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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
widely shared views about who should govern, for what ends, and by what means
political culture
shared ideas about what is good and desirabe
shared ideas about what is true
variations on the prevailing values and beliefts in a society
political philosophy asserting the worth and dignity of the indivual and emphasizing the rational ability of human beings to determine their own destinies
classical liberalism
economic system asserting the individual's right to own private property and to buy, sell, rent, and trade that property in a free market
belief that the law should apply equally to all and that every person's vote counts equally
political equality
elimination of aritifical barriers to success in life and the opportunity for everyone to strive for success
equlity of opportunity
equal sharing of income and material goods regardless of one's efforts in life
equality of results
extent to which people move upward or downward in income and status over a lifetime or generation
social mobility
conflict between upper and lower social classes over wealth and power.
class conflict
awareness of one's class position and a feeling of political solidarity within the same class in opposition to other classes
class consciousness
evidence of U.S citizenship, allowing people to travel abroad and reenter the United States
a document or stamp on a passport allowing a person to visit a foreign country
in politics, a reference to opposition to religious practices and symbols in public life
consistent and integrated system of ideas, values, and beliefs
belief in the valute of free markets, limited government, and individual self-reliance in economic affairs, combined with a belief in the value of tradtition, law, and morality in social affairs
belief in the value of strong government to provide economic security and protection for civil rights, combined with a belief in personal freedom from government intervention in social conduct
opposing government intervention in both economic and social affairs, and favoring minimal government in all sectors of society
a reference to the liberal, progressive, and/or socialist side of the political spectrum
a reference to the conservative, traditional, anticommunist side of the political spectrum
advocacy of immediate and drastic changes in society, including the comlete restructuring of institutions, values, and beliefs.
rejection of democratic politics and the assertion of the supremacy of the "people" over laws, instituions, and individual rights
political ideology in which the state and/or race is assumed to be supreme over individuals
the theories that capitalists oppress workers and that worldwide revolution and the emergence of a classless society are inevitable
the theores that advanced captialists countries turned toward war and colonialsim to make their own workers relatively prosperous
system of government in which a single totaltarian party controls all means of production and distribution of goods and services
system of government involving collective or government ownership of economic enterprise, with the goal of being equality of results, not merely equality of opportunity
the collapse of communism and the worldwide movement toward free markets and policial democracy
end of history
repression of attitudes speech, and writings that are deemed racist, sexist, homophobic, or otherwise "insensitive"
politically correct (PC)