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37 Cards in this Set

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divine name suggesting that God is both singular and complex at the same time
Angel of the Lord
possibly a theophany of the pre-incarnate Christ?
belief in the oneness of God as opposed to the trinity
Complex monotheism
close to an orthodox understanding of how trinitarianism and monotheism can work.
New Testament Trinitarian formulas found in
Matthew, II Thessalonians, I Corinthians, etc.
Greek word (literally “dance around”) for the mutual indwelling or co-inherence of the three Persons of the Trinity.
Creatio ex nihilo
Created from nothing
Holy Spirit = God
should not be thought of as inferior to the other two members of the trinity. He is God and thus to be worshipped and revered.
each person of the godhead shares in the life of the other two, and each person shares in the work of the other two.
Four ways of thinking about interpenetration
1) equality within the three persons 2) mutual submission 3) intimacy with one another 4) mutual deference
Divine act
creation is a free (non-necessary) act. God creates out of love, working as the Trinity.
Scripture’s teaching on the deity of the Holy Spirit based on
equivalence with God, shared characteristics or attributes of God, performance of the works of God, and association with the Father and the Son in ways which only one like them could be associated.
Calvin’s emphasis in terms of perichoresis
emphasized persons over essence, contra monarchian starting points, saying each person is God in his own right (autotheos)
each person of the Trinity is God in his own right
The classical formula of creation as a Trinitarian act
the Father creates through the Son, by his Spirit.
Implications of God as Source of creation
That God is the Source of creation has implications regarding His relation to creation in terms of sovereignty, distinction, uniqueness, and goodness
Oneness of God in the doctrine of creation
a distinction within the doctrine of creation. In scripture, we often see God’s oneness tied to creation.
Sovereignty of God
In relation to the doctrine of creation, a polemic against polytheism. God has no rival.
Uniqueness of creation
Unlike human creative acts, God’s creativity is bounded only by his will.
Creation as good
Nothing created is intrinsically evil. There is no principal in the universe that is diametrically opposed to God’s will.
Preservation in the doctrine of Providence
In the doctrine of Providence, the idea of present, active maintenance
creatio contiua
continuing creation spoken of by Bavink. God cannot walk away from His creation once it is made.
In the doctrine of Providence, Creation is a dynamic reality which needs governing and sustaining.
Concurrence in the doctrine of Providence
In the doctrine of Providence, the idea of cooperation between God and man in a covenantal reality: God is sovereign over and active in all his works and human beings are responsible for behaviors.
God and sin
God’s relationship to sin: prevents, permits, directs, and limits.
Augustine spoke of providence and human sin in terms of
the decretive vs. the permissive wills of God.
Calvin spoke of providence and human sin in terms of
the secret and revealed will of God
J. Edwards spoke of providence and human sin in terms of
the problem of the historical perspective of what we can know.
Johann Diemer’s critique of supernaturalism
said it is dualistic, it entertains a secularistic and rationalistic concept of nature, impoverishes the special activity of God, and is inherently Gnostic.
Diemer believed, regarding miracles
that God governs through creational ordinances and that the miraculous is not a suspension of these ordinances. All phenomena are miraculous.
Problems with Diemer’s view of miracles
subsumes sin and redemption to creation and makes grace a natural mechanism.
C.S. Lewis’s notion of countervailing force
says normal processes are not suspended but overruled. Allows for distinction between miracle and everyday processes.
Angels are Created
They have a beginning
Angels are Spirits
They are incorporeal
Angels can become Visible
Always depicted in scripture as males.
Old Testament veiled references to Trinity found in
Genesis and Isaiah
Biblical terms for angel
mal’ak and angelos – both meaning messenger.