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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Republic
A government in which elected representatives make the decisions.
Judicial review
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional.
Federalism
Government authority shared by national and state governments.
Checks and balances
Authority shared by three branches of government.
Separation of Powers
Constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of government.
Faction
A group with a distinct political interest.
Federalists
Those who favor a stronger national government.
Antifederalists
Those who favor a weaker national government.
Coalition
An alliance of factions.
Habeas corpus
An order to produce an arrested person before a judge.
Bill of attainder
A law that declares a person, without a trial, to be guilty of a crime.
Ex post facto law
A law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed.
Bill of Rights
First ten amendments to the constitution.
Amendment
A new provision in the constitution that has been ratified by the states.
Line-item veto
An executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature.