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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Strong central government w/ powers shared at local units
Federalism, federal system, federal gov
separation of powers, divide powers between units of government
Division of powers
Powers written in the Constitution
Expressed, stated, specific, delegated, enumerated powers
Legislative poweres
Article 1, Section 8, Clauses 1-18
Clause 1 - Power to tax
Powers interpreted from the Constitution, not necessarily written such as
Article 1, Section 8, clause 18: elastic or necessary & proper clause
Implied powers
Powers only national gov has because it is the national gov - such as immigration
Inherent powers
Powers denied national gov
Anything restricting individual rights
Powers denied states
1. Coining money
2. Entering into treaties
10th amendment, powers left to the states
Reserved powers
Only national gov has. Making treaties, control over foreign and interstate powers
Exclusive powers
Powers shared, ex: taxing
Concurrent powers
Article 6, Section 2: Constitution and gov. are supreme law of the land
Supremacy clause
2nd case of judicial review in 1819
McCulloch v. Maryland
Marshall court dates
Operates on two levels - Federal and state/local
Dual system of gov
All 9 justices agree for same reason
Unanimous opinion
5 or more agree for same reason
majority opinion
5 or more agree for different reasons
Concurring opinion
The losing side is heard
Dissenting opinion
Nation's obligation to states
1. Guaranteed a republican government
2. protecting against invasion and domestic violence
3. respect of territorial integrity and state boundaries
How a state becomes a state (4 steps)
1. Petition for admission
2. Congress passes enabling act
3. State writes a Constitution and ratifies it
4. Congress passes admission act
Cooperation between states and federal gov/how they help each other
cooperative federalism
2 ways fed helps state
1. Gives grants in aid for specific projects
2. Block grants - Money for non-specific goals
2 ways state helps fed
1. Run all federal elections
2. Naturalizing new citizens
Agreement between two or more states
interstate compact
documents good in one state are good in all states
full faith and credit
an accused criminal captured in one state can be sent back to state of crime if governors agree
extradition/interstate rendition
rights in one state are the same in every state
priveleges and immunities