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20 Cards in this Set

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a recognition of the knowledge; a mental representation that organizes knowledge.
schema
occurs when children incorporate new information into their exisiting schemes.
assimilation
occurs when children adjust their chemes to fit new information and experiences.
accommodation
the interaction of assimilation and accomadation.
adaptation
grouping isolated behaviors into a higher order, more smoothly functioning cognitive stystem.
organization
name the six substages of the sensorimotor stage.
(1)simple reflexes; (2)first habits and primary circular reactions; (3)secondary circular reactions; (4)coordination of secondary circular reactions; (5)tertiary circular reactions, novelty, and curiosity; and (6)internalization of schemes
the understanding that objects and events continue to exist when they cannot be seen, heard, or touched.
object permanence
name the two substages of the preoperational stage.
(1)symbolic function; (2)intuitive thought
inanimate objects have lifelike qualities and are capable of actions (stuffed animals, dolls, etc.)
animism
the inability to distinguish between one's own perspective and someone else's perspective.
egocentrism
the focusing of attention on one characteristic to the exclusion of all others.
centration
the idea that an amount stays the same regardless of how its container changes.
conservation
a concrete opoeration that involves odering stimuli along a quantitative dimension (such as length)
seriation
if a relation holds between a first object and a second obejct, and also holds between the second object and a third object, then it also holds between the first and third objects.
trasitivity
the ability to develop hypotheses about ways to solve problems and can systematically deduce which is the best path to followin solving the problem.
hypothetical deductive reasoning
the heightened self-consciousness of adolescents, which is reflected in adolescents' beliefs that others are as interested in them as they are in themselves, and in adolescents' sense of personal uniqueness and invincibility.
adolescent egocentrism
the aspect of adolescent egocentrism that involves attention-getting behavior motivated by a desire to be noticed, visible, and "on stage".
imaginary audience
the part of adolescent egocentrism that involves an adolescent's sense of personal uniqueness and invincibility.
personal fable
Vygotzky's term for tasks too difficult for children to master alone but that can be mastered with assistance.
zone of proximal development (ZPD)
In cognitive development, Vygotsky used this term to describe the changing support over the course of a teaching session, with the more-skilled person adjusting guidance to fit the child's current performance level.
scaffolding