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11 Cards in this Set

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Class
ANTI-hypoglycemic(hromone)
Action (1-2)
1. a pancreatic hormone that stimulate the breakdown of glycogen in the liver to glucose
2.inhibits the converson of circulating glucose to glycogen
Action (3-5)
3. Indirectly raises blod glucose levels
4.Stimulates the release of catecholamines
5.Onset is within 5-20.peakin30
SIDE EFFECTS
CNS: dizziness; lightheadedness
Cardio: HTN;HypoT; Tachycardia
GI: Nausea; Vomiting
Other: alergic reaction-urticaria
CONTRAindications
Absolute: hypersensitivity to proteins
Relative: Alcoholics or malnourished PT's
PRECAUTIONS
DONT MIX WITH SALINE
Use wih caution in pt's with cardio or renal disease
BS levels should be taken prior
Drug Interactions
A precipitate will form if glucagon is mixed wiht chloride solutions
Hyperglycemic effect can be ^ and prolonged if used with EPI.
PREPARATIONS
1mg of white powder in vial #2 & 1ml of fluid diluent in cial #1
note: reconstitue only with diluent provided
Adult dose
Hypoglycemis: 1mg; may repeat q20min. for a total of 3 doses
B blocker: 1mgmay rpt. q20min prn
PEDIATRIC DOSE
Hypoglycemis: 0.03mg/kg
B Blocker: 0.25mg'kg to a max of 1 unit
note:rarely used in the Out of hosp. setting
ROUTE
I.M.