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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Both World Wars began with
events in ________.
Germany
The ruler of Germany in 1914
when World War I began.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
A promise between two or more
countries to fight together
against their enemies.
alliance
The countries that sided against Germany in World War I were called the ________.
Allies
President of the United
States during World War I.
Woodrow Wilson
The country that began to use
underwater U-boats during
World War I.
Germany
English passenger liner that
was sunk by a German U-boat
at the beginning of World War I.
Lusitania
(True/False) The sinking of
the Lusitania by the Germans
caused the United States to enter World War I.
false
(it was the German letter to Mexico)
A german letter asking Mexico
to enter World War I on
Germany's side.
Zimmerman Note
The letter to Mexico that finally caused the United
States to enter World War I.
Zimmerman Note
Countries that sided with
Germany during World War I.
Central Powers
Who surrendered on November
11, 1918 to end World War I?
the Central Powers (Germany
and the countires who sided with it).
As a result of the Central
Powers' surrender on that day
what do we celebrate on
November 11?
Veterans Day
What does Veterans Day honor?
all those who have served in
our armed forces
What organization was formed after the end of World War I?
the League of Nations
Was the period of the 1920s a
happy, prosperous time or a
sad, difficult time?
a happy, prosperous time
What was the period of the 1920s called?
the Roaring Twenties
What was the "Roaring Twenties".
The prosperous time during
the 1920s.
The first President to give
his inaugural address over
the radio.
Calvin Coolidge
People who rule by force and
allow their people little freedom.
dictators
The cruel dictator who took
control of Russia and built
the Soviet Union.
Vladimir Lenin
The Soviet Union leader in
1929 who became one of the
cruelest dictators the world
has known.
Joseph Stalin
The leader of the Soviet
Union during World War II.
Joseph Stalin
The cruel dictator of Italy
during World War II.
Benito Mussolini
The Nazi dictator of Germany
in World War II.
Adolph Hitler
The ruler of Japan during
World War II.
Emperor Hirohito
The Japanese general who
became even more powerful
than Emperor Hirohito.
Tojo
World War II began as a result
of Germany invading this country.
Poland
The major country that was
one of the few free countries
left in Europe in 1940.
Great Britain
The President of the United
States during World War II.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
According to Franklin D.
Roosevelt, who was "the great
arsenal of democracy"?
the United States
What country did Hitler break his alliance with and attack
after he had promised not to?
Russia
Name the three continents
where fighting took place during World War II.
Europe, Africa, and Asia
What were the countries of
Germany, Italy, and Japan
called during World War II?
the Axis powers
Name the Axis powers.
Germany, Italy, and japan
What were the countries called
who fought against the Axis powers?
the Allies or Allied Powers
Who were in the Allies before
the United States joined them
and entered World War II?
Great Britain and the Soviet Union
What caused the United States
to enter World War II?
the bombing of Pearl Harbor
In 1943, who was the first
Axis power to surrender?
Italy
What is V-E Day?
the day (May 7, 1945) when
Germany surrendered.
What caused the third Axis
power, Japan, to finally
surrender?
the dropping of the atomic bombs
on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The German prison camps where
millions of Jews were massacred.
concentration camps
The organization formed at
the end of World War II to try to settle problems.
the United Nations or UN
Where is the headquarters of
the United Nations or UN?
New York City
What Vice President became
the President of the United
States when Franklin D. Roosevelt died?
Harry S. Truman
What German city was divided
by a wall that became known
as the "Wall of Shame"?
Berlin
An agreement to stop fighting.
truce