Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
those persons who supported the ratification of the Constitution in 1787-1788.
a plan of government adopted by the continental congress after the american revolutionl; established "a firm league of friendship" among the States, but allowed a few important powers to the central government.
articles of confederation
a formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitutional amendement, or treaty
presiding officer
group of delegates who drafted the United States Constitution at the Philidelphia Convention in 1787.
a plan presented by delegates from Virginia at the Constitutional Convention; called for a three-branch govt with a bicameral legislature in which each State's membership would be determined by its population or its financial support for the central govt.
Virginia Plan
A plan presented as an alternative to the Virginia Plan at the Constitutional COnvention; called for a unicameral legislature in which each State would be equally represented.
New Jersey Plan
An agreement during the Constitutional Convention that Congress should be composed of a Senate, in which States would be represented equally, and a House, in which representation would be based on a State's population.
Connecticut Compromise
an agreement at the Constitutional Convention to count a slave as three-fifths of a person when determining the population of a State.
Three-Fifths Compromise
those persons who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1787-1788.
the least number of members who mut be present for a legislative body to conduct business; majority
basic principle of American govt which states that govt is restricted in what it may do, and each indicidual has rights that govt cannot take away.
limited govt
system of govt in which public policies are made by officials selected by the voters and held accountable in periodic elections.
representative govt
A joining of several groups for a common purpose
a Great Charter forced upon King John of England by his barons in 1215; established that the power of the monarchy was not absolute and guaranteed by jury and due process of law to the nobility
Magna Carta
a document prepared by Parliament and signed by King Charles I of England in 1628; challenged the idea of the divine right of kings and declared that even the monarch was subject to the laws of the land.
Petition of Right
a document written by Parliament and agreed on by William and Mary of England in 1689, designed to prevent abuse of power by English monarchs; forms the basis for much in American govt and politics today.
English Bill of Rights
A city's basic law, its constitution; a written grant of authority from the king
an adjective describing a legislative body composed of two chambers.
Organized by a proprieter (person to whom the king had made a grant of land)
An adjective describing a legislative body with one chamber
the plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown.
Albany Plan of Union
a representative, a lawmaker, who views him or herself as the agent of those who elected him or her and votes accordingly, regardless of his or her personal opinions.
a refusal to buy or sell certain products or services
to recall
a basic principle of the American system of government which asserts that the people are the source of any and all governmental power, and government can exist only with the consent of the governed.
popular sovereignty