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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Popular Sovereignty means
that people are the only source of governmental power
Government must be conducted according to constitutional principles
Rule of Law
Government and its officers are always subject to, never above, the law
Separation of powers
The Constitution distributes the oiwers of the national government among the Congress, the president, and the courts

(judical, legislative, and executive)
Checks and balances
Each branch is subject to a number of constitutional checks (restraints) by the other branches
Judical review
the power to decide whether what government does is in accord to what the constitution provides
the division of power among a central government and several regional governments
changes in the written words
formal amendment
changes or additions that become part of the written language of the constitution itself
informal amendment
the process by which many changes have been made in the constitution that have not led to changes in the document's written words
executive agreement
a pact made by the president direvtly with the head of the foreign state
Name the 6 principles of the Constitution
Populat Sovereignty, limited government, seperation of powers, checks and balances, judicial review, federalism
Which branch is the president
which branch is the Supreme court and other federal courts
which branch is congress
How does the executive branch check and balance the judicial branch??
President appoints supreme dourt justices and other federal judges
How does the executive branch check and balance the legilative branch
President may veto legislation, call special sessions, recommenf legislattion to appeal
How does the judicial branch check and balance the executive branch?
Judges appointed for life are free from the executive control, courts may declare executive actions to be unconstitutional
How does the judicial branch check and balance the legislative branch
Courts my declare acts of congress to be unconstitutional
How does the legislative branch check and balance the executive branch
Congress makes the laws, creates agencies and programs appropriate funds to carry out laws and programs, may overrise veto with 2/3 voted, may remove president through impeachment
How does the legislative branch check and balance the judicial branch
Congress creates lower courts, may remove judges through impeachment, senate approves or rejects appointments of judges
what did the 13th amendment do?
ended slavery and prohibits most other forms of involentary servitude