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41 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Legislative Power
The pwer to make a law and to frame public policies.
Public Policy
All of the goals a government sets and various courses of action it pursues as it is attempts to realize these goals.
Law of Supply and Demand
A law which states that when supplies of goods and seriveces become plentiful, prices tend to drop. When they become scarce the prices rise.
Mixed Economy
An economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amound of government regulation and promotion
Free Enterprise System
An economic System characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods; investments that are determined by private decision rather than by state control and determined in a free market
Compromise
An adjustment of opposing principles or systems by modifying some aspect of each.
Government
The institution through wich a society makes and enforces its public policy
Franking Priveledge
A benefit allowing members of Congress to mail letters and other materials postage-free.
Oversight Function
Review by legislative commitees of the policies and programs of the executive branch
Politico
Lawmaker who attempts to balance the basic elemtns of the trustee, delegate, and partisian roles
Parlimentary Government
A form of government in which the executive branch is made up of the prime minister, or premier, and that official's cabinet.
Presidential Government
A form of government in which ithe executive and legislative branches of the government are separate independent and coequal
Confederation
A joining of several groups for a common purpose.
Division of Powers
Basic priniple of federalism; the constitution provisions by which the governmental powers are divided on geographic basis
Federal Government
A form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments.
Unitary Government
A centralized government in which all government powers belong to a single central agency.
Oligarchy
A form of government in chich the pwer to rule is held by a small, usually sel-appointed elite.
Autocracy
A form of government in which a single person holds unlimited political power.
Sovereign
Having supreme pwer within its own territory; neither subordinate nor responsible to any other authority.
State
A body of people living in a defined territory who have a government with the pwer to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority.
Democracy
A form of government in which the supreme authority rests with the people
Dictatorship
A form of government in which the leader has absolute pwer and authority.
Constitution
The body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures and processes of a government.
Judicial Power
The power to interpret laws to determine their meaning and to settle disputes within a society.
Executive Power
The power to execute, enforce, and administer laws.
Trustee
Lawmaker who votes based on his or her conscience and judgement, not the views of his or her constituents.
Colleague
A co-worker
Constituency
The people and interests that an elected official represents
Gerrymander
The drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group.
At Large Election
An election of an officeholder by the voters of an entire governmental unit rather than by the voters of a district or subdivision.
Single member district
Electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office.
Off year election
Congressional election that occurs between prsidential election years
Reapportion
Redistribute, as in seats in a legislative body.
Partisian
Lawmaker who owes his/her first allegiance to his/her political party and votes according to the party line.
Term
Two-year period of time during which the Congress meets
Apportion
Distribue as in seats in a legislative body.
Special Session
An extrodinary session of a legislative body, called to deal with an emergency situation.
Prorogue
Adjourn, as in legislative session.
Adjourn
Suspend, as in session of Congress
Session
Period of time during which, each year, Congress assembles and conducts business.
Continuous Body
Governement unit whose seat are never all up for election at the same time.