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334 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Question
Answer
abate
subside or moderate
aberrant
Deviating from the proper or expected course.
Deviating from what is normal; untrue to type.
None
abeyance
suspended action
abscond
depart secretly and hide
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking, temperate
admonish
warn, reprove
adulterate
make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
aesthetic
artistic
aggregate
gather, accumulate
alacrity
cheerful promptness, eagerness
alleviate
relieve
amalgamate
combine, unite in one body
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
ameliorate
improve
anachronism
something or someone misplaced in time
analogous
comparable
anarchy
absence of governing body, state of disorder
anomalous
abnormal, irregular
antipathy
Deep-seated hatred, as between longtime opponents or rivals

Extreme hostility and dislike
None
apathy
lack or caring, indifference
appease
pacify or soother, relieve
apprise
inform
approbation
An expression of warm approval; praise.

Official approval.
None
appropriate
acquire, take possession of for one's own use
arduous
hard, stenuous
artless
1.without guile, open and honest

2.Free of artificiality; natural

3.Of a plain and unsophisticated nature
None
ascetic
practicing self-denial, austere
assiduous
diligent
assuage
ease or lessen (pain), satisty (hunger), soother (anger)
attenuate
make thinner, weaken or lessen ( in density, force, degree)
audacious
daring, bold
austere
Severe or stern in disposition or appearance; somber and grave
None
autonomous
self-governing
aver
assert confidently or declare
banal
hackneyed, commonplate, trite, lacking originality
belie
contradict, give a false impression
None
beneficent
kindly, doing good
bolster
support, reinforce
bombastic
pompous, using inflated language
boorish
rude, insensitive
burgeon
grow forth, send out buds
burnish
make shiny by rubbing, polish
buttress
support, prop up
cacophonous
discordant, inharmonious
capricious
1. Determined or marked by whim or caprice rather than reason; arbitrary

2. Following no predictable pattern
None
castigation
punishment, severe criticism
catalyst
agent that influences the pace of a chemical reaction while it remains unaffected and unchanged, person or thing that causes action
caustic
burning, sarcastically biting
chicanery
trickery, deception
coagulate
thicken, congeal, clot
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition, something that summarizes or concludes
cogent
convincing

Based on good judgment, reasoning, or evidence
None
commensurate
corresponding in extent or degree or amount, proportionate
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary
complaisant
trying to please, overly polite, obliging
compliant
yielding, conforming to requirements
conciliatory
reconciling, soothing
condone
overlook, forgive, give tacit approval, excuse
confound
confuse, puzzle
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of something, a lover of an art
contention
claim, thesis
contentious
Given to arguing

Having or showing an eagerness to fight

Inclined to act in a hostile way
None
contrite
Feeling regret and sorrow for one's sins or offenses; penitent.
None
conundrum
riddle, difficult problem
converge
approach, tend to meet, come together
convoluted
coiled around, involved, intricate
craven
cowardly
daunt
To abate the courage of; discourage
None
decorum
propriety, orderliness and good taste in manners, proper manners
None
default
failure to act
deference
courteous regard for another's wish
delineate
To draw or trace the outline of; sketch out.
To represent pictorially; depict.
To depict in words or gestures; describe
None
denigrate
To attack the character or reputation of; speak ill of; defame
None
deride
ridicule, make fun of
derivative
unoriginal, obtained from another source
desiccate
To dry out thoroughly.
To preserve (foods) by removing the moisture. See synonyms at dry.
To make dry, dull, or lifeless.
None
desultory
aimless, haphazard, disgressing at random
deterrent
something that discourages, hindrance
diatribe
bitter scolding, invective

A long, violent, or blustering speech, usually of censure or denunciation
None
dichotomy
split, branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
diffidence
shyness
diffuse
wordy, rambling, spread out (like a gas)
digression
wandering away from the subject
dirge
lament with music
disabuse
correct a false impression, undeceive
discerning
mentally quick and observant, having insight
discordant
not harmonious, conflicting
discredit
defame, destroy confidence in, disbelieve
discrepancy
lack of consistency, difference
discrete
separate, unconnected, consisting of distinct parts
disingenuous
lacking genuine candor, insincere
disinterested
unprejudiced
disjointed
lacking coherence, separated at the joints
dismiss
eliminate from consideration, reject
disparage
belittle
disparate
basically different, unrelated
dissemble
To disguise or conceal behind a false appearance
None
disseminate
distribute, spread, scatter (like seeds)
dissolution
disintegration, looseness in morals
dissonance
discord, opposite of harmony
distend
expand, swell out
distill
purify, refine, concentrate
diverge
vary, go in different directions from the same point
divest
strip, deprive
document
provide written evidence
dogmatic
Characterized by an authoritative, arrogant assertion of unproved or unprovable principles
None
dormant
sleeping, lethargic, latent
dupe
someone easily fooled
ebullient
showing excitement, overflowing with enthusiasm

Boiling or seeming to boil; bubbling.
None
eclectic
selective, composed of elements drawn from disparate sources
efficacy
power to produce desired effect
effrontery
impudence, shameless boldness, sheer nerve, presumptuousness
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation
elicit
draw out by discussion
embellish
adorn, ornament, enhance (as a story)
empirical
based on experience
emulate
imitate, rival
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country
enervate
weaken
engender
To bring into existence
None
enhance
increase, improve
ephemeral
short-lived, fleeting
equanimity
calmness of temperament, composure
equivocate
To use evasive or deliberately vague language

To stray from truthfulness or sincerity
None
erudite
learned, scholarly
esoteric
hard to understand, known only to the chosen few
eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death
euphemism
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one
exacerbate
worsen, embitter
exculpate
clear from blame
exigency
urgent situation, pressing needs or demands, state of requiring immediate attention
extrapolation
(mathematics) calculation of the value of a function outside the range of known values

an inference about the future (or about some hypothetical situation) based on known facts and observations
None
facetious
joking (often inappropriately), humorous
facilitate
help bring about, make less difficult
fallacious
false, misleading
fatuous
Foolish or silly, especially in a smug or self-satisfied way
None
fawning
trying to please by behaving flattering or cringing
felicitous
apt, suitably expressed, well chosen
fervor
glowing ardor, intensity of feeling
flag
To hang limply; droop

To signal with or as if with a flag
None
fledgling
inexperienced
flout
reject, mock, show contempt for
foment
stir up, instigate
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
frugality
thrift, economy
futile
useless, hopeless, ineffectual
gainsay
deny
garrulous
Given to excessive and often trivial or rambling talk; tiresomely talkative.
Wordy and rambling: a garrulous speech.
None
goad
urge on
gouge
overcharge
grandiloquent
pompous, bombastic, using high-sounding language
gregarious
sociable
guileless
without deceit
gullible
easily deceived
harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech
homogeneous
of the same kind
hyperbole
A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect, as in I could sleep for a year or This book weighs a ton
None
iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions
idolatry
worship of idols, excessive admiration
immutable
unchangeable
impair
injure, hurt
impassive
without feeling, imperturbable, stoical
impede
hinder, block
impermeable
impervious, not permitting passage through its substance
imperturbable
calm, placid
impervious
impenetrable, incapable of being damaged or distressed
implacable
incapable of being pacified
implicit
Implied or understood though not directly expressed

Having no doubts or reservations
None
implode
burst inward
inadvertently
unintentionaly, by oversight or carelessly
inchoate
recently begun, rudimentary, elementary
incongruity
lack of harmony, absurdity
inconsequential
insignificant, unimportant
incorporate
introduce something into a larger whole, combine, unite
indeterminate
uncertain, not clearly fixed, indefinite
indigence
poverty
indolent
lazy
inert
inactive, lacking power to move
ingenuous
Lacking in cunning, guile, or worldliness; artless

Openly straightforward or frank; candid
None
inherent
firmly established by nature or habit
innocuous
harmless
insensible
unconscious, unresponsive
insinuate
hint, imply, creep in
insipid
lacking in flavor, dull
insularity
narrow-mindedness, isolation
intractable
unruly, stubborn, unyielding
intransigence
refusal of any compromise, stubborness
inundate
overwhelm, flood, submerge
inured
To habituate to something undesirable, especially by prolonged subjection; accustom: “Though the food became no more palatable, he soon became sufficiently inured to it” (John Barth).
None
invective
Harsh, often insulting language, verbal abuse
None
irascible
irritable, easily angered
irresolute
uncertain how to act, weak
itinerary
plan of a trip
laconic
brief and to the point

Using or marked by the use of few words; terse or concise
None
lassitude
languor, weariness
latent
potential but undeveloped, dormant, hidden
laud
praise
lethargic
drowsy, dull
levee
earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding
levity
Lightness of manner or speech, especially when inappropriate; frivolity.

Inconstancy; changeableness.

The state or quality of being light; buoyancy
None
log
record of a voyage or flight, record of day-to-day activities
loquacious
talkative
lucid
easily understood, clear, intelligible
luminous
shining, issuing light
magnanimity
generosity
malingerer
one who feigns illness to escape duty
malleable
capable of being shaped by pounding, impressionable
maverick
rebel, nonconformist
mendacious
lying, habitually dishonest
metamorphosis
change in form
meticulous
excessively careful, painstaking, scrupulous
misanthrope
one who hates mankind
mitigate
appease, moderate
mollify
soothe
morose
ill-humored, sullen, melancholy
mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual, every-day
negate
cancel out, nullify, deny
neophyte
recent convert, beginner
obdurate
stubborn
obsequious
slavishly attentive, servile, sycophantic
obviate
make unnecessary, get rid of
occlude
shut, close

prevent the passage of
None
officious
meddlesome, excessively pushy in offering one's services
onerous
burdensome
opprobrium
infamy, vilification
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike, waver
ostentatious
showy, pretentious, trying to attract attention
paragon
model of perfection
partisan
one-sided, prejudiced, committed to a party
pathological
pertaining to disease

Of, relating to, or manifesting behavior that is habitual, maladaptive, and compulsive
None
paucity
scarcity
pedantic
Characterized by a narrow, often ostentatious concern for book learning and formal rules
None
penchant
strong inclination, liking
penury
severe poverty, stinginess
perennial
something long-lasting
perfidious
treacherous, disloyal
perfunctory
superficial, not thorough, lacking interest or care or enthusiasm
permeable
penetrable, porous, alowing liquids or gas to pass through
pervasive
spread throughout
phlegmatic
calm, not easily disturbed

unemotional
None
piety
devoutness, reverence for God
placate
pacify, conciliate
plasticity
ability to be molded
platitude
trite remark, commonplace statement
plethora
excess, overadundance
plummet
fall sharply
porous
full of pores, like a sieve
pragmatic
practical (as opposed to idealistic), concerned with the practical worth or impact of something
preamble
introductory statement
precarious
uncertain, risky
precipitate
To cause to happen, especially suddenly or prematurely

To throw from or as if from a great height; hurl downward

Moving rapidly and heedlessly; speeding headlong

Occurring suddenly or unexpectedly
None
precursor
forerunner
presumptuous
arrogant, taking liberties
prevaricate
lie
pristine
characteristic of earlier times, primitive, unspoiled
probity
uprightness, incorruptibility
problematic
doubtful, unsettled, questionable, perplexing
prodigal
wasteful, reckless with money
profound
deep, not superficial, complete
prohibitive
tending to prevent the purchase or use of something, inclined to prevent or forbid
proliferate
grow rapidly, spread, multiple
propensity
natural inclination
propitiate
appease
propriety
fitness, correct conduct
proscribe
ostracize, banish, outlaw
pungent
stinging, sharp in taste or smell, caustic
qualified
limited, restricted
quibble
minor objection or complaint
quiescent
at rest, dormant, temporarily inactive
rarefied
made less dense (of a gas)
recalcitrant
obstinately stubborn, determined to resist authority, unruly
recant
disclaim or disavow, retract a previous statement, openly confess eror
recluse
hermit, loner
recondite
abstruse, profound, secret
refractory
stubborn, unmanageable
refute
disprove
relegate
banish to an inferior position, delegate, assign
reproach
express disapproval or disappointment
reprobate
n.
A morally unprincipled person.
One who is predestined to damnation.
adj.
Morally unprincipled; shameless.
Rejected by God and without hope of salvation
None
repudiate
To reject emphatically as unfounded, untrue, or unjust

To reject the validity or authority of
None
rescind
cancel
resolution
determination
resolve
determination, firmness of purpose
reticent
reserved, uncommunicative, inclined to silence
reverent
respectful, worshipful
sage
person celebrated for wisdom
salubrious
Conducive or favorable to health or well-being
None
sanction
approve, ratify
satiate
satisfy fully
saturate
soak thoroughly
savor
enjoy, have a distinctive flavor or smell or quality
secrete
hide away or cache, produce and release a substance into an organism
shard
fragment, generally of potter
skeptic
doubter, person who suspends judgment until having examined the evidence supporting a point of view
solicitous
worried, concerned
soporific
sleep-causing, marked by sleepiness
specious
Having the ring of truth or plausibility but actually fallacious

Deceptively attractive
None
spectrum
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism
sporadic
occurring irregularly
stigma
token of disgrace, brand
stint
To restrict or limit, as in amount or number; be sparing with.

To subsist on a meager allowance; be frugal

A length of time spent in a particular way: a two-year stint in the military
None
stipulate
make express conditions, specify
stolid
dull, impassive
striated
marked with parallel bands, grooved
strut
pompous walk, supporting bar
subpoena
writ summoning a witness to appear
subside
settle down, descend, grow quiet
substantiate
establish by evidence, verify, support
supersede
cause to be set aside, replace, make obsolete
supposition
hypothesis, surmise
tacit
understood, not put into words
tangential
peripheral, only slightly connected, digressing
tenuous
thin, rare, slim
tirade
extended scolding, denunciation, harangue
torpor
lethargy, sluggishness, dormancy
tortuous
winding, full of curves

Highly involved; complex
None
tractable
docile, easily managed
transgression
violation of a law, sin
truculence
aggressiveness, ferocity
vacillate
waver, fluctuate

To swing indecisively from one course of action or opinion to another
None
venerate
revere
veracious
truthful
verbose
wordy
viable
practical or workable, capable of maintaining life
viscous
sticky, gluey
vituperative
abusive, scolding
volatile
changeable, explosive, evaporating rapidly
warranted
justified, authorized
wary
very cautious
welter
turmoil, bewildering jumble
whimsical
capricious, fanciful
zealot
fanatic, person who shows excessive zeal