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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Traditional American paradox
national identity and sub-national (state and local) identity
Why is there tension?
There is “tension” because we want the benefits of national government, but the control and greater individual power in state/local government
U.S. founded on belief in
self-government, or “consent of the governed”
individual rights and claims to a country or government
preserved in the Constitution
Doctrine of federalism
the act of creating citizens’ own government that would have lawful sovereignty over country and the people
Federalists (Strong Central Government)
James Madison and Alexander Hamilton
Anti-federalists (Strong State Government)
Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson
required a Bill of Rights before they would ratify the Constitution
Powers not specifically given to the national government were reserved solely for the states
reserved powers clause (10th Amendment)
Regional cultures
“Texican” cattlemen
Thrifty New Englanders
Southern hospitality
led many to move to the cities or other places; people were not living and dying in a single place as much as before.
Education, employment opportunities
1990 – only __% of Americans lived in the state where they had been born
More recently – shift from urban areas to
suburban areas
“the pursuit of happiness”
Declaration of Independence
“out of many, one”
E pluribus unum
can be unifying and enlightening or divisive
Skin color, language, culture all contribute to
racial identity
Poverty Circumstances
Education level, high school dropout rates
Unemployment rates
are sometimes wary of outsiders
Cultural “enclaves”
voting for someone because they resemble your group
Politicians count on this to get votes
Identity politics
Diversity’s policy implications
Official language v. individual expression
Immigration (coming from overseas)
Debates over enforcement, availability of benefits
Migration (moving around in America)
Economic/employment opportunities
"Bowling Alone" Book
Three types of political culture
Traditionalistic - conservative
Individualistic – capitalistic, private contracts
Moralistic – government has a moral obligation to help, protect the public (more liberal)
Every generation has had life-changing developments
Grooves in rifle barrels
Cotton gin, agricultural reaper
Internet, personal computers
drives the world economy, race to “build a better mousetrap
Our ancestors had a rich civic culture
Quilting bees
Ladies’ Aid Societies
Church attendance and activities
Harvesting, butchering seasons
Sense of place is affected by
physical environment