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29 Cards in this Set

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The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies.
government
all of those things a government decides to do
public policies
What kind of matters do public policies cover
taxation, national defense, education, crime and health care, tansportation the envirionment civil rights business practices and working conditions
who observed that man is by nature a political animal?
aristotle
a body or people, living in a defined territory organized politically
state
The worlds smallest state is
San Marino
The largest state is the
REPUBLIC OF CHINA
to have supreme and absolut power within its own territory
sovereign
what places are not sovereign
guam and vergin islands
what are the four theorys about the origin or state
the force theaory, the evolutionary theory, the divine right theory,
the social contract theory
people who believe this theory believe that one person or group claimed control over an area and forced all within it to submit to that person's or group's rule.
force theory
people who believe this theory believe that the primitive family was the first stage in political development.
eveolutionary theory
people who believe this theory believe that the state was created by god and that god had given those of royal bound to obey their ruler as they would god
divine right theory
people who believe this theory believe that no government existed and then nothing was good and people made government
social contract theoryq
When was the constitution written
1787
six purposes of government
to form a more perfect union, to establish justice, to insure domestic tranquility, to provide for the common defence,to promote general welfare, to secure the blessings of liberty
what are the four main characteristics of the state
territory, government, sovereignty and population
3 ways to classify of government
geographic distribution of governmental power within the state, relationship between the legislative and the executive branch, the number of persons who can take part in the governing processs
a centralized government in which all the powers held by the government belong to a single central agency
unitary government
Example of a unitary government
England
government of which the powers of the government are divided between a central government and several local governments
federal government
an alliance of independent states
confederation
examples of federal government
Austrailia, canada mexico
this government features a seperation of powers between the executive and legislative branches of government
presidential
in this government the executive is made up of the prime minister or premier and that official's cabinet..they themselves are members of the legislative branch ,
parliamentary
exist where those who rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people
dictatorship
in a __________ supreme political authority rests with the people. The people hold sovereign power and the government is conducted only by and with the consent of the people
democracy
A _________ exists where the will of the people is translated into public policy directly by the people themselves in mass meetings
direct democracy
in a ________________ a small group of persons chosen by the people to act as their representatices expresses the popular will
representative democracy