Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
absolute phrase
a phrase that is related to a sentence in meaning although it has no grammatical relationship to the sentence
abstract noun
a noun that names a quality or mental concept; something intangible that exists only in our minds
active voice sentence
a sentence where the subject performs the action
a word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun
adjective clause
a clause that functions as an adjective and usually begins with a relative pronoun that is often omitted
a noun, usually before the pronoun, that the pronoun replaces
groupings of nouns and pronouns that tell how the words in question are related to the other words used with them
a group of related words containing both a subject and a predicate
collective noun
a noun that describes a group of people or things that are considered a single unit
comma splice
an incorrect sentence construction in which two independent clauses are fused together with a comma
common noun
a noun that does not name a specific person, place, thing, or idea
comparative adjective
compares two persons, places, things, or ideas
a word often used to complete the meaning of an intransitive verb without receiving the intransitive verb's action and with copulative (linking) verbs to describe state of being
compound sentence
a sentence with at least two verbs and two subjects
concrete noun
a noun that names a member of a class; a group of people, places, or things that is physical, visible, and tangible
a word that connects other words to each other
countable noun
a noun that can be made plural via changing the ending, ususally by adding "s"
declarative statement
a sentence that makes a statement
demonstrative pronoun
a pronoun that points to or identifies a noun without explicitly naming it
dependent clause
a group of connected words that have both a predicate and a subject but still cannot stand alone
direct object
a word that receives a direct action from the subject of a sentence
elliptical clause
an instance in which clause elements are omitted if the context makes clear what is being indicated
exclamatory statement
a sentence that communicates a strong emotion or surprise
first person
indicates an "I" or "we" as the subject of the sentence
future tense
an expression of action that takes place in a time to follow the present
an expression that is characteristic of a particular language
a verb used as a command
indefinite pronoun
a pronoun that has an unknown or ambiguous antecedent
independent (main) clause
a clause that can stand by itself as a simple sentence
indicative mood
a verb used to state a fact or ask a question
indirect object
a word that receives the action of the subject of the sentence indirectly
the basic form of the verb, usually preceded by the preposition "to"
used to express strong emotion or surprise
interrogative pronoun
a pronoun that poses as a question
interrogative statement
a sentence that asks a question
intransitive verb
a verb that does not take an object
misplaced modifier
a modifier that is not placed near the word it modifies
indicates the tone of a verb
"nominal" of a sentence
a word or group of words that can function as a noun
nominative case
when a noun or pronoun is the subject of the verb
noncountable verb
a noun that cannot be made plural via changing the ending, usually by adding "s"
a person, place, thing, animal, action, or quality
noun compound
a group of words (usually two) that functions as a single part of speech
object of the preposition
the noun after the preposition
objective case
when a noun or pronoun is used as the direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition
participal phrase
a phrase that contains a participle and its modifiers, which is used as an adjective to modify a noun or pronoun
passive voice sentence
a sentence in which the subject receives the action
past tense
an expression of action that is completed at a definite moment before the present
indicates who is speaking and whether the subject is singular or plural
personal pronoun
a pronoun that refers to beings and objects; the basic ones are: I, you, he, she, we, they
a group of connected words without a subject or predicate
positive adjective
describes a noun or pronoun on its own terms, without comparing it to anything else
possessive case
a noun or pronoun used to show ownership
the action of the sentence or what is said about the subject
a word that demonstrates the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence
prepositional phrase
a phrase that beings with a preposition and contains a noun and its modifiers
present tense
an expression of action that goes on in the current time or with regularity
a word that replaces a noun
proper noun
the official name of a particular person, place, or thing
regular verb
a verb that forms the past tense by adding "ed" to the basic verb
relative pronoun
a pronoun that relates to one part of a sentence to a word in another part of the sentence
run-on sentence
two complete sentences totally fused
second person
indicates a "you" singular or "you" plural as the subject of the sentence
a group of words that contain a subject and predicate and ends with a period, exclaimation point, or question mark
sentence fragment
part of a sentence; usually missing a predicate or a subject
split infinitive
an instance in which the words that make up an infinitive are separated by one or more words
subject of the sentence
the part of a sentence about which something is said
an uncommon construction used to express with exactitude how a verb usage is to be interpreted
compares three or more persons, places, or things
third person
indicates "he," "she," "it," or they as the subject of the sentence
transitive verb
a verb that takes an object to complete its meaning
a word showing action or state of being