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17 Cards in this Set

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a form of communication, whether spoken, written, or signed, that is based on a system of symbols.
language
the ability to produce an endless number of meaningful sentences using a finite set of words or rules.
infinite generativity
rules regarding how sounds are perceived as different and which sound sequences may occur in the language.
phonology
units of meaning involved in word information
morphology
the ways words are combined to form acceptable phrases and sentences.
syntax
the meaning of words and sentences
semantics
the appropriate use of language of context
pragmatics
the use of short and precise words without grammatical markers such as articles, auxillary verbs, and other connectives
telegraphic speech
an approach that stresses that reading instruction should parallel children's natural language learning. Reading materials should be whole and meaningful.
whole-language approach
an approach that emphasizes that reading instruction should teach phonetics and its basic rules for translating written symbols into sounds.
basic-skills-and-phonetics approach
a language disorder resulting from brain damage that involves a loss of the ability to use words
aphasia
an area of the brain's left frontal lobe that directs the muscle movements involved in speech production
broca's area
an area of the brain's left hemisphere that is involved in language comprehension
wernicke's area
chomsky's term that describes a biological endowment that enables the child to detect the features and rules of language, including phonology, syntax, and semantics.
language acquisition device (LAD)
language spoken in a higher pitch than normal with simple words and sentences.
child-directed speech
rephrasing a statement that a child has said, perhaps turning it into a question
recasting
restating, in a linguistically sophisticated form, what a child has said.
expanding