Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/249

Click to flip

249 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abrogate
repeal or annul by formal authority
abut
to touch along a border or with a projecting part
acarpous
effete, no longer fertile, worn out
acrimonious
caustic, biting, or rancorous especially in feeling, language or manner
adumbrate
to give a sketchy representation or outine of; to suggest or disclose partially; to foreshadow vaguely
adventitious
coming from another source and not inherent or innate
agonistic
of, relating to, or being aggressive or defensive social interaction (as fighting, fleeing, or submitting) between individuals usually of the same species; argumentative; striving for effect
alacrity
eager and cheerful readiness
amortize
to provide for the gradual extinguishment of (as a mortgage) usually by contribution to a sinking fund at the time of each periodic interest payment
aphorism
a concise statement of a principle; terse formulation of a truth or sentiment
aplomb
complete and confident composure or self-assurance; poise
apotheosis
elevation to divine status
apprise
give notice to, inform
approbation
an act of approving formally or officially; commendation, praise
arabesque
a complex, ornate design: ornament or style that employs flower, foliage, or fruit and sometimes animal and figural outlines to produce an intricate pattern of interlaced lines
appurtenance
a subordinate part or adjunct; accessory objects
arrant
being notoriously without moderation; extreme
arraign
to call (a defendant) before a court to answer to an indictment; to accuse of wrong, inadequacy, or imperfection
artifice
clever or artful skill; an artful strategem, trick
asceptic
preventing infection; lacking vitality, emotion, or warmth
asperity
roughness of manner or of temper
aspersion
slander, calumny
assiduous
marked by careful unremitting attention or persistent application
astringent
suggestive of an astringent effect upon tissue : rigidly severe; pungent, caustic
atavistic
recurrence of or reversion to a past style, manner, outlook, or approach
attenuate
to make thin or slender: to reduce the severity, virulence, or vitality of
auspice
kindly patronage and guidance
aver
to verify or prove to be true in pleading a cause; allege or assert in pleading
avocation
a subordinate occupation pursued in addition to one's vocation especially for enjoyment
axiology
the theory of value
bedizen
to dress or adorn gaudily
belie
to give a false impression of: to show (something) to be false or wrong
bifucate
to cause to divide into two branches or parts; to divide into two branches or parts
bilge
the bulging part of a cask or barrel; stale or worthless remarks or ideas
bilk
to cheat out of something valuable, defraud
brisket
the breast or lower chest of a quadruped animal
brook
tolerate, endure
burgeon
growh forth, send out buds
burnish
to polish, rub to a shine
cabal
a scheme or plot, a group of plotters
cadge
to beg, to get by begging
callipers
metal supports attached to the legss; measuring instrument
callow
lacking adult sophistication; immature
calumny
a misrepresentation intended to blacken another's reputation
canvass
discuss thoroughly; solicit support
carpous
having (such) fruit or (so many) fruits
chafe
to rub and thereby cause wear or irritation
chaff
something comparatively worthless; the seed coverings and other debris separated from the seed in threshing grain
chary
discreetly cautious, slow to grant, accept, or expend
cloture
the closing or limitation of debate in a legislative body especially by calling for a vote
coeval
of the same or equal age, antiquity, or duration: contemporary
collusion
secret agreement or cooperation especially for an illegal or deceitful purpose
compunction
anxiety arising from awareness of guilt
consternation
amazement or dismay that hinders or throws into confusion
contemn
to scorn or despise
contentious
exhibiting an often perverse and wearisome tendency to quarrels and disputes
continence
self-restraint; a refraining from sexual intercourse
contumacious
insubordinate, rebelliuos
convoke
call together, summon
cord
a unit of wood cut for fuel
cordon
a line of troops or of military posts enclosing an area to prevent passage
countervail
to exert force against an opposing and often bad or harmful force or influence
debacle
a violent disruption; a great disaster, a complete failure
demagogue
leader who makes use of popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power
deposition
an act of removing from a position of authority
descry
to catch sight of
dessicate
to dry up; to drain of emotional or intellectual vitality
dessicant
a drying agent; substance used to absorb moisture
desuetude
discontinuance from use or exercise
detumescence
subsidence or diminution of swelling or erection
dilatory
tending or intended to cause delay; characterized by procrastination
dilettante
a person having a superficial interest in an art or a branch of knowledge
disapprobation
the state of being disapproving
discomfit
to put into a state of perplexity and embarrassment
discountenance
to look with disfavor on : discourage by evidence of disapproval
disinter
dig up from the earth
diurnal
of, relating to, or occurring in the daytime, recurring every day
doggerel
(verse) loosely styled and irregular in measure especially for burlesque or comic effect; marked by triviality or inferiority
draconian
relating to, or characteristic of Draco or the severe code of laws held to have been framed by him
dregs
the most undesirable part -- usually used in plural
dross
waste or foreign matter; something that is base, trivial, or inferior
ebullience
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts or feelings
edacious
of or relating to eating; voracious, devouring
effete
having lost character, vitality, or strength
effluvia
an invisible emanation; especially : an offensive exhalation or smell
elegy
a lament, a melancholy composition
encomium
glowing and warmly enthusiastic praise
enfranchise
to admit to the privileges of a citizen and especially to the right of suffrage
enjoin
forbid, prohibit; to direct or impose by authoritative order or with urgent admonition
enormity
the quality or state of being immoderate, monstrous, or outrageous, a quality of momentous importance
epigram
a terse, sage, or witty and often paradoxical saying
eponym
one for whom or which something is or is believed to be named
equable
marked by lack of variation or change, uniform
equanimity
evenness of mind especially under stress
equipoise
a state of equilibrium
equivocal
subject to two or more interpretations and usually used to mislead or confuse
equivocate
to use equivocal language especially with intent to deceive; to avoid committing oneself in what one says
eremite
One who has retired into solitude from religious motives; a recluse, hermit
etiology
a branch of knowledge concerned with causes; specifically : a branch of medical science concerned with the causes and origins of diseases
euhemerism
interpretation of myths as traditional accounts of historical persons and events
evince
to constitute outward evidence of; to display clearly, reveal
exhume
disinter; to bring back from neglect or obscurity
exigent
requiring immediate aid or action; requiring or calling for much, demanding
exonerate
to relieve of a responsibility, obligation, or hardship; to clear from accusation or blame
expurgate
to cleanse of something morally harmful, offensive, or erroneous
expunge
to strike out, obliterate, or mark for deletion
excind
to cut off or out
exsert
to thrust out
extirpate
to destroy completely
fatuous
complacently or inanely foolish
feckless
weak, ineffective; worthless, irresponsible
felicitious
very well suited or expressed, apt; pleasant, delightful
feral
of, relating to, or suggestive of a wild beast; not domesticated or cultivated
finical
finicky
foment
to promote the growth or development of; rouse, incite
foppish
like a man who pays too much attention to his clothes
forbearance
a refraining from the enforcement of something, patience, leniency
froward
habitually disposed to disobedience and opposition
fulminate
to send forth censures or invectives; berate, explode
vituperate
to abuse or censure severely or abusively; berate, scold
fulsome
aesthetically, morally, or generally offensive; exceeding the bounds of good taste
gainsay
to declare to be untrue or invalid
gambol
to skip about in play; frisk, frolic
garner
to gather into storage; to acquire by effort; earn, accumulate, collect
gaucherie
a tactless or awkward act
germane
being at once relevant and appropriate; fitting
gull
to take advantage of (one who is foolish or unwary)
harangue
a ranting speech or writing
harrow
to distress, create stress or torment
hermetic
impervious to external influence; relating to or characterized by occultism or abstruseness
hirsute
covered with coarse stiff hairs
iconoclast
one who attacks settled beliefs or institutions
imbroglio
an intricate or complicated situation; acutely painful or embarrassing misunderstanding
impecunious
having very little or no money habitually
importune
to beg, urge, or solicit persistently or troublesomely
imprecation
an invocation of evil; a curse
impugn
to assail by words or arguments : oppose or attack as false or lacking integrity
impute
to attribute to a cause or source, ascribe
inchoate
being only partly in existence or operation; especially : imperfectly formed or formulated; formless
incumbent
imposed as a duty, obligatory
indigent
impoverished
indulgent
lenient
infintesimal
immeasurably or incalculably small
insouciance
lighthearted unconcern; nonchalance
instantiate
to represent (an abstraction) by a concrete instance
insularity
characteristic of an isolated people; especially : being, having, or reflecting a narrow provincial viewpoint
inter
: to deposit (a dead body) in the earth or in a tomb
intransigent
refusing to compromise or to abandon an extreme position or attitude; uncompromising
inur
to accustom to accept something undesirable
inveigh
to attach verbally, denounce, deprecate
intransigent
refusing to compromise or to abandon an extreme position or attitude; uncompromising
involute
involved, intricate
irascible
marked by hot temper and easily provoked anger
irresolute
uncertain how to act or proceed; vacillating
irruption
to rush in forcibly or violently; to undergo a sudden upsurge in numbers; erupt
jibe
to deride or tease with taunting words
jocular
meant as a joke
juggernaut
a massive inexorable force, campaign, movement, or object that crushes whatever is in its path
lassitude
weariness or debility; listlessness
lien
a charge upon real or personal property for the satisfaction of some debt or duty ordinarily arising by operation of law
liminal
barely perceptible, relating to a sensory threshold
limn
to outline in clear sharp detail, delineate; to draw or paint on a surface; describe
lithe
characterized by easy flexibility and grace; easily bent
lucubration
laborious or intensive study; also : the product of such study -- usually used in plural
luculent
clear in thought or expression; lucid
macerate
to cause to waste away by or as if by excessive fasting
magnate
person of rank, power, influence, or distinction often in a specified area
malapropism
the usually unintentionally humorous misuse or distortion of a word or phrase
malinger
to pretend incapacity (as illness) so as to avoid duty or work
manumit
to release from slavery
mimetic
relating to, characterized by, or exhibiting mimicry
mellifluous
having a smooth rich flow; filled with something that sweetens
mereology
The formal study of the relations between parts and wholes
meretricious
tawdrily and falsely attractive, of or relating to a prostitute; superficially significant, pretentious
metonymy
a figure of speech consisting of the use of the name of one thing for that of another of which it is an attribute or with which it is associated
mettlesome
full of mettle, spirited
minatory
having a menacing quality, threatening
modicum
A small quantity or portion; a moderate or limited amount
modish
fashionable; stylish
monolithic
exhibiting or characterized by often rigidly fixed uniformity; huge
nascent
coming or having recently come into existence
nonchalant
having an air of easy unconcern or indifference
nonplussed
to cause to be at a loss as to what to say, think, or do; perplexed
nostrum
medicine of secret composition recommended by its preparer but usually without scientific proof of its effectiveness
obfuscate
darken, to make obscure; confuse
obloquy
a strongly condemnatory utterance, abusive language; the condition of one that is discredited : bad repute
obsequious
marked by or exhibiting a fawning attentiveness
obstreperous
marked by unruly or aggressive noisiness; stubbornly resistant to control
odium
the state or fact of being subjected to hatred and contempt as a result of a despicable act or blameworthy circumstance; hatred and condemnation accompanied by loathing or contempt
officious
volunteering one's services where they are neither asked nor needed, meddlesome
opprobium
public disgrace or ill fame that follows from conduct considered grossly wrong or vicious; something that brings disgrace
orthogenisis
variation of organisms in successive generations that in some evolutionary theories takes place in some predestined direction and results in progressive evolutionary trends independent of external factors
ossify
to change into bone; to become hardened or conventional and opposed to change
paean
a joyous song or hymn of praise, tribute, thanksgiving, or triumph
palatial
suitable to a palace, magnificent
palliate
to moderate the intensity of; to reduce the violence of (a disease); to cover by excuses and apologies
palpitate
to beat rapidly and strongly, throb
panegyric
a eulogistic oration or writing; also : formal or elaborate praise
panoply
a magnificent or impressive array; a display of all appropriate appurtenances
pariah
outcast; a member of a low caste of southern India
patent
readily visible or intelligible, obvious
peccadillo
a slight offense
pellucid
easy to understand; admitting maximum passage of light without diffusion or distortion
percipient
one that perceives; capable of or characterized by perception; a person on whose mind a telepathic impulse or message is held to fall
peregrinate
to travel especially on foot
peremptory
demanding or leaving no choice
perquisite
a privilege, gain, or profit incidental to regular salary or wages
perspicuous
plain to the understanding especially because of clarity and precision of presentation
petrous
Of the nature of, or as hard as, stone or rock; stony, rocky; of, relating to, or constituting the exceptionally hard and dense portion of the human temporal bone that contains the internal auditory organs
petulant
insolent or rude in speech or behavior; characterized by temporary or capricious ill humor, peevish
phantasmagoric
an exhibition or display of optical effects and illusions; a scene that constantly changes; a bizarre or fantastic combination, collection, or assemblage
philistine
a person who is guided by materialism and is usually disdainful of intellectual or artistic values; one uninformed in a special area of knowledge
picaresque
of or relating to rogues or rascals
pi (pied)
to spill or throw into disorder
plebiscite
vote by which the people of an entire country or district express an opinion for or against a proposal, especially on a choice of government or ruler
pliant
easily influenced; pliable (literally)
polyglot
a mixture or confusion of languages or nomenclatures
preternatural
existing outside of nature; exceeding what is natural or regular; inexplicable by ordinary means
prevaricate
to deviate from the truth; equivocate
probity
adherence to the highest principles and ideals; uprightness
prodigious
exciting amazement or wonder; extraordinary in bulk, quantity, or degree
profligate
completely given up to dissipation and licentiousness
propitious
favorably disposed, tending to favor, benevolent, advantageous, auspicious
punctilious
marked by or concerned about precise accordance with the details of codes or conventions
purvey
to supply (as provisions) usually as a matter of business
pusillanimous
lacking courage and resolution : marked by contemptible timidity
quaff
to drink (a beverage) deeply
quail
to recoil in dread or terror; wither, decline, falter
quiescent
marked by inactivity or repose : tranquilly at rest
raconteur
a person who excels in telling anecdotes
raffish
marked by or suggestive of flashy vulgarity or crudeness
rapacious
excessively grasping or covetous; voracious
recalcitrant
obstinately defiant of authority or restraint; difficult to manage or operate
recidivism
a tendency to relapse into a previous condition or mode of behavior; especially : relapse into criminal behavior
recondite
hidden from sight; difficult or impossible for one of ordinary understanding or knowledge to comprehend
redolent
exuding fragrance, aromatic; evocative, suggestive
redoubtable
causing fear or alarm, formidable; worthy of respect, illustrious, eminent
refractory
resisting control or authority; stubborn, unmanageable
refulgence
a radiant or resplendent quality or state, brilliance
regale
to entertain sumptuously : feast with delicacies; to give pleasure or amusement to
remonstrate
to say or plead in protest, reproof, or opposition; to present and urge reasons in opposition
repine
to feel or express dejection or discontent; long for something
reprisal
the regaining of something; something (as a sum of money) given or paid in restitution; a retaliatory act
reprobate
foreordained to damnation, morally corrupt; to condemn strongly as unworthy, unacceptable, or evil
requite
to make return for : repay : to make retaliation for : avenge
restitution
an act of restoring or a condition of being restored; a making good of or giving an equivalent for some injury
testive
testy
salacious
arousing or appealing to sexual desire or imagination; lecherous, lustful
salubrious
favorable to or promoting health or well-being