Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/50

Click to flip

50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The first people to make iron and use it in the production of tools and weapons.
Hittites
The greatest trading people of the ancient Middle East were the?
Phoenicians
The most important Phoenician contribution to our civilization was the?
Alphabet
The first people to believe in one God, monotheism, were the?
Hebrews
The Hebrew leader who forced Pharaoh Ramses II to free the Hebrews from slavery in Egypt was?
Moses
The chief crop of nearly all the peoples of ancient Amreica was?
Corn/Maize
As the chief god who brought water to their crops, the Olmecs worshipped the?
Jaguar
Olmec temples were made of hardened clay and resembled the?
Pyramids of the Egyptians
The Olmec civilization produced?
A counting and measuring system, an accurate calendar, and a system of writing.
Many of the tribes of North America developed apart fromeach other because?
The land was so huge.
When Chaterine the Great ruled Russia
The condidtions of the serfs worsened.
As a result of the edict of Potsdam
The French Huguenots were welcomed in Prussia.
To maintain his power, Fredrick Wiliam I of Prussia
Restricted the peasants' freedom.
Before Peter the Great ruled Russia
The country was more influenced by Asian customs than those of Western Europe.
Frederick William I and Catherine the Great were considered to be "enlightened desposts" because they
Were absolute rulers who used their authority t help their people.
One of the main parts of Chinese religion was ?, which involved honoring members of the family who had lived in the past.
Ancestor Worship
One of the achievements of the ancient Chinese was the invention of?
Calligraphy
a central idea of Confucius's teachings was ?, a belief that children must honor their parents and all older family members.
Filial Piety
The Chinese view of government in which dynasties received their power from the gods was called the?
Mandate of Heaven
One of the crops the ancient Chinese cultivated was?
Millet
It was common for most Chinese farm families to live in an ? living arrangement.
Extended family.
The period of fighting among the kingdoms of China and the growing weakness of the Chou dynasty was called the?
Years of the Warring States.
The earliest people of Japan are believed to have come from mainland?
Asia
The early Japanese people divided themselves into ?, which were groups of families that were related to each other.
Clans
The religion of early Japan was based on the worship of ?, or anything sacred or special in nature.
Kami
By 800 A.D., the Fujiwara held the real power in Japan and not the ?
Emperors
In Japan, government by supreme military governors or ? lasted until the nineteethe century.
Shoguns
Ociania was settled when people ? from island to island after the Ice Age.
Migrated
The explorations of ? added much to the European knowledge of the Pacific.
Cook
Australia was first settled by?
Aborigines
After the explorers, British ? came to settle and found towns in Austrailia.
Convicts
? was one of the last islands in Oceania to be settled because it is the furthes East.
Easter Island
Young men in acient Athens could learn philosophy from traveling teachers called?
sophists
The period in which Greek and eastern cultures came together after the death of Alexander is called the ? age.
Hellanistic
In the early days of the Roman Republic, all government offices were held by ?, who were members of old and wealthy Roman families.
Patricians
Highly trained ? sometimes fought to the death in Rome's huge amphitheaters.
Gladiators
The ?, an Asian tribe led by by Attila, pushed the Visigoths deeper into Roman territory.
Huns
a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water is called a?
Strait
The crusaders call Turkish Mulsims ?
Infidel
? is the practice of selling church offices.
Simony
The Vikings used ? to attack from the sea.
Longships
Hagia Sophia is one of the finest examples of ? architecture.
Byzantine
Pictues made of small pieces of colored stone, glass, and tile are called ?
Mosaics
The late Middle Ages saw the basis for power change from land to ?
Money
Justinian's goal was to bring together the eastern and western pars of the old ? Empire.
Roman
The tax on the earnings of all the people in a parish was called a ?
Tithe
Peasants in the Middle Ages usually were slaves, freemen, or ?
Serfs
? is a combined language of the Indians and Muslims.
Urdu
The Mongul Empire reached its Golden Age under ?
Akbar
Shah Jahan built the ? for his wife.
Taj Mahal