Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/58

Click to flip

58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was the purpose of a "separation of powers" and how does the checks and balances system relate to this?
To prevent tyranny and to prevent one branch of government from being too powerful. So checks and balances help prevent this and make sure everything is fair to everyone also.
What is judicial review?
The ability for judges to declare law and court proceedings unconstitutional.
How do the elastic clause and amendments allow change in the US constitution?
Because the world is constantly changing, the elastic clause allows the laws to be changed or modified. Amendments can also be added or removed.
What does bicameral mean?
A two government/legislative branch.
How does the Judicial Branch check the Executive Branch?
It can declare executive acts and treaties unconstitutional
How does the Judicial Branch check the Legislative Branch?
It can declare laws unconstitutional
What is the highest court in the land?
The Supreme Court
Checks/Balances: Executive to Legislative
1. approve veto bills
2. call special sessions
3. recommend legislation

Megan Wagner Nicole Schlesser
Checks/Balances: Executive to Judicial
1. nominate supreme court justices/federal judges

Megan Wagner Nicole Schlesser
Checks/Balances: Legislative to Executive
1. override vetoes
2. approve or regulate presidential appointments/treaties
3. impeach and try president

Megan Wagner Nicole Schlesser
Checks/Balances: Legislative to Judicial
1. approve or reject nominations of federal judges
2. create lower courts
3. remove judges through impeachment

Megan Wagner Nicole Schlesser
what are some examples of powers granted by the US government?
Allison Gladkowski
-controls main industries like military and currency
-ratify the constitution
-declare war
-set up postal service and regulate foreign matters/trade
Allison Gladkowski
What are some examples of powers granted only by the US Government and State?

Samra Tariq
- Pass laws that fit the constitution.
- Collect Taxes and Borrow money.
- Construct and maintain roadways.
- Punish lawbreakers.
- Protect public health and safety.

Samra Tariq
what some examples of powers granted only by the states


Abby Palmisano
-establish schools
-Personal laws(divorce, adoption ect.)
-license requirments
-state traffic laws
-Public protection(police force, fire departments...)

Abby Palmisano
20. what are the five different freedoms protected in the first amendment?
freedom of religion, speech, assembly, press, and petition.
21. explain each of the following amendments: second, fifth, and 14th amendments.
2nd: the right to bear arms: allows people to own weapons with a permit.
5th: right of the accused: protection from self-incrimination
14th: citizenship: all people born or naturalized in the US are citizens and receive equal rights from the government.
22. what powers are denied to congress?
congress cannot deny habeas corpus, they cannot have titles (king/queen), and ex post facto law.
what is an electoral college?
it isn't a place it s a process that determines the president from voting.


Brett Ruiz & Jake Annala
what is popular vote?
Is the candidate with the largest of the populations votes.
what is the line of succession?
The order of the top official to the lowest.
11. What steps MUST be taken for a bill to become a law?

Nancy, Anela, Marisol.
* SAME PROCESS FOR SENATE
1. Bill assigned to committee.
2. The house committee considers the bill.
3. The bill is introduced to the house by a representative.
4. Bill debated in the house/house votes.
5. House passes bill.
6. Bill must be approved by both house/senate.
7. Bill sent to president.
8. Bill becomes a law/ or president veto it.

Nancy, Anela, Marisol
12. What is a veto and how can it be overriden? Who has the power to override?

Nancy, Anela, Marisol
When the president does not sign it he vetos it and the president veto can be overwritten by 2/3 of house of congress.

Nancy, Anela, Marisol
13. What does it mean to impeach AND remove an official? Who has the power to impeach and who has the power to remove?

Nancy, Anela, Marisol
Impeach is to accuse of wrong doing.
The house has the power to impeach and the senate to remove.

Nancy, Anela, Marisol
39. According to the US Flag Code, what behaviors should be expected in order to show respect toward the flag?

Nancy, Anela, Marisol
Be dissplated in proper weather.
Be placed above the other flags.
Treated with respect.
Solute.
Not talking.
Never let the flag touch the ground.

Nancy, Anela, Marisol
what is the bill of rights?
first 10 amendments in the u.s. constitution.

patrick & kari
what are liberties?
the ability to to express views openly without fear of punishment from the government

patrick & kari
what is the purpose of the bill of rights?
protections against abuse of government power.

patrick & kari
How many senators and how many representatives from each state are chosen?
BJ
There are 2 senators from each state, and it depends how many people in the state for the reps.
BJ
What is the term length for senators? For representatives?
BJ
The term length is 6 years and for the reps it is 2 years
BJ
What powers are specific to senators?
BJ
senators can try and remove, treaties, declare war, appointments.
BJ
What powers are specific to representative?
BJ
reps can impeach, and can also start tax bills
BJ
What do the stars on the U.S. flag represent?
BJ
the 50 stars are from the 50 states in america
BJ
What do the stripes on the U.S. flag represent?
BJ
the 13 stripes on the flag are representing the original 13 colonies
BJ
1) What does it mean for the constitution to be the Supreme law of the land?
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
1) Constitution is the base and center of the Government. No law could be passed unless it is considered constitution.
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
2) What is federalism?
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
2) Federalism is the power divided by central government and smaller regional governments.
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
3)What are the US flag code rules when the American flag is flown with flags of other nations?
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
3) They are to be flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flag should be equal size.
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
31) What does a line-item veto involve?
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
(extra credit)
31) The power of a president, governor or other elective executive to eject individual provisions of a bill.
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
(extra credit)
1) What does it mean for the constitution to be the Supreme law of the land?
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
1) Constitution is the base and center of the Government. No law could be passed unless it is considered constitution.
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
2) What is federalism?
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
2) Federalism is the power divided by central government and smaller regional governments.
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
3)What are the US flag code rules when the American flag is flown with flags of other nations?
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
3) They are to be flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flag should be equal size.
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
31) What does a line-item veto involve?
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
(extra credit)
31) The power of a president, governor or other elective executive to eject individual provisions of a bill.
-Marygail & Emilie Rose
(extra credit)
What are the three levels and order of the federal court system? - Tommy Soto
District, Appellate, Supreme
What is meant by the fifth amendment's right of refusal to be a witness against oneself?-Alex Buccola
You have the right to not testify if you don't want to. You do not have to present any self-incriminating evidence.
What types of procedures might fall under "due process"? -Brad Grisch
The court session has to be public, and have a lawyer.
In the US Constitution, what groups have been guaranteed the right to vote. - Brad Tommy Alex
Citizens over the age of 18
What's the minimum age of senator?
21
What are the citizenship requirements for a senator?
They have to be a citizen for 9 years
What are the residency requirements for a senator?
They must live in the state he/she represents and live in the district for 2 years
What is the minimum age for a representative?
21
What are the citizenship requirements for a representative?
They must be U.S citizens, don't have to be born in the U.S but must be citizen before running
What are the residency requirements for a representative?
They must live in there district for 7 years prior to election
Steven Oliver Victor Lechuga

what are the qualifications for the president and the justice?( age and citizenship.)
President : 35 years old and us born citizen.
justice: us citizen.
What are the powers of the office for the president and the justice?
President: has power over the executive branch and leads the country.
Justice: interprets the laws and convicts criminals.
what are the terms of office for the president and the justice?
president: 4 years 2 term limit.

justice: 10 years for supreme and appellate, 6 years for circuit, and 4 years for associate. Federal judges are there until they retire.
How are the president and the justice elected or chosen?
President: the president is voted in the by the Electoral College
Justice: they are appointed by the president in federal and elected in the state.
According to the US flag code,what rules must be followed when displaying and disposing of an American flag?
It should be displayed flat,whether indoors or out. When displayed horizontally or vertically the union should be on the left.
What is the role of Illinois government when a vacancy occurs in the office of US senator for the state of Illinois?
The governor moves up and claims a seat.
What freedoms are guaranteed to
the citizens of Illinois according to the Illinois Bill of Rights?
Political and religious liberty, health, safety, and welfare.