fans excitedly besieged the escaping musicians in an attempt to get their autographs.
Tutor's tip: If they "besiege" (surround an enemy) us, we will "beseech" (beg, plead) them for our lives.
beseech
conjure, adjure

To address an earnest or urgent request to; implore: beseech them for help.
To request earnestly; beg for: beseech help
entreat
To ask earnestly.

If it starts to rain, the children will entreat their mother nonstop about being able to go out to jump in the puddles.
belie
To give a false representation to; misrepresent: “He spoke roughly in order to belie his air of gentility” (James Joyce).
To show to be false; contradict: Their laughter belied their outward grief.
belittle
To think, represent, or speak of as small or unimportant: decry, denigrate, deprecate, depreciate, derogate, detract, discount, disparage, downgrade, minimize, run down, slight, talk down. Idioms: makelightlittleof.
belligerent
Belligerent refers to a tendency to hostile behavior: A belligerent reporter badgered the politician. Bellicose and pugnacious suggest a natural disposition to fight: “All successful newspapers are ceaselessly querulous and bellicose”
bellicose
Belligerent refers to a tendency to hostile behavior: A belligerent reporter badgered the politician. Bellicose and pugnacious suggest a natural disposition to fight: “All successful newspapers are ceaselessly querulous and bellicose”
pugnacious
Belligerent refers to a tendency to hostile behavior: A belligerent reporter badgered the politician. Bellicose and pugnacious suggest a natural disposition to fight: “All successful newspapers are ceaselessly querulous and bellicose”
A good litigator needs a pugnacious intellect.
benediction
Blessing.

There is usually a benediction at the end of our church service.

Definition: closing prayer
Antonyms: anathema, execration
valedition
告别, 临别赠言, 告别辞
malediction
opp. blessing, benediction
benefactor
n.
the person who gives benefits to others
beneficiary
n.
person who receives benefits
benign
仁慈的, 良性的, 亲切的, 有利的
opp. malign
benignity
n.
being benign
benevolent
opp. malevolent
kind and generous
beneficent
benevolent, benign

opp. maleficent
malign
opp benign
betray
bespeak

Her red face betrayed her nevousness.
bevy
A group of animals or birds, especially larks or quail. See synonyms at flock1.
A group or an assemblage: a bevy of beauties.
bibliography
bibliography

书志学, 参考书目, 目录学
bibulous
Given to or marked by the consumption of alcoholic drink: a bibulous fellow; dipsomania

a bibulous evening.
Very absorbent, as paper or soil.
dipsomania
bibulous

liking to drink too much alcohol
bifurcate
To split or divide into two branches.

The river bifurcated as it reached the ocean.
bigot
n.
One who is strongly partial to one's own group, religion, race, or politics and is intolerant of those who differ.


A narrow-minded person who is intolerant of beliefs other than his or her own.

The mind of a bigot is like the pupil of the eye: The more light you pour upon it, the more it will contract. — Oliver Wendell Holmes
bigotry
n.
bigoted
adj.
havign too strong opinions about race, religion, or politics that you are unwilling to listen to anyone else's opinions
bilious
胆汁质的, 坏脾气的
bestow
1.To present as a gift or an honor; confer: bestowed high praise on the winners.
2.To place or stow: “He bestowed [the money]in his pockets with feigned composure” (James Joyce).
3.To store or house.

To present as a gift or honor.

I was surprised to hear her bestow such high praise on the graduating students.
bespeak
betray, to be a sign of sth
bequeath
Law. To leave or give (personal property) by will.
To pass (something) on to another; hand down: bequeathed to their children a respect for hard work.
bequest
n.
The act of giving, leaving by will, or passing on to another.
Something that is bequeathed; a legacy.
berate
To rebuke or scold angrily and at length.

scold sharply
bereave
To leave desolate or alone, especially by death: “Cry aloud for the man who is dead, for the woman and children bereaved” (Alan Paton).
Archaic. To take (something valuable or necessary), typically by force.
bereft
adj + of

Deprived of something: They are bereft of their dignity.
Lacking something needed or expected: “Today's graduates seem keenly aware that the future is bereft of conventional expectations” (Bruce Weber).
Suffering the death of a loved one; bereaved: the bereft parents.
berserk
go uncontrolably wild
blotch
blotch
blockade
blockade
blowhard
blowhard
blunder
blunder
bode
bode
bodement
预示
boggle
To hesitate as if in fear or doubt.
To shy away or be overcome with fright or astonishment: “The mind now boggling at all the numbers on the table, both sides agreed to a recess of an hour” (Henry A. Kissinger).
To act ineptly or inefficiently; bungle.
bore
To make a hole in or through, with or as if with a drill.

cause weariness, disinterest
Antonyms: amuse, charm, excite, interest, please
bounteous
very generous
boudoir
boudoir
botanical
botanical
botany
botany
boor
boor
boorish
boorish
churl
A rude, boorish person. See synonyms at boor.
A miserly person.
bonnet
bonnet
bombast
夸大的言辞
bombastic
夸大的言辞的
bolt
bolt
bolster
bolster + up
bolted
bolted 脱离的
blunder
blunder
blowhard
blowhard
botch
botch
bombastic
pompous
bombast
bombast
bonnet
bonnet
bonny
Physically attractive or appealing; pretty.
Excellent.

adj. - Very pleasing to the eye.

Tutor's tip: The "bonny" (beautiful) child was no longer "bony" (lean, scrawny).
buggy
A baby carriage
bug
窃听器
bucolic
connected with the countryside
brusque
Abrupt and curt in manner or speech; discourteously blunt.

Definition: curt, surly
Antonyms: courteous, kind, polite, tactful

Definition: curt, surly
Antonyms: courteous, kind, polite, tactful
budge
To move or stir slightly: The trapped child was stuck tight and couldn't budge.
To alter a position or attitude: had made the decision and wouldn't budge
browse
To feed on leaves, young shoots, and other vegetation; graze.

n.
Young twigs, leaves, and shoots that are fit for animals to eat.
An act of browsing.
brook
1.little river
2.To put up with; tolerate: We will brook no further argument.
brood
n. - 一窩, 一伙
v. tr. - 孵, 沈思
v. intr. - 孵蛋, 沈思, 考慮, 抱窩似地靜坐, 憂傷, 擔憂
adj. - 為繁殖而飼養的

To focus the attention on a subject persistently and moodily; worry: brooded over the insult for several days.
sleet
A mixture of rain and snow or hail.

diff. blizzard
blithe
欢乐的, 无忧无虑的, 快活的, 漫不经心的
Carefree and lighthearted.
Lacking or showing a lack of due concern; casual: spoke with blithe ignorance of the true situation
blight
v.n.
n.

Any of numerous plant diseases resulting in sudden conspicuous wilting and dying of affected parts, especially young, growing tissues.
The condition or causative agent, such as a bacterium, fungus, or virus, that results in blight.
An extremely adverse environmental condition, such as air pollution.
Something that impairs growth, withers hopes and ambitions, or impedes progress and prosperity.
bliss
Extreme happiness; ecstasy.
The ecstasy of salvation; spiritual joy.
blemish
vt.
To mar or impair by a flaw.

n.
An imperfection that mars or impairs; a flaw or defect.

A blemish is something thought to mar the appearance or character of a thing:
bleachers
露天座位
blatant
1.Offensively loud and insistent: boisterous, clamorous, obstreperous, strident, vociferous. Informal loudmouthed. 2.Characterized by or done without shame: bald-faced, barefaced, brazen, brazenfaced, shameless, unabashed, unblushing

Antonyms: inconspicuous, quiet, subtle, unpronounced

e.g. a blatant abuse of power
blatant discrimination
blasphemy
irreverence
Antonyms: godliness, piety, religion, religiousness, reverence
blasphemous
Showing irreverence and contempt for something sacred: profane, sacrilegious.

Irreverence toward what is considered sacred.

The poster on the wall was blasphemous.
blare (out)
高声鸣叫
blandish
1. To coax by flattery or wheedling; cajole

2. To compliment excessively and ingratiatingly: adulate, butter up, flatter, honey, slaver.
blandishments
n.
To coax or cajole by flattery.

It was only with a lot of blandishment that we got the keys to the car.
cajole
v. coax

cajole sb. into doing sth.

to gradually persuade sb to do sth by being nice etc.
blanch
To turn white or become pale: Their faces blanched in terror.
birch
桦树
bout
a bout ofinfluenza
a wrestling bout
bovine
adj.牛的, 迟钝的, 牛科动物

Of, relating to, or resembling a ruminant mammal of the genus Bos, such as an ox, cow, or buffalo.
Sluggish, dull, and stolid.
bower
A shaded, leafy recess; an arbor.
A woman's private chamber in a medieval castle; a boudoir.
A rustic cottage; a country retreat.
1. 树荫处, 村舍, 凉亭, 遮荫棚, 卧室, 闺房, 使成为遮荫之处, 围住

2. 船首锚, 船首锚锚链
brawny
Strong and muscular.

If you eat lots of spinach like Popeye, you should grow up to be big and brawny.

肌肉结实的, 顽强的
brazier
1. 火盆
breach
An opening, a tear, or a rupture.
A gap or rift, especially in or as if in a solid structure such as a dike or fortification.
A violation or infraction, as of a law, a legal obligation, or a promise.
A breaking up or disruption of friendly relations; an estrangement.
破坏, 违反, 破裂, 侵害, 裂痕, 冲破, 突破, 撕裂, 跳出水面
broach
To bring up (a subject) for discussion or debate.
To announce: We broached our plans for the new year.
To pierce in order to draw off liquid: broach a keg of beer.
To draw off (a liquid) by piercing a hole in a cask or other container.
brimful
充满的,
bridle
n. 马笼头
…抑制, 控制 control, check
curb
bromide
A binary compound of bromine with another element, such as silver.
Potassium bromide.

A commonplace remark or notion; a platitude. See synonyms at cliché.
A tiresome person; a bore.
cacophony
a lound unpleasant mixture of sounds
cadaver
A dead body, especially one intended for dissection
cadaverous
Suggestive of death; corpselike: a cadaverous odor.

Of corpselike pallor; pallid: “I saw a cadaverous face appear at a small window” (Charles Dickens).
Emaciated; gaunt: a cadaverous mongrel picking through the garbage.
Resembling a corpse.

The hikers looked cadaverous after they were found a week later.
gaunt
cadaverous
decadent
Being in a state of decline or decay.
Marked by or providing unrestrained gratification; self-indulgent
adj. - 墮落的, 衰落的, 頹廢的, 頹廢期的
n. - 墮落者, 頹廢派藝術家, 頹廢者
cadence
抑扬顿挫, 韵律, 节奏
cadet
A student at a military school who is training to be an officer.

A younger son or brother.
A youngest son.
callous
Having calluses; toughened: callous skin on the elbow.
Emotionally hardened; unfeeling: a callous indifference to the suffering of others.
callus
callow
young and without experience, immature

a callow young man.
calumny
slander, aspersion

A false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation.
The utterance of maliciously false statements; slander
calumniate
To make maliciously or knowingly false statements about.

Slander and calumniate apply to oral expression: He slandered his political opponent. She calumniated and ridiculed her former employer.
canard
a deliberately false report or pieces of news
canary
1。金丝雀,
2。A woman singer (slang)
cannibal
n.
A person who eats the flesh of other humans.
An animal that feeds on others of its own kind
cannibalism
同类相食
bulb
植物的球茎
bulbous
又胖又圆的
bugle
军号
bilge
船底, 无聊的话, 船底污水, 膨胀, 船底漏水
bulge
he bulged his cheeks
bullion
Gold or silver considered with respect to quantity rather than value.
Gold or silver in the form of bars, ingots, or plates.
minatory
adj.
Of a menacing or threatening nature; minacious.
minacious, threatening
bulwark
堡垒, 保障
bumblebee
大黄蜂
buoy
v. to make sb feel happier or more confident
e.g. buoyed up with new hope.

n. 浮标, 救生圈
buoyant
易浮的, 快乐的
burlesque
A literary or dramatic work that ridicules a subject either by presenting a solemn subject in an undignified style or an inconsequential subject in a dignified style. See synonyms at caricature.

A caricature grossly exaggerates a distinctive or striking feature with intent to ridicule: drew a caricature of the politician. Burlesque, which usually denotes a dramatic work, suggests outlandish mimicry and broad comedy to provoke laughter: a burlesque playing at the theater.
burly
adj., -li·er, -li·est.
Heavy, strong, and muscular; husky.
Antonyms: light, slim, small, thin
e.g. The champ was scared when the burly boxer entered the ring.
caricature
n.
A caricature grossly exaggerates a distinctive or striking feature with intent to ridicule: drew a caricature of the politician. Burlesque, which usually denotes a dramatic work, suggests outlandish mimicry and broad comedy to provoke laughter: a burlesque playing at the theater.
burg
A city or town: “There are no more opportunities for you in this burg” (Damon Runyon).
burnish
polish
bust
胸像, 半身像, 胸围, 胸部

2. 使爆裂, 使断裂, 弄坏, 打破, 使破产, 爆裂, 坏掉, 破产, 失败, 殴打, 逮捕, 破了产的, 损坏了的, 垮了的
buttress
n.
A structure, usually brick or stone, built against a wall for support or reinforcement.
Something resembling a buttress, as:
The flared base of certain tree trunks.
A horny growth on the heel of a horse's hoof.
Something that serves to support, prop, or reinforce: “The law is by its very nature a buttress of the status quo”

To support or reinforce with a buttress.
To sustain, prop, or bolster: “The author buttresses her analysis with lengthy dissections of several of Moore's poems”
tress
一绺头发,n.
A long lock or ringlet of hair.

a hairdo formed by braiding or twisting the hair
Synonyms: braid, plait, twist
buxom
Having a plump or healthy form; attractive and large-chested (usually a woman).

The pearl necklace looked beautiful on the buxom woman.

Definition: bosomy
Antonyms: flat, petite, small
byline
A line at the head of a newspaper or magazine article carrying the writer's name.
canon
经典, 真作
opp. apocrypha
canopy
蚊帐, sth. that spreads above you like a roof
cant
cant a boat for repair
1. 斜面, 斜边, 斜坡, 外角, 角落, 使具有斜面, 斜切, 将...斜掷出去, 使倾斜, 使倾覆, 猛扔, 倾斜, 斜穿, 斜过, 倾覆

2. 黑话, 切口, 哀号, 单调的哼声, 行话, 术语, 言不由衷的话, 伪善的言词, 使用黑话, 伪善地说教, 说言不由衷的话
cantankerous
bad tempered and complains a lot
cantata
A musical composition, often using a sacred text, comprising recitatives, arias, and choruses.

清唱剧, 大合唱, 圣歌谣曲
sonata
奏鸣曲 n.
A composition for one or more solo instruments, one of which is usually a keyboard instrument, usually consisting of three or four independent movements varying in key, mood, and tempo
concerto
协奏曲
A composition for an orchestra and one or more solo instruments, typically in three movements.
caper
To leap or frisk about; frolic
1. 雀跃, 蹦跳, 恶作剧, 胡闹, 犯罪行为, 抢劫

e.g. The lambs were capering in the fields
capitation
A payment or fee of a fixed amount per person.
capitulate
surrender under condition
capitulation
n. surrender
captious
Marked by a disposition to find and point out trivial faults: a captious scholar.
Intended to entrap or confuse, as in an argument: a captious question.

Marked by a disposition to find and point out trivial faults: a captious scholar.
Intended to entrap or confuse, as in an argument: a captious question.
carping
Naggingly critical or complaining.


Definition: complaining
Antonyms: complimentary, forgiving
captivate
迷惑, 吸引
carat
克拉
caret
加字符号
careen
cant
The carriage careened down the hill.
1. turn (a ship) on its side for cleaning, caulking, or repair.

2. (of a ship) tilt; lean over: a heavy flood tide caused my vessel to careen dizzily.
carapace
shell
carol
n.
A song of praise or joy, especially for Christmas.
An old round dance often accompanied by singing
颂歌, 欢乐的歌, 唱圣诞颂歌, 欢乐地歌唱, 歌颂, 欢唱
coral
e.g. Fish like to live in coral reefs.
carnation
康乃馨
carnal
adj.
adj.
Relating to the physical and especially sexual appetites: carnal desire.
Worldly or earthly; temporal: the carnal world.
Of or relating to the body or flesh; bodily: carnal remains.
肉体的, 肉欲的
carnage
大屠杀, 残杀
carnivore
食肉动物
adj. carnivorous
herbivore
草食动物
carouse
v.n.
To engage in boisterous, drunken merrymaking.
To drink excessively
痛饮, 畅饮,
carousal
酒宴
carrion
腐肉
cartographer
An individual who makes charts or maps.
caste
Any system in which people are separated into classes because of birth, rank, or wealth.

A caste system can be very unfair to many people.
Tutor's tip: She "cast" (to look at) her eyes on a man from the highest "caste" (a hereditary group based on rigid distinctions of birth or occupation).
castigate
To inflict severe punishment on. See synonyms at punish.
To criticize severely.

To punish or criticize harshly.

The parents will castigate their children if they stay out too late again.

Castigate means to censure or criticize severely, often in public: The judge castigated the attorney for badgering the witness.
castigation
n.
servere criticism
cataclysm
A violent upheaval that causes great destruction or brings about a fundamental change.
A violent and sudden change in the earth's crust.
A devastating flood.
catalysis
催化作用
categorical
Being without exception or qualification; absolute. See synonyms at explicit.

Of or relating to a category or categories.
According to or using categories: a categorical arrangement of specimens.

Definition: explicit, unconditional
Antonyms: ambiguous, conditional, equivocal, implied, qualified, questionable, tentative, uncategorical, vague
catharsis
Definition: explicit, unconditional
Antonyms: ambiguous, conditional, equivocal, implied, qualified, questionable, tentative, uncategorical, vague
cathartic
泻药
catholic
Of broad or liberal scope; comprehensive: “The 100-odd pages of formulas and constants are surely the most catholic to be found” (Scientific American).
Including or concerning all humankind; universal: “what was of catholic rather than national interest” (J.A. Froude).

(人)宽厚的
cerebral
大脑的, 深思的
cerebration
用脑, 思考
cerebrum
大脑
cessation
n.
pause or stop
e.g. the cessation of hostility
cession
v.
cede
chaff
chagrin
feeling of disappointment or annoyance
chagrined
失望的, 灰心的
chameleon
变色龙, 蜥蜴
chandelier
n.
A branched, decorative lighting fixture that holds a number of bulbs or candles and is suspended from a ceiling.
charades
n. 字迷游戏
charitable
e.g. chartable behavior
benign
charlatan
n.
A person who makes elaborate, fraudulent, and often voluble claims to skill or knowledge; a quack or fraud.

person who pretends to have a certain knowledge or ability.

The charlatan was able to trick all but the most wise people of the town.
chary + of
Very cautious; wary: was chary of the risks involved.
Not giving or expending freely; sparing: was chary of compliments.
细心的, 谨慎的, 吝啬的
adj
Definition: careful, cautious
Antonyms: careless, hasty, heedless, incautious, rash, uncareful, willing
catacomb
n.
An underground cemetery consisting of chambers or tunnels with recesses for graves. Often used in the plural.
An underground, often labyrinthine passageway
caulk
To make watertight or airtight by filling or sealing: caulk a pipe joint; caulked the cracks between the boards with mud.

To fill up a crack, seam or joint to make it watertight.

They will caulk the bottom of the boat to make sure it does not take on water.
填嵌, 填...以防漏, 被防漏
caucus
干部会议, 政党地方委员会, 核心小组, 召开干部会议
caustic
adj.
Capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action.
Corrosive and bitingly trenchant; cutting. See synonyms at sarcastic.
Causing a burning or stinging sensation, as from intense emotion: “Most of all, there is caustic shame for my own stupidity”

Caustic means corrosive and bitingly trenchant: “The caustic jokes
cavalcade
a procession of people traveling on horseback
cavalry
骑兵, 骑兵部队, 装甲兵, 装甲部队
Definition: troops
Antonyms: infantry (food solider)
cavalier
A mounted soldier; a knight.

骑士, 殷勤的绅士, 骑兵, 护花使者, 漫不经心的, 傲慢的, 无忧无虑的, 目空一切的
Showing arrogant or offhand disregard; dismissive: a cavalier attitude toward the suffering of others
cavil
quibble
To find fault unnecessarily; raise trivial objections.

e.g. caviling about the price of coffee;
celerity
n.
Swiftness of action or motion; speed.

They moved with great celerity when they heard about the flood.
敏捷, 快速
celestial
Of or relating to the sky or the heavens: Planets are celestial bodies.
Of or relating to heaven; divine: celestial beings.
Supremely good; sublime: celestial happiness.
celeste
天蓝色
celibate
n.
One who abstains from sexual intercourse, especially by reason of religious vows.
One who is unmarried.
adj.
Abstaining from sexual intercourse, especially by reason of religious vows.
Unmarried; unwed
celibacy
独身(主义)
cellular
细胞的, 多孔的
censorship
检查制度
censorious
adj.
Tending to censure; highly critical.
Expressing censure

Definition: very critical
Antonyms: complimentary, encouraging, flattering, laudatory, praising
centrifugal
离心的
centripetal
向心的
cephalic
adj.
Of or relating to the head.
Located on, in, or near the head.

Of the head skull or cranium.

A cephalic index is used to measure the human head.
chase
1.
v. tr. - 追逐, 追蹤, 追捕, 趕出, 驅逐
v. intr. - 追逐, 追趕, 追求, 追尋, 匆忙地走, 奔跑
n. - 追逐, 追求, 追擊, 打獵

idioms:

chase after 追趕, 追逐
chase around 奔跑, 來往密切
chase away 趕走
chase down 找出
chase up 追上
give chase 追趕, 追蹤
2.
n. - 狩獵地

3.
n. - 槽, 溝, 管子槽, 暗管
v. tr. - 雕鏤, 鏤刻
chasis
底盘
chaste
adj., chast·er, chast·est.
Morally pure in thought or conduct; decent and modest.

Not having experienced sexual intercourse; virginal.
Abstaining from unlawful sexual intercourse.
Abstaining from all sexual intercourse; celibate.
Pure or simple in design or style; austere
chastity
n.
being chaste
chastise
To punish, as by beating. See synonyms at punish.
To criticize severely; rebuke.
chauvinism
沙文主义,盲目爱国主义
cheetah
猎豹
chicanery
the use of clever plans or actions to deceive people
chimera
sth esp an idea or hope that is not really possible, and can never exist
chimerical
unreal
chipmunk
花栗鼠
chiromancy
telling fortunes by lines on the palm of the hand
nacromancy
巫术
chivalrous
有武士风度的, 侠义的
Definition: valiant
Antonyms: afraid, cowardly, fearful, frightened, humble, unchivalrous
chivalry
The medieval system, principles, and customs of knighthood.

The qualities idealized by knighthood, such as bravery, courtesy, honor, and gallantry toward women.
A manifestation of any of these qualities.
A group of knights or gallant gentlemen.
choleric
Easily provoked to anger.

The injured lion was choleric before the veterinarian helped it.

adj
Definition: bad-tempered
Antonyms: affable, good-natured
cholecystitis
胆囊炎
chop
intr.v., chopped, chop·ping, chops.
To change direction suddenly, as a ship in the wind.
n.
A short irregular motion of waves.
An area of choppy water, as on an ocean
. 突然改变方向, 突然改变主意
choreography
The art of creating and arranging dances or ballets.
A work created by this art.
Something, such as a series of planned situations, likened to dance arrangements
chortle
chortle
v. tr. - 以歡笑聲調唱或說出
v. intr. - 咯咯笑
n. - 得意的高笑
choir
歌唱队
chromatic
colorful
彩色的, 染色性的, 着色的
chronometer
精密计时表, 经线仪, 高度精确的钟表 An exceptionally precise timepiece.
chunky
矮胖的
chunk
A thick mass or piece: a chunk of ice.
Informal. A substantial amount: won quite a chunk of money.
n. - 大塊, 矮胖的人或物
v. tr. - 使發卡嚓聲
v. intr. - 發卡嚓聲
v.tr.
To form into chunks.

v.intr.
To make a dull clacking sound: listened to the rundown copier chunk along.
churlish
Of, like, or befitting a churl; boorish or vulgar.
Having a bad disposition; surly: “as valiant as the lion, churlish as the bear” (Shakespeare).
Difficult to work with, such as soil; intractable.
surly
1.Having or showing a bad temper
2.Threatening, as of weather conditions; ominous: surly clouds filled the sky.

粗暴的, 阴沉的, 乖戾的
churl
boor
cinder
n. - 煤渣, 灰燼
v. tr. - 使燒成灰燼, 用木炭灰蓋住
cipher
The mathematical symbol (0) denoting absence of quantity; zero.
An Arabic numeral or figure; a number.
One having no influence or value; a nonentity.

A cryptographic system in which units of plain text of regular length, usually letters, are arbitrarily transposed or substituted according to a predetermined code.
The key to such a system.
A message written or transmitted in such a system.
A design combining or interweaving letters or initials; a monogram
decipher
破译
circuitous
adj.
Being or taking a roundabout, lengthy course: took a circuitous route to avoid the accident site.
circumlocution
The use of unnecessarily wordy and indirect language.
Evasion in speech or writing.
A roundabout expression.

婉转曲折的说法
Definition: redundancy
Antonyms: conciseness, directness, straightforwardness, terseness
roundabout
adj.
Indirect; circuitous: “This conclusion was reached in a roundabout but nevertheless perfectly reliable way”
loquacious
adj.
Very talkative; garrulous.
circumscribe
限制
circumspect
adj
慎重的, 仔细的
circumvent
To surround (an enemy, for example); enclose or entrap.
To go around; bypass: circumvented the city.
To avoid or get around by artful maneuvering: She planned a way to circumvent all the bureaucratic red tape.
cistern
(抽水马桶的)贮水池
civility
彬彬有礼, 斯文 polite havior which most people consider nomal
clairvoyance
n.
The supposed power to see objects or events that cannot be perceived by the senses.
Acute intuitive insight or perceptiveness
透视, 千里眼, 洞察力
clairaudience
n.
The supposed power to hear things outside the range of normal perception
clam
蛤, 蚶
clamour (clamor)
n.
A loud outcry; a hubbub.
A vehement expression of discontent or protest: a clamor in the press for pollution control.
A loud sustained noise. See synonyms at noise.

v., -ored, -or·ing, -ors.

v.intr.
To make a loud sustained noise or outcry.
To make insistent demands or complaints: clamored for tax reforms.
v.tr.
To exclaim insistently and noisily: The representatives clamored their disapproval.
To influence or force by clamoring: clamored the mayor into resigning

n
Definition: loud cry; commotion
Antonyms: quiet, silence

v

Definition: cry out, make commotion
Antonyms: be quiet, be silent

n. - 喧鬧
v. tr. - 喧嚷著說..., 以喧嚷迫使...
v. intr. - 吵鬧, 喧嚷, 持續地叫喊, 吵鬧著要求, 大聲疾呼
clamorous
吵闹的, 喧哗的
proclaim
To announce officially and publicly; declare. See synonyms at announce.
To indicate conspicuously; make plain: wearing a button that proclaimed my choice for president.
proclamation
The act of proclaiming or the condition of being proclaimed.
Something proclaimed, especially an official public announcement.

n
Definition: advertisement, announcement
Antonyms: secret
宣布, 公布, 宣言书, 公告, 布告, 声明书
reclaim
回收, 开垦
clamp
n. 钳子
v. 夹紧
cramp
1. 铁夹钳, 铁箍, 夹钳, 约束物, 束缚物, 用夹钳夹紧, 约束, 限制, 妨碍

idioms:

cramp someone's style 妨碍, 讨厌
2. 抽筋, 痉挛, 绞痛, 使痉挛, 狭窄的, 难懂的, 受限制的
clannish
adj.
Of, relating to, or characteristic of a clan.
Inclined to cling together as a group and exclude outsiders。

Definition: exclusive, select
Antonyms: friendly, open, welcoming 习惯团结排外的
clapper
铃舌, 响板
cleave
v. To split with or as if with a sharp instrument. See synonyms at tear1.
To make or accomplish by or as if by cutting: cleave a path through the ice.
To pierce or penetrate: The wings cleaved the foggy air.
Chemistry. To split (a complex molecule) into simpler molecules.

2. intr.v., cleaved, cleav·ing, cleaves.
To adhere, cling, or stick fast.
To be faithful: cleave to one's principles.
cleavage
cleft, 裂缝, 分裂
cleft
adj. - 劈開的
n. - 裂縫, 裂口
A usually narrow partial opening caused by splitting and rupture: break, chink, cleavage, crack, crevice, fissure, rift, split.

adj
Definition: separated, split
Antonyms: joined, joint, united

n

Definition: break, gap
Antonyms: closing, closure, solid
clemency
n.仁慈, (气候)温和
clinch
1. To fix or secure (a nail or bolt, for example) by bending down or flattening the pointed end that protrudes.
To fasten together in this way.

2. To settle definitely and conclusively; make final: “The cocktail circuit is a constant and more contracts are clinched over pâté than over paper
clique
n.
A small exclusive group of friends or associates.

intr.v. Informal., cliqued, cliqu·ing, cliques.
To form, associate in, or act as a clique.

n. - 私黨, 閥, 派系
v. intr. - 結黨
clientele
n
Definition: customers of business
Antonyms: management, ownership
closure
n.
The act of closing or the state of being closed: closure of an incision.
Something that closes or shuts.

A bringing to an end; a conclusion: finally brought the project to closure.
A feeling of finality or resolution, especially after a traumatic experience.
See cloture.
The property of being mathematically closed.
cloture
n.
A parliamentary procedure by which debate is ended and an immediate vote is taken on the matter under discussion. Also called closure.

tr.v., -tured, -tur·ing, -tures.
To apply cloture to (a parliamentary debate).
cloister
回廊, 修道院, 与尘世隔绝
n.
A covered walk with an open colonnade on one side, running along the walls of buildings that face a quadrangle.

A place, especially a monastery or convent, devoted to religious seclusion.
Life in a monastery or convent.
A secluded, quiet place.
tr.v., -tered, -ter·ing, -ters.
To shut away from the world in or as if in a cloister; seclude.
To furnish (a building) with a cloister.
cloistered
secluded 隐居的
clot
n 凝块,
v 使凝结
cloudburst
n.
A sudden heavy rainstorm; a downpour.
cloy
v.tr.
To cause distaste or disgust by supplying with too much of something originally pleasant, especially something rich or sweet; surfeit.

v.intr.
To be too filling, rich, or sweet.

Meaning #1: supply or feed to surfeit
Synonym: surfeit


Meaning #2: cause surfeit through excess, of something that was initially pleasing
Synonym: pall,
生腻, 吃腻, 玩腻
cloying
甜得发腻的
coagulate
coagulate, clot, congeal, curdle, jell, jelly, set. These verbs mean to change or be changed from a liquid into a thickened mass: egg white coagulating when heated; blood clotting over the wound; gravy congealing as it cools; milk that had curdled; used pectin to jell the jam; jellied consommé; allowed the aspic to set.
congeal
coagulate, clot, congeal, curdle, jell, jelly, set. These verbs mean to change or be changed from a liquid into a thickened mass: egg white coagulating when heated; blood clotting over the wound; gravy congealing as it cools; milk that had curdled; used pectin to jell the jam; jellied consommé; allowed the aspic to set.
curdle
coagulate, clot, congeal, curdle, jell, jelly, set. These verbs mean to change or be changed from a liquid into a thickened mass: egg white coagulating when heated; blood clotting over the wound; gravy congealing as it cools; milk that had curdled; used pectin to jell the jam; jellied consommé; allowed the aspic to set.
coagulant
凝结剂
coagent
合作者
coalesce
To grow together; fuse.
To come together so as to form one whole; unite: The rebel units coalesced into one army to fight the invaders.

amalgamate

v
Definition: blend, come together
Antonyms: divide, separate
coalition
n. 结合, 联合, 合并
coaxal
adj. Having a common straight line about which a body or a geometric figure rotates
同轴的
cobbler
shoe repairer
cobblestone
n.
A naturally rounded paving stone
coffer
safe
cogent
adj.
Appealing to the intellect or powers of reasoning; convincing: a cogent argument.

n
Definition: effectiveness
Antonyms: impotence, ineffectiveness, invalidity, weakness

Convincing or pertinent.

The leader made some very cogent remarks about the continuing decline.
cogency
说服力, 中肯
cogitate
To take careful thought or think carefully about; ponder.

To think deeply or ponder.

I like to sit and cogitate after I have seen a good movie.

v
Definition: think deeply about
Antonyms: ignore
cogitation
思考, 苦思
cognate
adj.
Related by blood; having a common ancestor.
Related in origin, as certain words in genetically related languages descended from the same ancestral root; for example, English name and Latin nōmen from Indo-European *no-men-.
Related or analogous in nature, character, or function.
n.
One related by blood or origin with another, especially a person sharing an ancestor with another.
A word related to one in another language.

adj
Definition: alike, associated
Antonyms: disassociated, dissimilar, unalike, unallied, unconnected, unlike
cognomen
coherent
互相密合着的, 连贯的, 凝聚性的
cohesive
凝聚的, 凝结的, 有附着力的
colander
n.
A bowl-shaped kitchen utensil with perforations for draining off liquids and rinsing food.
n. - 濾器, 漏鍋
collage
n. - 抽象拚貼畫
v. tr. - 把...創作成拼貼畫
v. intr. - 創作拼貼畫
collation
n.
The act or process of collating.

A light meal permitted on fast days.
A light meal.
collateral
adj.
Situated or running side by side; parallel.
Coinciding in tendency or effect; concomitant or accompanying.
Serving to support or corroborate: collateral evidence.
Of a secondary nature; subordinate: collateral target damage from a bombing run.
Of, relating to, or guaranteed by a security pledged against the performance of an obligation: a collateral loan.
Having an ancestor in common but descended from a different line.
n.
Property acceptable as security for a loan or other obligation.
A collateral relative.

adj
Definition: indirect, secondary
Antonyms: chief, direct, main, primary, principal

n. - 旁系親屬, 擔保品, 抵押品
adj. - 並行的, 旁系的, 附隨的

e.g. a collateral aim of ...
collude
To act together secretly to achieve a fraudulent, illegal, or deceitful purpose; conspire.
collusion
n.
串通, 共谋
colloquium
学术研讨会
colossus
巨人, 巨型雕像
combustible
adj.
Capable of igniting and burning.
Easily aroused or excited.
n.
A substance that ignites and burns readily.
comatose
torpid, lethargic
coltish
frisky, playful
colt
1. young horse
2. young man without experience
comely
a comely woman has an attractive appearance

Pleasing and wholesome in appearance; attractive. See synonyms at beautiful.
Suitable; seemly: comely behavior.
清秀的, 美丽的, 标致的
Comely suggests wholesome physical attractiveness: “Mrs. Hurd is a large woman with a big, comely, simple face”
commandment
n 戒律
commence
v.tr.
To begin; start.

v.intr.
To enter upon or have a beginning; start
v
Definition: start action
Antonyms: cease, complete, end, finish, stop
commencement
开始, 毕业典礼
commensurate
adj.
Of the same size, extent, or duration as another.
Corresponding in size or degree; proportionate: a salary commensurate with my performance.
Measurable by a common standard; commensurable.
commiserate
v.tr.
To feel or express sorrow or pity for; sympathize with.

v.intr.
To feel or express sympathy: commiserated over their failure.
commodious
ample, spacious
Antonyms: confined, cramped, inconvenient, small, squeezed, uncomfortable
compact
n.
An agreement or a covenant
SYNONYMS bargain, compact, contract, covenant, deal. These nouns denote an agreement arrived at after a discussion in which the parties involved promise to honor their respective obligations: kept my end of the bargain and mowed the lawn; made a compact to correspond regularly; a legally binding contract to install new windows; a covenant for mutual defense; ignored the requests that weren't part of the deal.
compelling
adj
Definition: convincing
Antonyms: weak
强制的, 令人注目的, 强迫性的 引起兴趣的

adj

Definition: enthralling
Antonyms: boring
compellation
姓名, 头衔
n.
The act of addressing or designating someone by name.
A name; an appellation.
compendium
大要, 概略
A short, complete summary; an abstract.
A list or collection of various items.
compendious
adj.
Containing or stating briefly and concisely all the essentials; succinct

adj
Definition: abridged
Antonyms: enlarged, lengthened, unabridged

Marked by or consisting of few words that are carefully chosen: brief, concise, laconic, lean, short, succinct, summary, terse.
eptiome
梗概, 缩影, 节录, 象征
A person or thing that shows all the most typical qualities of something. Also: A summary of the main points.

Indifference, to me, is the epitome of evil.

n.
A representative or perfect example of a class or type: “He is seen . . . as the epitome of the hawkish, right-of-center intellectual” (Paul Kennedy).
A brief summary, as of a book or article; an abstract.
complaisant
adj.
Exhibiting a desire or willingness to please; cheerfully obliging.

Ready to serve; agreeable.

William has always been complaisant when it comes to work in the community.

彬彬有礼的, 殷勤的, 柔顺的
adj
Definition: agreeable
Antonyms: antagonistic, disagreeable, discontented, dissatisfied, obstinate
complaisance
迁就, 顺从
complexion
肤色, 局面, 情况
The natural color, texture, and appearance of the skin, especially of the face.
General character, aspect, or appearance: findings that will alter the complexion of the problem.
A viewpoint, inclination, or attitude: a conservative political complexion.
complacent
自满的, 得意的
complacency
自满, 自得
complimentary
赞赏的
comport
v.tr.
To conduct or behave (oneself) in a particular manner: Comport yourself with dignity.

v.intr.
To agree, correspond, or harmonize: a foreign policy that comports with the principles of democracy.

v. tr. - 舉動, 表現
v. intr. - 相稱, 合適, 一致

idioms:

comport oneself 表現鎮定沉著
comport with 一致, 適合
comportment
n. 举止, 表现
composite
拼凑成的, 混合成的
composure
n.
aplomb
n.
A calm or tranquil state of mind; self-possession.

n
Definition: calmness, collectedness
Antonyms: agitation, arousal, discomposure, excitement, perturbedness, upset
comprehend
1. grasp
2. include
v
Definition: include
Antonyms: exclude, not include

v

Definition: understand
Antonyms: misinterpret, mistake, misunderstand

e.g. Comprehend and embrace usually refer to the taking in of subordinate elements: My field of study comprehends several disciplines.
compromise
To make a concession: concede. Idioms: give and take, go fifty-fifty, meet someone halfway. See agree/disagree.
To expose to possible loss or damage: adventure, hazard, risk, venture.

n. - 妥協, 折衷案, 折衷
v. tr. - 互讓解決, 放棄, 連累, 危及
v. intr. - 妥協, 讓步
compulsive
adj.
Having the capacity to compel: a frightening, compulsive novel.
Psychology. Caused or conditioned by compulsion or obsession.
n.
A person with behavior patterns governed by a compulsion.
compulsion
n.

The act of compelling.
The state of being compelled.

An irresistible impulse to act, regardless of the rationality of the motivation: “The compulsion to protect the powerful from the discomfort of public disclosure feeds further abuse and neglect” (Boston Globe).
An act or acts performed in response to such an impulse
compulsory
强制性的
complicity
n., pl. -ties.
Involvement as an accomplice in a questionable act or a crime.
共谋, 连累, 共犯
compunction
a deep feeling of shame or guilty

n
Definition: regret, sorrow
Antonyms: defiance, meanness, no remorse
良心的责备, 悔恨, 后悔
conceited
自负的, 自高自大的
conceivable
Within the bounds of what may be true within the framework of nature.

They used every conceivable excuse to get out of doing the chore
concertina
六角形手风琴,

n.
A small hexagonal accordion with bellows and with buttons for keys.
accordion
n.
A portable wind instrument with a small keyboard and free metal reeds that sound when air is forced past them by pleated bellows operated by the player.

adj.
Having folds or bends like the bellows of an accordion: accordion pleats; accordion blinds.
concoction
调配(物), 谎言
concoct
e.g. John concocted an excuse for being late.
concomitant
adj.
Occurring or existing concurrently; attendant.

adj
Definition: contributing, accompanying
Antonyms: accidental, chance, unrelated

相伴的, 共存的, 附随的, 伴随物
concord
Harmony or agreement of interests or feelings; accord.
A treaty establishing peaceful relations.
和睦, 公约
concordant
和谐的, 一致的
concussion
脑震荡 震荡, 冲击
condemn
To express strong disapproval of: condemned the needless waste of food.
To pronounce judgment against; sentence: condemned the felons to prison.

e.g. condemn a murder to life imprisonment.
condemnation
谴责, 定罪
condescend
SYNONYMS stoop, condescend, deign. These verbs mean to descend to a level considered inappropriate to one's dignity: stooped to contemptible methods to realize their ambitions; won't condescend to acknowledge his rival's greeting; didn't even deign to reply.
condenscension
The act of condescending or an instance of it.
Patronizingly superior behavior or attitude.
自以为高人一等, 贬

n
Definition: disdain, superiority
Antonyms: acceptance, friendliness, humility, inferiority, respect
自以为高人一等, 贬低(别人), 高傲态度
stoop
SYNONYMS stoop, condescend, deign. These verbs mean to descend to a level considered inappropriate to one's dignity: stooped to contemptible methods to realize their ambitions; won't condescend to acknowledge his rival's greeting; didn't even deign to reply.
deign
SYNONYMS stoop, condescend, deign. These verbs mean to descend to a level considered inappropriate to one's dignity: stooped to contemptible methods to realize their ambitions; won't condescend to acknowledge his rival's greeting; didn't even deign to reply.

To consider an act to be in keeping with one's dignity; condescend.

Did the magistrate deign to discuss the issue with the citizen?
屈尊, 赐予
damnify
损害
condiment
seasoning, flavoring
conduce
To contribute or lead to a specific result: “The quiet conduces to thinking about the darkening future” (George F. Will).

To tend toward or lead to.

Increase of material comforts, it may generally be laid down, does not in any way conduce to moral growth. e.g. Temperance conduces to good health
confection
甜食, 糖果
conflagration
n.
A large destructive fire
大火灾, 突发, 大火
flagrant
Flagrant applies to what is so offensive that it cannot escape notice: flagrant disregard for the law.

Conspicuously bad, offensive, or reprehensible: a flagrant miscarriage of justice; flagrant cases of wrongdoing at the highest levels of government.

It is not surprising that blatant and flagrant are often confused, since the words have overlapping meanings. Both attribute conspicuousness and offensiveness to certain acts. Blatant emphasizes the failure to conceal the act. Flagrant, on the other hand, emphasizes the serious wrongdoing inherent in the offense. Certain contexts may admit either word depending on what is meant: a violation of human rights might be either blatant or flagrant. If it was committed with contempt for public scrutiny, it is blatant. If its barbarity was monstrous, it is flagrant. •\\
conflate
合并
1a) to bring together: fuse b) confuse(?)
2) to combine (as two readings of a text) into a composite whole
flatus
n.
Gas generated in or expelled from the digestive tract, especially the stomach or intestines.

Synonyms: fart, farting, wind, breaking wind
confluence
A flowing together of two or more streams.
The point of juncture of such streams.
The combined stream formed by this juncture.
A gathering, flowing, or meeting together at one juncture or point: “A confluence of negative events conspired to bring down bond prices”
合流, 集合, 合流点
flagrant
Flagrant applies to what is so offensive that it cannot escape notice: flagrant disregard for the law.

Conspicuously bad, offensive, or reprehensible: a flagrant miscarriage of justice; flagrant cases of wrongdoing at the highest levels of government.

It is not surprising that blatant and flagrant are often confused, since the words have overlapping meanings. Both attribute conspicuousness and offensiveness to certain acts. Blatant emphasizes the failure to conceal the act. Flagrant, on the other hand, emphasizes the serious wrongdoing inherent in the offense. Certain contexts may admit either word depending on what is meant: a violation of human rights might be either blatant or flagrant. If it was committed with contempt for public scrutiny, it is blatant. If its barbarity was monstrous, it is flagrant. •\\
conflate
合并
1a) to bring together: fuse b) confuse(?)
2) to combine (as two readings of a text) into a composite whole
flatus
n.
Gas generated in or expelled from the digestive tract, especially the stomach or intestines.

Synonyms: fart, farting, wind, breaking wind
confluence
A flowing together of two or more streams.
The point of juncture of such streams.
The combined stream formed by this juncture.
A gathering, flowing, or meeting together at one juncture or point: “A confluence of negative events conspired to bring down bond prices”
合流, 集合, 合流点
congeal
coagulate, curdle
cogenial
e.g. congenial companions
congenial weather
congenitial
adj.
Of or relating to a condition that is present at birth, as a result of either heredity or environmental influences: a congenital heart defect; congenital syphilis.
Being or having an essential characteristic as if by nature; inherent or inveterate: “the congenital American optimism that denies conflicts and imagines all stories having happy endings” (Robert J. Samuelson). See synonyms at innate.
(病等)先天的, 天生的
congest
v. tr. - 使充滿, 使充血, 使擁塞
v. intr. - 擁塞, 充血, 擁擠
congestion
n - 擁塞, 充血, 擁擠
divestiture
n.
An act of divesting.
The sale, liquidation, or spinoff of a corporate division or subsidiary.
congregate
To bring or come together in a group, crowd, or assembly.

v
Definition: assemble, come together
Antonyms: divide, scatter, separate

Congregate refers chiefly to the coming together of a large number of persons or animals: The students congregated after class to compare notes.
aggregate
noun

A number or quantity obtained as a result of addition: amount, sum, summation, sum total, total, totality. Archaic tale. See count.
An amount or quantity from which nothing is left out or held back: all, entirety, everything, gross, sum, total, totality, whole. Informal work (used in plural). Idioms: everythingbutexceptthe kitchen sink, lock, stock, and barrel, the wholeball of waxkit and caboodlemegillahnine yardsshebang. See part/whole.
verb

To bring together so as to increase in mass or number: accrue, accumulate, agglomerate, amass, collect, cumulate, garner, gather, hive, pile up, roll up. See collect/distribute.
To come to in number or quantity: amount, number, reach, run into, total. Idioms: add up to. See increase/decrease.

n. - 集合體, 聚集物, 骨料, 粒料, 總數, 合計
adj. - 聚集的, 合計的
v. tr. - 使聚集, 總計達
agglomerate
v. tr. - 使凝聚, 使成團, 使成塊
v. intr. - 凝聚, 成團, 成塊
n. - 大團, 大塊
adj. - 凝聚的, 成塊的
congregation
n.
The act of assembling.
A body of assembled people or things; a gathering.

A group of people gathered for religious worship.
The members of a specific religious group who regularly worship at a church or synagogue.
集合, 会集, 会众, 集会, 宗教团体
congruent
1.全等的 2. fitting together well, suitable

e.g. congruent triangle
congruity
n. 全等, 一致
coniform
圆锥形
conifer
针叶树
conjecture
Inference or judgment based on inconclusive or incomplete evidence; guesswork.
A statement, opinion, or conclusion based on guesswork: The commentators made various conjectures about the outcome of the next election.

v., -tured, -tur·ing, -tures.

v.tr.
To infer from inconclusive evidence; guess.

v.intr.
To make a conjecture.

n
Definition: speculation, assumption
Antonyms: fact, proof, reality, truth

v

Definition: speculate
Antonyms: prove
projectile
抛射体
gluttony
n., pl. -ies.
Excess in eating or drinking.
n
Definition: greed
Antonyms: abstinence, moderation
hoof
n. - 蹄, 人的腳
v. tr. - 用蹄踢, 步行
v. intr. - 走, 踏, 踢
hue
n.
The property of colors by which they can be perceived as ranging from red through yellow, green, and blue, as determined by the dominant wavelength of the light.
A particular gradation of color; a shade or tint.
Color: all the hues of the rainbow.
Appearance; aspect: a man of somber hue
色调, 颜色, 样子
A color or a shade of a color.

My life has been a tapestry of rich and royal hue, an everlasting vision of the ever-changing view
hew
v. tr. - 砍, 劈, 劈出, 砍成, 開闢
v. intr. - 砍, 劈, 堅持, 遵守
v., hewed, hewn (hyūn) or hewed, hew·ing, hews.

v.tr.
To make or shape with or as if with an ax: hew a path through the underbrush.
To cut down with an ax; fell: hew an oak.
To strike or cut; cleave.
v.intr.
To cut something by repeated blows, as of an ax.
To adhere or conform strictly; hold: hew to the line.
conjure
To summon (a devil or spirit) by magical or supernatural power.
To influence or effect by or as if by magic: tried to conjure away the doubts that beset her.

To call or bring to mind; evoke: “Arizona conjures up an image of stark deserts for most Americans” (American Demographics).
To imagine; picture: “a sight to store away, then conjure up someday when they were no longer together” (Nelson DeMille).
Archaic. To call on or entreat solemnly, especially by an oath.
v.intr.
To perform magic tricks, especially by sleight of hand.

To summon a devil by magic or supernatural power.
To practice black magic.

To make an earnest or urgent request: appeal, beg, beseech, crave, entreat, implore, plead, pray, sue, supplicate.

v
Definition: appeal to, implore
Antonyms: disgust, turn off
v. tr. - 祈求, 懇求
v. intr. - 變戲法, 施魔法

idioms:

conjure up 想像地, 推想地
connive
To cooperate secretly in an illegal or wrongful action; collude: The dealers connived with customs officials to bring in narcotics.
To scheme; plot.
To feign ignorance of or fail to take measures against a wrong, thus implying tacit encouragement or consent: The guards were suspected of conniving at the prisoner's escape.

v
Definition: plot
Antonyms: be innocent of, have no part; expose

v. intr. - 假裝不見, 縱容, 默許, 共謀

idioms:

connive at 視而不見, 默許, 縱容
connivance
n.
The criminals could not escaped without your connivance.
connoisseur
n.
A person with expert knowledge or training, especially in the fine arts.
A person of informed and discriminating taste: a connoisseur of fine wines

Definition: authority
Antonyms: ignoramus
ignoramus
不学无术的人, 无知识的人
connotative
1. Implying something additional; illative
consanguinity
Relationship by blood or by a common ancestor.
A close affinity or connection.

Kinship; related by blood.

There was no doubt about Jim and Jerry's consanguinity; they looked exactly alike.
conscript + into
n.
One compulsorily enrolled for service, especially in the armed forces; a draftee.

adj.
Enrolled compulsorily; drafted.

tr.v., -script·ed, -script·ing, -scripts. (kən-skrĭpt')
To enroll compulsorily into service; draft.
征召, 征兵, 被征入伍的, 被征召的
consequential
adj.
Following as an effect, result, or conclusion; consequent.
Having important consequences; significant: “The year's only really consequential legislation was the reform of Social Security” (New York Times).

Important; influential: a consequential figure in the academic community.
Pompous; self-important.
conservatory
A greenhouse, especially one in which plants are arranged aesthetically for display, as at a botanical garden.
A school of music or dramatic art.
温室, 音乐学校
consign
To give over to the care of another; entrust.
To turn over permanently to another's charge or to a lasting condition; commit irrevocably: “Their desponding imaginations had already consigned him to a watery grave” (William Hickling Prescott).
To deliver (merchandise, for example) for custody or sale.
To set apart, as for a special use or purpose; assign.

Definition: entrust, hand over for care
Antonyms: hold, keep, receive, retain

Give over to another for care or safekeeping; Commit forever; Send to an address.

Tutor's tip: To "consign" is to transfer or give to another's care or control, to "cosign" is to sign a loan agreement with others, while "cosine" is a mathematical term used in trigonometry.
consignment
n. 托运, 寄售
conspectus
n. a short report giving the most important ideas of a subject

synonym: synopsis
概观, 要领, 大纲
compendium
syllabus
synopsis
A brief outline or general view, as of a subject or written work; an abstract or a summary.
stellar
relating to star
conspire
v.intr.
To plan together secretly to commit an illegal or wrongful act or accomplish a legal purpose through illegal action.
To join or act together; combine: “Semisweet chocolate, cocoa powder, espresso, Cognac, and vanilla all conspire to intensify [the cake's] flavor” (Sally Schneider).
v.tr.
To plan or plot secretly.
阴谋, 共谋, 协力, 图谋
conspiracy
阴谋,
conspirator
n. sb. who conspires
consternation
shocking
A sudden or complete loss of courage in the face of trouble or danger: dismay

Consternation is often paralyzing, characterized by confusion and helplessness: Consternation gripped the city as the invaders approached.
construe
make sense of; assign a meaning to
Synonyms: interpret, see

Construe involves putting a particular construction or interpretation on something: “I take the official oath today . . . with no purpose to construe the Constitution or laws by any hypercritical rules”
consummate
To bring to completion or fruition; conclude: consummate a business transaction.
To realize or achieve; fulfill: a dream that was finally consummated with the publication of her first book.

To complete (a marriage) with the first act of sexual intercourse after the ceremony.
To fulfill (a sexual desire or attraction) especially by intercourse.
adj. (kən-sŭm'ĭt, kŏn'sə-mət)
Complete or perfect in every respect: consummate happiness. See synonyms at perfect.
Supremely accomplished or skilled: “Sargent was now a consummate master of brushwork” (Roberta Smith).
Complete; utter: a consummate bore.

adj
Definition: ultimate, best
Antonyms: incomplete, unfinished, worst

v

Definition: achieve, finish
Antonyms: neglect
consummation
n.
e.g. the consummation of one's ambition
contagious
Transmissible by direct or indirect contact; communicable: a contagious disease.
Capable of transmitting disease; carrying a disease: stayed at home until he was no longer contagious.
Spreading or tending to spread from one to another; infectious: a contagious smile.
有感染力的
temple
太阳穴, 庙宇
contention
争论, 论点
contiguity
n. 邻近, 接壤
continent
Exercising moderation and self-restraint in appetites and behavior: abstemious, sober, temperate. See restraint/unrestraint.

1.
adj. - 自製的, 克制的, 節欲的

2.
n. - 大陸, 陸地, 歐洲大陸, 大洲
continence
n. 节制, 克制力
contingent
adj. - 可能發生的, 暫時的, 附隨的
n. - 偶然的事情, 分遣隊
Conditional; probable, but not certain.

The purchase of a new car is contingent on the amount of Sarah's raise.

1.Liable to occur but not with certainty; possible: “All salaries are reckoned on contingent as well as on actual services” (Ralph Waldo Emerson).
2.Dependent on conditions or occurrences not yet established; conditional: arms sales contingent on the approval of Congress. See synonyms at dependent.
3.Happening by chance or accident; fortuitous. See synonyms at accidental.
contravene
To act or be counter to; violate: contravene a direct order.
To oppose in argument; gainsay: contravened the proposal. See synonyms at deny.
与...相抵触, 反驳, 违反, 否认
contravention
违背(法规,习俗), 否认
infraction, breach
contrite
adj. feeling guilty or sorry for sth bad that you have done.

e.g. her contrite expression

regretful
Antonyms: hurtful, indifferent, mean, unrepentant

To be repentant or sorry for wrong-doing.

Rudy's attitude was contrite after he lied to the dean.
contrition
n.
悔罪, 痛悔
contrive
To plan with cleverness or ingenuity; devise: contrive ways to amuse the children.
To invent or fabricate, especially by improvisation: contrived a swing from hanging vines.
To plan with evil intent; scheme: contrived a plot to seize power.
To bring about, as by scheming; manage: somehow contrived to get past the guards unnoticed.

Meaning #1: make or work out a plan for; devise
Synonyms: plan, project, design


Meaning #2: come up with (an idea, plan, explanation, theory, or priciple) after a mental effort
Synonyms: invent, devise, excogitate, formulate, forge


Meaning #3: put or send forth
Synonyms: project, cast, throw
发明, 策划, 图谋, 设计, 设法做到, 以计谋达成, 谋划
contrived
Obviously planned or calculated; not spontaneous or natural; labored: a novel with a contrived ending.

Not natural or spontaneous, factitious
triturate
To rub, crush, grind, or pound into fine particles or a powder; pulverize.
捣碎,磨碎,
contumely
n.
1.Rudeness or contempt arising from arrogance; insolence.
2.An insolent or arrogant remark or act.

abuse, insolence
Antonyms: compliments, flattery
无礼, 傲慢, 侮辱
contumelious
arrogantly insolent
contumacy
Obstinate or contemptuous resistance to authority; stubborn rebelliousness.
拒不服从, 倔强
contumacious
unreasonably disobedient
introvert
内向的人
tumid
肿大的
e..g tumid tumor
conundrum
谜语, 难题
convalesce
To return to health and strength after illness; recuperate

v
Definition: recuperate
Antonyms: deteriorate
v. intr. - 漸漸康復, 漸愈
convalescence
n.Gradual return to health and strength after illness.
The period needed for returning to health after illness.
渐愈, 快愈期, 恢复期
valorous
Marked by or possessing great personal bravery; valiant
conventionality
The state, quality, or character of being conventional.
A conventional act, idea, or practice.
conversant
adj.
Familiar, as by study or experience: conversant with medieval history.
Able to converse knowledgeably: “By … using a library of your personal design, you will find yourself more knowledgeable and, eventually, more conversant, on topics of interest to you”

adj
Definition: experienced, familiar with
Antonyms: ignorant, inexperienced, quiet, silent
convert
v. make sb change (religion)
n. One who has been converted, especially from one religion or belief to another.
conversion
n. change (religion)
corporal
Of or relating to the body. See synonyms at bodily.
corpulent
fat
corpulence
n. being fat
convex
opp. concave
convict
A person found or declared guilty of an offense or crime.
A person serving a sentence of imprisonment.
adj. Archaic.
Found guilty; convicted.
v. tr. - 宣告有罪, 使知罪
v. intr. - 被宣告有罪
n. - 囚犯, 罪犯
adj. - 被判有罪的, 被定罪的, 悔罪的
conviction
Law.
The judgment of a jury or judge that a person is guilty of a crime as charged.
The state of being found or proved guilty: evidence that led to the suspect's conviction.

The act or process of convincing.
The state of being convinced. See synonyms at certainty.
A fixed or strong belief. See synonyms at opinion. Firm belief.
定罪, 坚信, 信服
convival
1.Fond of feasting, drinking, and good company; sociable. See synonyms at social.
2.Merry; festive: a convivial atmosphere at the reunion.

friendly and pleasantly cheerful
convulse
To shake or agitate violently: tremors that convulsed the countryside; when civil war convulsed the nation. See synonyms at agitate.
To affect with irregular and involuntary muscular contractions; throw into convulsions.
To cause to shake with laughter or strong emotion.
v.intr.
To become affected by or as if by convulsions; shake.

To shake or disturb violently.

A building will convulse if there is an explosion nearby.
使震动, 使起抽筋, 使震撼
convulsion
痙攣,震动, 动乱, 震撼
An intense, paroxysmal, involuntary muscular contraction.
An uncontrolled fit, as of laughter; a paroxysm.
Violent turmoil: “The market convulsions of the last few weeks have shaken the world”
coop
An enclosure or cage, as for poultry or small animals.

n. - 籠子, 欄舍, 監牢, 拘禁的場所
v. tr. - 關進, 拘禁
copious
Yielding or containing plenty; affording ample supply: a copious harvest. See synonyms at plentiful.
Large in quantity; abundant: copious rainfall.
Abounding in matter, thoughts, or words; wordy: “I found our speech copious without order, and energetic without rules”

Definition: abundant
Antonyms: lacking, meager, needing, needy, poor, rare, scarce, wanting

More than enough; plentiful.

The girls took copious notes at the lecture.
corrugate
v.tr.
To shape into folds or parallel and alternating ridges and grooves.

v.intr.
To become shaped into such folds or ridges and grooves: “Now the immense ocean . . . sensed the change. Its surface rippled and corrugated where sweeping cloud shadows touched
v. tr. - 使起皺, 使成波狀
v. intr. - 縮成皺狀
corrugation
n.
n.

The act or process of corrugating.
The state of being corrugated.
A groove or ridge on a corrugated surface.
coruscate
To give forth flashes of light; sparkle and glitter: diamonds coruscating in the candlelight.
To exhibit sparkling virtuosity: a flutist whose music coruscated throughout the concert hall.
scintillate
To throw off sparks; flash.
To sparkle or shine. See synonyms at flash.
To be animated and brilliant: dinner conversation that scintillated.
v.tr.
To give off (sparks or flashes).

To interest or excite; to spark.

Once I used to scintillate, but now I am dreary by sunset.
发出火花, 焕发, 发出, 闪现出
ruga
A fold, crease, or wrinkle, as in the lining of the stomach. Often used in the plural.
rugous
adj.
Having many wrinkles or creases; ridged or wrinkled.
Botany. Having a rough, wrinkled surface, as in certain prominently veined leaves.
cosmos
宇宙
coterie
A small group of people with a shared interest.

A very small coterie formed within the science club because only a few of the students were interested specifically in genetics.

同人, 伙伴, 圈内人
coterminous
Having a boundary in common; contiguous: The northern border of the United States is conterminous with the southern border of Canada.

Contained in the same boundaries; coextensive: the conterminous 48 states.
Having the same scope, range of meaning, or extent in time.

相接的, 有同一延伸的, 连接的
countenance
Appearance, especially the expression of the face: The question left him with a puzzled countenance.
The face or facial features.

A look or expression indicative of encouragement or of moral support.
Support or approval.
Obsolete. Bearing; demeanor.
tr.v., -nanced, -nanc·ing, -nanc·es.
To give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve: The college administration will not countenance cheating

Definition: approve, support
Antonyms: deny, disagree, disapprove, discourage, fight, oppose, refuse
covenant
A binding agreement; a compact.

v.tr.
To promise by or as if by a covenant.

v.intr.
To enter into a covenant.

n
Definition: pact, promise
Antonyms: disagreement

v

Definition: agree
Antonyms: break, disagree
契约, 盟约, 立约承诺, 订立盟约
cornet
圆锥形纸袋, 短号
corny
Without freshness or appeal because of overuse: banal, bromidic, trite

adj
Definition: trite, cliched
Antonyms: new, original, unique
cornucopia
A cone-shaped ornament or receptacle.
An overflowing store; an abundance: a cornucopia of employment opportunities.

Abundant supply.

Behind the attic door lay a cornucopia of childhood treasures.
哺乳宙斯的羊角, 丰富, 聚宝盆
corona
日冕, 冠状部位, 晕, 冠
corpus
A large collection of writings of a specific kind or on a specific subject.
A collection of writings or recorded remarks used for linguistic analysis.

n. - The main part of an organ or other bodily structure; A collection of writings; Capital as contrasted with the income derived from it.

Tutor's tip: The woman who compiled this "corpus" (complete body of knowledge or works) became a "corpse" (a dead body) long ago.
corpuscle
小体, 微粒, 光子, 血球
corral
n.
An enclosure for confining livestock.
An enclosure formed by a circle of wagons for defense against attack during an encampment.
tr.v., -ralled, -ral·ling, -rals.
To drive into and hold in a corral.
To arrange (wagons) in a corral.
To take control or possession of.
To gather; garner: “difficult for congressional leadership to corral a majority of votes”

A fenced in place for holding horses, cattle, or sheep.

We rounded up the horses and herded them into the corral
畜栏, 关进畜栏
correlate
n. 相关的事务
covetous
Resentfully or painfully desirous of another's advantages: envious, green-eyed, invidious, jealous. See desire.
Having a strong urge to obtain or possess something, especially material wealth, in quantity: acquisitive, avaricious, avid, grasping, greedy, hungry. Informal grabby.
妄羡的, 贪婪的, 乱要的
Definition: greedy; very desirous
Antonyms: benevolent, generous, giving

Excessively and culpably desirous of the possessions of another. See synonyms at jealous.
Marked by extreme desire to acquire or possess: covetous of learning.
covet
Excessively and culpably desirous of the possessions of another. See synonyms at jealous.
Marked by extreme desire to acquire or possess: covetous of learning.

Excessively and culpably desirous of the possessions of another. See synonyms at jealous.
Marked by extreme desire to acquire or possess: covetous of learning.

Wish, long, or crave for (something, especially the property of another person).

Tutor's tip: I "covet" (to enviously desire someone else's property) his "covert" (shelter or hiding place).
corroborate
to prove (strengthen)withe evidence
corroboration
Strengthening evidence to prove something.

No one wants advice, only corroboration.

confirmation that some fact or statement is true
Synonyms: documentation, certification
corroborant
(used of a medicine; archaic) strengthening
roborant
adj.
Restoring vigor or strength.

n.
A roborant drug; a restorative or tonic.
coy
very modest
Antonyms: aggressive, forward, immodest, impudent, unshy
腼腆的, 羞怯的, 怕羞的
crabbed
Irritable and perverse in disposition; ill-tempered.
Difficult to understand; complicated.
Difficult to read; cramped: crabbed handwriting.

Having or showing a bad temper: bad-tempered, cantankerous, cranky, cross, disagreeable, fretful, grouchy, grumpy, ill-tempered, irascible, irritable, nasty, peevish, petulant, querulous, snappish, snappy, surly, testy, ugly, waspish. Informal crabby, mean
crafty
Skilled in or marked by underhandedness, deviousness, or deception.
Chiefly British. Skillful; dexterous.
狡诈的, 巧妙的, 诡计多端的
crag
A sharp pointed rock that sticks out above others.

The last crag before the summit was the most difficult to climb.
峭壁, 危岩
craggy
多峭壁的, 崎岖的
cramped
Uncomfortably small or restricted: cramped living quarters.
Difficult to read, especially for being crowded into a small space: cramped handwriting.
crank
古怪的人, 曲柄
cranky
Having a bad disposition; peevish.
Having eccentric ways; odd.
Full of bends and turns; crooked: a cranky mountain road.
Working unpredictably; erratic: a cranky old truck.
Rickety; loose.
cravat
n.
A scarf or band of fabric worn around the neck as a tie.
craven
adj.
Characterized by abject fear; cowardly.

Definition: weak, timid
Antonyms: bold, brave, courageous, heroic, strong
n.
A coward.
credible
Believable.

The speaker was completely credible until the part about the unidentified flying objects.
crater
火山口, 弹坑
creed
信条, 教义
credulous
easy to believe
credulity
n.
A disposition to believe too readily.
creel
鱼篮, 线轴架, 捕虾篮
crepuscular
adj.
Of or like twilight; dim: “the period's crepuscular charm and a waning of the intense francophilia that used to shape the art market” (Wall Street Journal).
Zoology. Becoming active at twilight or before sunrise, as do bats and certain insects and birds.

微光的, 拂晓的, 黄昏的
crepuscular
adj.
Of or like twilight; dim: “the period's crepuscular charm and a waning of the intense francophilia that used to shape the art market” (Wall Street Journal).
Zoology. Becoming active at twilight or before sunrise, as do bats and certain insects and birds.

微光的, 拂晓的, 黄昏的
crescendo
Gradually becoming louder or stronger.

That musical composition had one loud crescendo after another.

n. - 聲音漸增
adv. - 漸次加強
adj. - 漸強的
v. intr. - 逐漸增強
crestfallen
挫败的, 失望的
crevice
n.
A narrow crack or opening; a fissure or cleft.

A usually narrow partial opening caused by splitting and rupture: break, chink, cleavage, cleft, crack, fissure, rift, split. See open/close.

A small opening caused by a crack.

The climber was able to fit her toe into the crevice to take the next step up the wall.
Tutor's tip: There could be a "crevice" (small crack in places like walls or rocks) in the side of a "crevasse" (major crack in large ice formations or in the earth's surface).
crevasse
n.
A deep fissure, as in a glacier; a chasm.
A crack or breach in a dike or levee.
intr. & tr.v., -vassed, -vass·ing, -vass·es.
To develop or cause to develop crevasses.

A deep crack in a glacier.

A crevasse in a glacier can be over a thousand feet deep.
Tutor's tip: There could be a "crevice" (small crack in places like walls or rocks) in the side of a "crevasse" (major crack in large ice formations or in the earth's surface).
cringe
To shrink back, as in fear; cower.
To behave in a servile way; fawn.
n.
An act or instance of cringing.

v
Definition: flinch, recoil from danger
Antonyms: come forward
畏缩, 奉承, 阿谀
cringing
adj. n.
奉承(的)
crinkle
To make irregular folds in, especially by pressing or twisting: crease, crimp, crumple, rimple, rumple, wrinkle. See smooth/rough.
noun

An indentation or seam on the skin, especially on the face: crease, furrow, line, wrinkle. See smooth/rough.
A line or an arrangement made by the doubling of one part over another: crease, crimp, crumple, fold, pleat, plica, plication, pucker, rimple, ruck, rumple, wrinkle.

Definition: crumple, ruffle
Antonyms: straighten
croak
蛙鸣声
crochet
Needlework done by interlocking looped stitches with a hooked needle; Make a piece of needlework by interlocking and looping thread with a hooked needle.
n. - 鉤針編織品, 鉤邊
v. tr. - 用鉤針編織
v. intr. - 用鉤針編織
crumb
A very small piece broken from a baked item, such as a cookie, cake, or bread.
A small fragment, scrap, or portion: eraser crumbs; not a crumb of kindness for you.
The soft inner portion of bread.
Slang. A contemptible, untrustworthy, or loathsome person.

v., crumbed, crumb·ing, crumbs.

v.tr.
To break into very small pieces; crumble.
To cover or prepare with very small pieces of bread.
To brush (a table or cloth) clear of small scraps or fragments of food.
v.intr.
To break apart in very small pieces: a solid cake that won't crumb.

n. - 麵包屑, 碎屑, 糕餅屑, 少許
v. tr. - 捏碎, 弄碎
v. intr. - 碎裂, 變成碎屑
crumble
弄碎, 崩溃
e.g. crumble the bread
a crumbling church

Definition: break or fall into pieces
Antonyms: build, put together
cur
A mongrel dog. Also: a mean, cowardly person.

The cur ran snarling back and forth along the fence between the two houses.
mongrel
hybred

An animal or a plant resulting from various interbreedings, especially a dog of mixed or undetermined breed.
A cross between different breeds, groups, or varieties, especially a mixture that is or appears to be incongruous.

n. - 雜種, 混血兒, 雜種狗
adj. - 雜種的, 混血兒的
currish
杂种的, 下贱的
curate
An assistant to a pastor or vicar of a church.

A curate might make as many visits as the pastor to the sick of a parish.
curd
凝乳
curdle
v
coagulate, congeal
curmudgeon
n.
An ill-tempered person full of resentment and stubborn notions.
cursive
Having the successive letters joined together: cursive writing; a cursive style of type.

n.
A cursive character or letter.
A manuscript written in cursive characters.
adj. - 連接的, 草書體的, 草書的
n. - 草書, 草書原稿
cursory
adj.
Performed with haste and scant attention to detail: a cursory glance at the headlines

Lacking in intellectual depth or thoroughness: one-dimensional, shallow, sketchy, skin-deep, superficial, uncritical. See surface/depth.

Quick and superficial.

It was obvious by the sloppiness that the project was done in a cursory manner.
curt
brusque
e.g
a curt reply
a curt manner
curvaceous
阿娜多姿的, 曲线的
cuticle
表皮
cuttlefish
乌贼, 墨鱼
cyclone
旋风, 飓风
cygnet
a young swan
cyclamate
an artificial sweetener
糖精
cynosure
An object that serves as a focal point of attention and admiration.
Something that serves to guide

The center of attention.

The wonderful singer became the cynosure of all of the people on the plaza.
cypress
柏树
cytology
细胞学
daguerreotype
银板照相法, 用银版法拍摄
dally
to waste time, or do sth very slow
crumple
To crush together or press into wrinkles; rumple.
To cause to collapse.
v.intr.
To become wrinkled.
To collapse: a regime that finally crumpled.
n.
An irregular fold, crease, or wrinkle.

Definition: make or become wrinkled
Antonyms: straighten

v. tr. - 弄皺, 壓皺, 使一蹶不振
v. intr. - 起皺, 倒坍, 倒下, 一蹶不振
n. - 褶皺, 皺紋
crusade
n. - 十字軍東侵, 改革運動, 宗教戰爭
v. intr. - 加入十字軍, 投身正義運

e.g. crusade against crime
crustacean
A large class of shelled, mostly water-dwelling animals with segmented limbs.

The lobster is a popular crustacean found in Maine
cryptic
deliberately mysterious or having a secret meaning
cryptogram
密码, 暗号
cub
The young of certain carnivorous animals, such as the bear, wolf, or lion.
A youth, especially one who is inexperienced, awkward, or ill-mannered.
A novice or learner, particularly in newspaper reporting.

The baby of certain animals such as the wolf, fox, and bear. Also: a beginner in some professions.

A bear cub might come out of the den when it becomes warm in the spring.
incubation
潜伏期
cuddle
拥抱, 搂抱
v.tr.
To fondle in the arms; hug tenderly. See synonyms at caress.

v.intr.
To nestle; snuggle.

n.
The act of cuddling; a hug or embrace
cuff
1.
n. - 袖口, 手銬, 翻邊
v. tr. - 為...上袖口, 給...上手銬
2.
v. tr. - 掌擊, 打, 摑
n. - 掌擊, 一巴掌 (esp in a friendly way)
culinary
adj.
Of or relating to a kitchen or to cookery
cullender
colander
culpable
deserving blame
inculpate
To incriminate.

opp. exculpate
exculpate
To clear of guilt or blame.

opp. inculpate
cult
1.A religion or religious sect generally considered to be extremist or false, with its followers often living in an unconventional manner under the guidance of an authoritarian, charismatic leader.
The followers of such a religion or sect.
2.A system or community of religious worship and ritual.
The formal means of expressing religious reverence; religious ceremony and ritual.

e.g. the leadership cult
cultivate
To improve and prepare (land), as by plowing or fertilizing, for raising crops; till.
To loosen or dig soil around (growing plants).
To grow or tend (a plant or crop).
To promote the growth of (a biological culture).
To nurture; foster. See synonyms at nurture.
To form and refine, as by education.
To seek the acquaintance or goodwill of; make friends with
dalliance
Definition: dawdling
Antonyms: hastening, hurrying, push, rush

1. the deliberate act of wasting time instead of working
Synonyms: dawdling, trifling, wasting time


Meaning #2: playful behavior intended to arouse sexual interest
Synonyms: flirt, flirting, flirtation, coquetry, toying
dawdle
to take a long time to do sth or go somewhere. To waste time

e.g. I dawdled all morning.
dainty
Delicately pretty.

Her dress was new and pretty and it made her feel like a dainty lady.

adjective

Appealing to refined taste: choice, delicate, elegant, exquisite, fine. See good/bad, ingestion.
Very difficult to please: choosy, exacting, fastidious, finical, finicky, fussy, meticulous, nice, particular, persnickety, squeamish. Informal picky. See accept/reject.
noun

Something fine and delicious, especially a food: delicacy, morsel, tidbit, treat. Informal goody. See good/bad, ingestion.
dandy
花花公子, 好打扮的人
dandified
To dress as or cause to resemble a dandy.
dangle
悬挂, 吊胃口
dappled
有斑点的, 斑驳的
daredevil
sb who likes doings dangerous things
dashing
有活力的, 有朝气的