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91 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which empire developed cunefiorm?
Sumeria
What is cuneiform?
system of writing
which empire developed the 22 letter alphabet?
Phoenician
which empire developed hieroglyphics?
Egypt
developed coined money?
lydians
Which empire was the first to use iron
hittites
Which people were enslaved in Egypt?
isreallites
Where is the fertile crescent?
iraq syria jordan lebanon isreal
Which empire did king nebuchadnessar rule over?
chaldean
Where is Canaan?
Isreal
what is the scattering of jews called?
diaspora
What is the holy month of islam called?
ramandan
Muhammed funded which religion?
Islam
Who said that humans hasd to choose between forces of good and evil?
Zoraster
Why did Egyptians build pyramids?
As places for the pharoahs
A caliph is a religous leader of?
Islam
wHY do historians say "History begins at Sumer "
Earliest know civilization
Who developed the harsh code of laws for babylon?
Hammurabi
Who is King Nebachnessar?
he extended the boundaries of the chaldean empire. He built the hanging gardens of babylon and walled the city of babylon.
Who is Cyrus II?
Expoanded the persian empire and conquered the chaldean empire; took over most of the middle east, egypt, asia minor and extended its boundaries to the indus river
Who is Darius I?
divided the persian empire into provinces + assigned satraps rule. Inspectors become the eyes and ears of the king- under darius conquered peoples were allowed to retain own language, religon and customs
Who is Zoraster?
called for reform in the persian religion. The world was divided by a struggle between good and evil humans were caught up in this struggle ; they had to choose between good and evil
Christianity orgins
palestine, 1st century BC, founder Jesus of nazareth
Christianity Sacred texts
Christian Bible- Old adn New testaments
Christianity organizations
Roman and orthodox churches
christianity beliefs
monothesist; jesus was the maessiah or christ promised by God in the Prophecies of the old testament; freed sinners; offered an afterlife;heaven
Trinity- 1 god(father son and holy spirit) 10 commandments
christianity practices
2 principle rights(sacrements; baptism, initiated converts; and the eucharist, a sacred meal with prayers, chants and scripture readings(mass)
christianity divisions
latin church
Judaism orgins
Canaan(palestine) Holy City- Jerusalem
Abraham, Moses, Solomon, David, prophets, and judges
Judaism Sacred texts
Torah(Mishna + Talmud)
hebrew bible<--old testament
Judaism organizations
autonmous local synagouges led by rabbi
Judaism beliefs
judaism 1st religion to teach monotheism. God had special covenant with the ancient isrealites to bring God's message to humanity by their examples; seeks a just and peaceful worl order; prohibition of images. (Heaven and Hell)
Judaism Practices
strict discipline through daily prayer , family relationships, ethical behavior---> 10 commandments, ritual practices, dictory laws--> Kosher food, no pork etc.... public diservances
Judaism divisions
wide variations of individuals adherance to dictory and sabbath behavior
Islam founder
Muhammed
Islam holy book
koran
Islam main beliefs
monotheistic- allah
5 pillars of faith
purdah -seclusion of women; veiled
theocratic rule- theocracy
- no seperation of church and government
Jihad or holy war
equality for all before allah
heaven for true believers and those who act righteously
Islam holy city
Mcca
Islam area practiced
middle east, northern africa and western africa
Arameans location
modern day syria
- fertile cresent
Arameans acheivments
-trade- (egypt and mespotamia)
-aramic became the language of trade
Phoenicians location
modern day lebanon isreal and jordan
phoenicians acheivements
created22 letter alphabet which became the foundation for our modern alphabet
Lydians location
Asia minor
-modern day turkey
Lydians acheivements
rich gold deeposits
developed coin money system
Isrealites location
Isreal
Isrealites achivements
monotheism
Hittites achievements
iron weapons
assyrians accomplishments
ARMY!!
chadeans achievements
astronomy
persians achievements
assigned empire into provinces led by satraps
persian religon zorastisn,
good and evil
egyptians achievements
pyramids
hieroglyphics
irrigation
mummifications
sumerian achievements
cuneform
wgaon wheel
number system
babylon achievements
tower of babel 'hammurabis code
hanging gardens
monarchy
rule by one king
dynasty
a line of rulers from one family
theocracy
a government in which the ruler is both the religous and political leader
bureancracy
a group of government officials headed by an administrator
pharoah
egyptian king or ruler
empire
civilization which brings many territories under one ruler
monotheism
belief in one god
polytheism
blief in more than one god
hieroglyphics
egyptian picture writing
city-state
and independant state consisting of a city and the surrounding land villages
cuneiform
sumerian writing using wedge shaped markings
confederation
a loose union of independant states or cities
colonies
a settlement of people outside their homeland linked with the parent country by trade and direct gov't control
barter
exchange of goods and services for goods and services
covenant
agreement
exodus
departure or to leave an area
prophets
preachers who interuptted God's will
diaspora
a scattering or spreading out of jews
satrap
provincial governers in the persian empire- "the eyes and ears of king"
sheikh
tribal leader of the bedouins
revalation
a vision
shariah
code of laws based on islamic moral rules
5 pillars of faith
faith oath 1 god but allah and muhammed is his prophet

prayer 5 times a day facing mecca

alms giving

fasting during ramandan

pilgrimmage to mecca
mosque
a building that serves a place of worship
Imam
prayer leader
hajj
pilgrammage to mecca
caliph
"successor" to muhammed
jihad
holy war
madrassa
theological students
bazaars
marketplaces
calligraphy
ellagant handwriting
arabesques
geometric designs
chronicles
accounts of history
sulton
political leader of the ottomen empire
grand vizier
prime minister of the ottoman empire
janissaries
the sultans elite corps of soldiers
millets
communties in the ottoman empire