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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
power
the ability of individuals or the members of a group to achieve aims or further the interests they hold
authority
power that is widely perceived by the subordinates as legitimate power- a governments legitimate use of power
government
the enacting of policies and decisions on the part of officials within a political apparatus
politics
the means by which power is employed to influence the nature and content of governmental activities- in everything
state
exists where there is a political apparatus (govt institutions) ruling a given territory- all modern states are nation-states
nation-state
a govt apparatus that is recoginized to have sovereign rights within the borders of a territorial area. it backs its claims to sovereignty by military power. its citizens feel committed to its national identity.
sovereignty
a govt possesses authority over an area with clear-cut borders, within which it is the supreme power
citizenship
most people living within the borders of the political system are citizens
nationalism
a set of symbols and beliefs providing the sense of being part of a single political community
civil rights
the rights of the individual in law
political rights
refer to the right to take part in politics
social rights
right of every individual to enjoy a minimum standard of living. social rights are the basis of the walfare state.
democracy
a political system in which the people rule
participatory (direct) democracy
democracy in which decisions are made communally by those affected by them
liberal democracy
representative multiparty democracy (such as the US)
consititutional democracy
a system of govt with a royal family whose powers are severely restricted by a constitution, which puts authority in the hands of democratically elected representatives
DEMOCRACY IN THE US
political parties
organization oriented toward achieving legitimate control of govt through an electoral process. the US has a winner-take-all system, and two parties dominate
interest groups
any organization that attempts to influence elected officials to consider their aims when deciding on legislation
lobbying
plays a distinctive part in American politics
THEORIES OF DEMOCRACY
democratic elitism
the view that direct democracy is impossible because running a govt requires decision-making by individual experts, not the mass of citizens. as a result, the rule of elites is inevitable. (Weber and Schumpeter)
-"Rule of the politician, not the people" (Schumpeter)
pluralist theories
continual baragaining and competition among different groups (interest groups)
the power elite
political power is concentrated in the hands of the power elite (C. Wright Mills)
Social Movements
an organized collective attempt to further common interest through collaborative action outside the sphere of established institutions
revolution
overthrow of political order by using violence