Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/16

Click to flip

16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is passing of traits from parent to offspring?
heredity
What are the different forms of a trait that a gene may have called?
alleles
What is the study of how traits are inherited through the interactions of alleles?
genetics
What is an offspring that was given different genetic information for a trait from each parent called?
hybrid
What is the trait that covers over another form of that trait.
dominant
What is the trait that is covered over by another form of that trait?
recessive
Who is the scientist that used the scientific method that resulted in the first recorded study of how traits pass from one generation to the next?
Gregor Mendel
What is a tool used to predict results in genetics?
Punnett square
What is an organisms genetic makeup?
genotype
What is the way an organism looks and behaves?
phenotype
What do you call an organism with two alleles that are the same?
homozygous
What do you call an organism that has two different alleles for a trait?
heterozygous
What do you call it when the offspring of two homozygous parents show an intermediate phenotype?
incomplete dominance
What do you call it when a group of gene pairs act together to produce a trait?
polygenic inheritance
What do you call an allele inherited on a sex chromosome? (which can cause genetic disorders such a color blindness)
sex-linked gene
What do you call biological and chemical methods to change the arrangement of a gene's DNA?
genetic engineering