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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Amicus curiae briefs (friend of the court)
A written brief in support of one of the parties in a legal dispute that attempts to influence the decision of the court.
a voter who does not identify with a political party.
Interest group
an organization of people who share certain attitudes and interest and try to affect the political system by shaping public opinion, opposing or supporting candidates for public office, and influencing the decisions of government officials, especially legislators and administrators.
attempting to influence government policy by persuading legislators to vote for or against a particular proposal or by convincing members of the executive branch of government that a particular program is or is not desirable. Lobbying is the primary method used by interest groups to affect public decisions.
Minor party – a political party that lacks the power or resources to get its candidates elected but exists to oppose present policies and to advance its own ideas.
– a political party that lacks the power or resources to get its candidates elected but exists to oppose present policies and to advance its own ideas.
Multiparty system
– a political system in where there are more that two major political parties.
National chair
– the top official in the national organization of a major political party, who acts as the party’s national spokesperson.
National committee
– the executive committee of the national party. Its members, who serve four-year terms, are formally elected by the national convention, but in reality are chosen by the state parties by such methods as direct primary or state convention, depending on state procedures.
National convention
– a national meeting, held by each major party every four ears, at which elected or appointed delegates nominate candidates for president and vice president.
Party identification
the loyalty of voters to a particular political party.
Party unity vote
– votes in Congress in which a majority of the members of one party vote on one side of an issue and the majority of members of the other party vote on the other side.
Political action committee
– a group created by labor unions, business corporations, or private individuals and groups to engage in political activities and campaign spending.
Political party
– an organization that attempts to influence the political system by gaining he support of voters and especially by getting its members elected or appointed to public office.
– the basic unit of party organization in many states, corresponding to the small local area in which elections are administered.
Professional associations
– organizations of professionals- e.g., doctors, lawyers- that are primarily concerned with standards in their professions but also function as interest groups on some public issues
Single-issue interest group
– an interest group that is concerned with only one public issue.
Trade associations
– business interest groups organized on the basis of single industry, such as steel or coal.
Two-party system
– a political system in which only the candidates of two major political parties have any real chance of being elected to office.
– a small local unit of political party organization concerned primarily with campaigns and elections.