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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adverb clauses modify?
verb
adj.
adverb
adjective clauses modify?
noun
pronoun
direct object
a word or group of words that receive the action of the verb in the sentence
predicate adjective
follows linking verb and modifies the subject of a sentence
predicate nominative
a word or group of words that renames, identifies or refers to the subject of a sentence
predicate nominative
a word or group of words that renames, identifies or refers to the subject of a sentence
indirect object
tells to whom, to what, for whom, or for what the action expressed by the verb is performed. Needs a direct object...
adjective phrase
when a prep. phrase modifies a noun or pronoun, it acts as an adjective.
adverb phrase
when a prep. phrase modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb, it acts as an adverb.
verbal
verb that functions in a sentence as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
participle
functions as an adjective
gerund
verb that ends in -ing but acts as a noun
infinitive
made up of a verb and the word "to" in front of it.
functions as:
noun
adj.
adverb
appositive
a noun or pronoun placed in commas to provide further information about the word in front of it
clause
group of words with both a verb and a subject
independant clause
a clause that can stand alone
subordinate clause
a clause that cant stand alone
simple sentence
1 independant clause + 0 subordinate clauses
simple sentence
1 independant clause + 0 subordinate clauses
compound sentence
2 or more independant clause joined together by a conjuction or a ; or a : & a conjunctive adverb
complex sentence
one independant + one or more subordinate clauses
compound-complex sentence
two or more independant clauses + one or more subordinate clause