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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Government
the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
“State”
a body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically, and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority
Population
the number of people that live in a state
Territory
land owned by the state with known and recognized boundaries
Sovereignty
supreme and absolute power of a state inside its own territory, which includes the ability to decide its own foreign and domestic policies
U.S. Government
Federal Presidential Republican Form of Indirect Democracy
Social Contract Theory
A governmental origin theory which states that a number of people agreed to form a state, which meant giving up as much power as was need to promote the safety and well-being of all
Compromise
the process of blending and adjusting competing views and interests
Anarchy
the total absence of government
Capitalism
an economic theory which consists of private ownership, a price system (the main goal is to make money), and competition
Socialism
an economic and political philosophy based on the idea that the benefits of economic activity should be equitably distributed throughout a society
Communism
an ideology which calls for the collective, or state, ownership of land and other productive property
Mixed Economy
an economy in which private enterprise exists in combination of government regulation and promotion
“Lassez-faire”
a theory which suggests that government should play a very limited role in society
Economic Collectivism
the government gains ownership of any money-making ventures and combines them
Nationalize
the government acquires private industry for public use
Federal Government
a government in which the powers are divided between a central government and several local governments
Confederate Government
an alliance of independent states with a weak central government
Presidential Government
a government in which the executive and legislative branches of the government are separate, independent of one another, and coequal
Parliamentary Government
a government in which the executive is made up of the prime minister and his cabinet, which are chosen from the legislative branch. The prime minister is generally the leader of the majority party and his cabinet is made up of legislature approved members of the legislature.
Dictatorship
the ultimate responsibility for the exercise of governmental powers is held by a single person or by a small group
“Totalitarian”
the governmental exercise of complete power over nearly every aspect of human affairs
Propaganda
a technique of persuasion aimed at influencing individual or group behaviors to create a particular belief, regardless of its validity
Direct Democracy
a democracy in which the will of the people is translated into public policy by the people themselves, in mass meetings
Indirect Democracy
a representative democracy in which a small group of persons is chosen by the people to express popular will
Republic
a state in which the sovereign power is held by those eligible to vote while the political power is exercised by the representatives chosen by and held responsible to those citizens
United States System
Federal Presidential Republican Form of Indirect Democracy