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15 Cards in this Set

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the process by which information gets into memory
encoding
the ability to process information with little or not effort
automaticity
discovering a new procedure for processing information
strategy construction
concentrating and focusing mental resources
attention
the state of readiness to detect and responsd to small changes occurring at random times in the environment; also called vigilance
sustained attention
focusing on a specific aspect of experience that is relevant while ignoring others that are irrevalent
selective attention
concentrating on more that one activity at a time.
divided attention
retention of information over time
memory
states people mold memories to fit information that already exists in their minds
schema theory
mental frameworks that organize concepts and information
schemas
memory without conscious recollection: memory of skills and routine procedures that are performed automatically.
implicit memory
conscious memory of facts and experiences
explicit memory
a relatively permanent and unlimited type of memory
long-term memory
retention of information for up to 15 to 30 seconds, without rehearsal of the information. Using rehearsal, individuals can keep the infomation in short-term memory longer.
short-term memory
A mental "workbench" where individuals manipulate and assemble information when making decisions, solving problems, and comprehending written and spoken language.
working memory