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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Why did the firteen British colonies in America become known as "states"?
to establish their sovereignty when declaring independence from Great Britain; at that time each state considered itself a country federal system
What system of government divides power among different levels rather than giving all power to the central goverment?
federal system
What is the role of government in a laissez-faire economic system?
The government avoids interfering except to ensure free competition in the marketplace.
Unitary System
Natinoal or central government holds all key powers
Federal System
Power is divided between the national government and state or provincial governments.
Emphasis on freedom of choice and individual incentive.
Government owns means of production decides how to use resources, and distributes wealth equally among people.
NO social classes; all property is held in common; government is unnecessary.
4 Main characteristics of Democracy
Individual liberty,
Majority rule with minority rights,
Free elections,
Competing political parties
According to John Locke, what fundamental element made government legitimate?
consent of the people
WHat issue did the Convention delegates refuse to settle in 1787?
Identify the six major principles of goverment on which the Constitution is based.
popular sovereignty, federalism, seperation of powers, checks and balances, judicial review, limited government
In the Constitution, what right does the final enumerated power give Congress?
the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers expressed in th other clauses of Article 1.
What is the major source of income for the national government?
income tax.
Who pays for elections of senators, representatives, and presidential electors?
state and local governments
What position in the Senate doe the vice president serve?
president of the Senate.
How does the census affect the reappointment of the House?
A state's population determines its number of House members.
Why does the Constition provide for free and unlimited debate in Congress?
to ensure that legislators would have the freedom to express their ideas and opinions.
How does the Senate bring bills to the floor?
Through unanimous consent, all senators present agree to consider a bill from the calendar.
How does Congress reapportion House seats among the states every ten years?
Following the census, each state's population determines how the House seats are reapportioned.
How are express powers and implied powers related?
Implied powers are necessary to carry out expressed powers.
A ____________ is money that citizens and businesses pay to support the government.
______________ is a Congressional task that involves helping consitutents with problems.
______________ is when Congress passes laws to appropriate money for local federal projects.
pork-barrel legislation
What role does the House Ways and Means Committee play in tax legislation?
It initiates and reviews all tax laws.
Who are the first four officers in the line of succession to the presidency?
Vice preseident, Speaker of the House, president pro tempore of the Senate, secretary of state.
What does the phrase "winner takes all" mean in presidential elections?
THe party whose candidate wins the most popular votes in a state takes all of that state's electoral votes.
What event led to the practice of government asisting the ill and the neglected?
the Depression
a release of a group from legal punishment
existing "in fact" rather than officially or legally
de facto
Performs ceremnial roles
Head of State
Sees that laws of Congress are carried out
Chief Executive
Chief Legislator
Proposes legislation
Economic Planner
Prepares federal budget
Party leader
supports party members
Chief Diplomat
Directs foreign policy
Commander in Chief
Commands armed forces of the United States.