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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Budget Requests and Office of Management and Budget
-President submits a proposal to OMB after each federal agency submits outlines of expenses

-OMB formulates the budget and manages congressional appropriations (staff agency of the president, not the congress)

-OMB submits to congress
Budget Resolutions and Budget Reconciliation Bills
-appropriations comittees get budget, submit resolutions to their respective chambers

-Congressional Budget Act 1974: intended to allow a contentious budget bill to be considered without being subject to filibuster.
Clinton v. City of New York
-ruled that the line-item veto as granted in the Line Item Veto Act violated the Presentment Clause of the United States Constitution.
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act 1974
-streamlined budget process

-placed controls on president's ability to determine allocations without appropriate congressional checks

-recission bill: cancel promised but unspent funds

-deferral: hold back spending on a bill for a year
Entitlements and four classifications of ( Explain)
-guarantee of access to benefits because of rights

education- federal funding for schools
health- Medicare and Medicaid
housing- federally funded programs combatting homelessness
welfare- money provided to assist with costs of living
executive agreements, treaty making and Pink v. United States
-a kind of treaty that can only be negotiated and entered into through the president's authority

-dispute over assets to a russian insurance company, the Supreme Court held New York was interfering with the President's exclusive power over foreign affairs
Executive Office of the President v. Quasi legislative commissions
-non congressional agencies appointed by the president

-closest to president

-independent regulatory commissions, gov't corporations, agencies

-have a say in legislation, issue regulations
executive orders and a recent example from
-order signed by president that has effect of law, not passed by congress

-President Clinton orders legalizing of abortion pill
Growth of the EOP ( factors explaining)
-distrust in government fixtures: leaks, iron triangle

-new federal programs that concern more than one agency

-seems logical that someone in a high position would regulate a consistency in policy
INS v. Chadha
-ruling that the legislative veto violated the constitutional separation of powers.
legislative veto - definition and purpose of
-provision granting congress the right to veto regulations made by federal agencies; ruled unconstitutional
line item veto
-Line Item Veto Act 1996

-allowed the President to "cancel", that is to void or legally nullify, certain provisions of appropriations bills, and disallowed the use of funds from canceled provisions for offsetting deficit spending in other areas.
Myers v. United States 1926 and Humphrey's Executors v. U.S. 1935
- ruling that the President has the exclusive power to remove executive branch officials, and does not need the approval of the Senate or any other legislative body.

-restricted the president's power to remove members of the so-called independent agencies, like differences of opinion
National Emergency Act 1976
-gave congress can end the state of "national emergency" with concurrent resolution, cannot be vetoed

-mandate that a national emergency be ended after one year by the president unless congress is informed that it is still in effect

-requires the president to specify under what law the emergency was declared
signing statements and HR 4890
-president signs a bill with a statement saying he will not enforce it

-Legislative line item veto act
the Byrd Rule
the Senate is prohibited from considering extraneous matter as part of a reconciliation bill or resolution or conference report
The Patriot Act
formed in response to the terrorist attacks against the United States, and dramatically expanded the authority of American law enforcement for the stated purpose of fighting terrorism in the United States and abroad
Title X (Impoundment Control Act 1974)
-Title X of the law, also known as the Impoundment Control Act of 1974, specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded.
War Powers Resolution
-president can deploy troops only after a declaration of war or in the case of national emergency