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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
interdependence
mutual dependence of countries for goods
map projection
a projection of the globe onto a flat map using a grid of lines of latitude and longitude
Topography
physical features of a place or region
Vegetation
plant life of a place or region
Plain
large area of level or gently rolling land
plateau
large area of high flat land
diffusion
movement of custom or ideas from one place to another
subculture
group of ppl within a societywho have their own seperate beliefs, values and customs
Ethnocentrism
judgin other cultures by standings of one's own culture
Arisan
skilled crafstman
imperialism
control by one countryof another country's political economic or cultural life
Westernization
adoption of western culture
Tariff
tax on imported good
population density
average # of ppl liviing in a given area
escartment
steep cliff
cataract
large waterfall
hydroelectric power
energy produced by moving water
tropic
area btw tropic of cancer and tropic of capicorn
leaching
dissolving and washing of the soil's nutrients by constant heavy rains
drought
prolonged periods or little or no rainfall
desertification
the change of semi-desert land into desert land
city-state
large town that has it's own government and controls the surrounding country side
lineage
group of distance kin who trace their disent to a common ancestor
consensus
common agreement
polygamy
practice of having more than one spouse
age grad
in some african societies all people born in the same year
abolition
movement to end slavery
diaspora
migration or scattering of homogenous people
guerrilla warfare
hit and run attacks by small bands of fighters against a larger power
socialism
system in which the govermnent owns owns and operates major businesses and controls other parts of the economy
economic sanction
cutting off trade wuth another country to pressure it to change it policies
pampas
in south america the grassy plains that stretch form argentina into Uruguay
regionalism
sytong local conditions that divide people within a country or region
mestizo
People of mixed European and Native American ancestory
Conquistador
Spanish conquerers of spanish colonies
viceroy
official who rules in place of a king
Cabildo
Councils established by Spain to govern the towns founded by Spanish settelers in Latin America
Mercantilism
theory that a country;s economic stregnth depended on increasing its gold supply by exporting mor goods than imported
hacienda
large plantation in Latin America
Dontario
Portugese landowners of huge tracts of land in Brazil
Peninsular
offical sent from Spain to rule Spanish Colonies in Latin America
Ceole
American-born descendents of Spanish Settelers
Caudillo
Latin America military leader who seizes power and rules as a dictator
Oligarchy
system of government in which a small elite has ruling power
Embargo
Complete halt to trade
liberation theology
movement in the Roman Catholic Church that urges the Church to take a more active role in changing social conditions that contribute to poverty
inflation
economic cycle marked by a sharp increaseof prices