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15 Cards in this Set

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Glycolysis
Step 1 and 3?
*ATP-----ADP
*attaching a phosphate to glucose in SUBSTRATE PHOSPHORYLATION
*Substrate-level phosphorylation produce ATP using energy from other high-energy compounds
Glycolysis
Step 4?
*(6-C) glucose is split into (3-C)two pyruvate

1. GAP: Glyceraldehyde phosphate aka PGAL: phosphoglyceraldehyde

2. Dihyroxyacetone phosphate
(can be converted to GAP c enzyme ISOMERASE
Glycolysis
Step 6 and 9?
*ADP----ATP
Glycolysis
Step 5?
*NAD----NADH+ H
End of glycolysis process yields for 1 glucose molecule?
2 pyruvic acid
2 ATP(net gain)(4produced)
2 NADH
In glycolysis 4 ATP's are produced, so why do we only count 2 ATP??
b/c 2 ATP are used to phosphorylate and activate compounds that become converted to pyruvate. Energy is use to break a glucose molecule (4-2=2 net gain)
Where does Glycolysis occur in the cell?
Cytoplas
Where does Kreb's cycle occur in the cell?
Mitochondrial matrix
(completes glucose oxidation)
end product of Kreb's cycle yields for 1 glycose molecule?
2 ATP
6 NADH(18 ATP)
2 FADH (4 APT)
When Acetyl CoA is produce it produces NADH, how many?
2 NADH (6 ATP)
ATP is made of ?
is a Nucleotde made of:
nitrogen-containing base
5-carbon sugar
phosphate group
ATP
adenine
ribose
three phosphate groups
how much does NADH produce in cytoplams and in mitochondria?
cytoplams: 2 ATP
mito: 3 ATP
energy in one glucose molecule is used to produce?
38 ATP in total
when NADH2 and FADH2high are is oxidized the high energy e are transferred to what e carriers?
ubiquinone (Q) and cytochrome c molecules