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9 Cards in this Set

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- The Founding fathers - they were from England.
- Envisioned Congress as the 1st and most powerful branch of governement.
- Wrote the Constitution to ensure that this would happen
- No Income tax until the 16th amendment
Pre-eminance of Congress
The Constitution gives Congress the power to:
- Levy taxes
- Borrow and spend money
- Regulate interstate commerce and foreign commerce
- Establish a national money supply
- Establish a post office and post roads
- Declare war
- Raised support and Army & Navy
- Power to establish a court system(the elastic clause)
- Pass all laws "Necessary and Proper" to implement all of the above

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Powers of Congress
If no Presidential candidate receives a majority of votes on the electoral college, the US House of Representatives selects the President.
Power reserved to the House of Representatives
The State;
- confirms presidential nominations to executive and judicial posts
- must provide "advice and consent" for treaties
(but the Senate must ratify)
Powers reserved by the Senate
Composed of two houses
So Congress is Bicameral
- 435 members, 2 year terms of office.
* Elected from State districts
* Number of representatives depends on state's population
- Members must be at least 25 years of age
- Have been a US resident for (7) years
- Be a resident of that state district they represent
The House of Representatives
(The lower house)
- California, 53
- Texas, 32
22 Rep
10 Dem
- New York, 29
- Florida, 25
- Illinois, 19
- Ohio, 18
Congressional Apportionament;
States with the largest number of Representatives
-100 members, 6 year terms of office
- Each state elects two senators.
- Originally senators were selected by state legislatures; however, since the ratification of the 17th Amendment (1913) senators are popularly elected.
- Senators serve six-year terms.
- Terms of the membership are staggered.
The Senate
* Diversity in the House
- 65 women
- 42 African Americans
- 24 Latinos
- 3 Asian Americans
- 1 Native American, 1 Asian Indian American, 2 openly gay men, and 1 lesbian

* Senate diversity
- 14 women
- 2 Asian Americans
- 2 Latinos
- One African American
The 109th (2005) Congress is ethnically quite diverse.