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59 Cards in this Set

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The Tiber River
Rome was located on it
Aeneas
Trojan Hero
Romulus and Remus
Rome was founded by these two men [Important Date 753 BC]
There is an important date involved

Weird wolf mom
Etruscans
Formed a monarchy
Republic
citizens can elect a leader
Senate
300 people, wealthy men
Curiae
individuals who discuss issues
Patrician
everyone else that isn’t wealthy
Patrician Revole
over through monarchy for a republic
Consuls
elected presidents [20 of them]
Latin League
alliance between Rome and tribes
Imperium
executive authority
Assembly of Tribes
tribes outside or near Rome
The Punic Wars
wars Carinage vs. Rome
Carthage
Northern Africa
Battle of Zama
2nd war, wiped out carthage
Hannibal
Carthages leader in 2nd war
Scipio
Roman Leaders
The Optimates
The best
The Populares
The people
The Social War
cause huge failure to reform social revolt
Sulla
seized power of Rome
The First Triumvirate
depends on military
The second Triumvirate
people compete for power
Marcus Licinius Carrus
spara and acuscsiause revolt
Cneius Pompey
Asia Minor and Spain
Julius Caesar
France good politician
Mark Anthony
- fell in love with clopatria, competition
Octavian
Hardcore military leader, he wins for power
Lepidus
not a big threat good military leader
Battle of Actium
Rome vs. Egypt, Rome wins
Autocracy
ruled by one person
Augstus
Octavian turns rome into a autocracy
Julio-Cladudian Dynasty
horrible dynasty
Tiberius
bad poltician but followed a gystus
Caligula
kinda mental, put horse in passion ion of government
Claudius
many bad visors but ok leader
Nero
very bad ruler, set rome on fire
The Favaians
Reconstuc rome kind good rulers, bulit things
Diocletian
restors order split rome into two
Constantine I
unities rome
Edict of Milan
edict allows people to follow Christianity, turning point.
Council of Nicaea
Starts a fit in the church
Anothony of Egypt
monastic lifestyle
Odoacer
herman barbarian, kills last western roman emperior
Byzantine Empire
eastern tome lives on unlike west
Arches
saved material, romans were the first to use it
Dome - round top for church or material building
Dome
round top for church or material building
Concrete
material to hold yp things, romans first to use this
Pantheon
famous building
Aqueducts
water was brought from high places to the towns of rome
Vergil
10 man poet
Ovid
latin poet, translates greek mythology into roman mythology
10 Reasons why the Rome Empire Declines
1. Romans use the barbarians as mercenariness, payed solders

2. German Tribes invading

3. Economic burden of large army(to much $ spent)

4. Civil Wars

5. Decrease in pop or plague

6. Less people, dependence on barbarians for labor

7. Over dependence on slave labor

8. Decline of Romen cities due to poor economy

9. Growth of tenant farming replacing small farming

10. Corruptions in government
Important Dates:

Rome Founded

The Punic Wars

The Fall of the Empire

Dates for Civil Wars

Edict of Milan
Important Dates:

753BC

264-146 BC

385-476 AD

31 AD

313 AD
Essay

Turning Points
Edict of Milan - Christianity freedom

Nero -Ruler
1. Wasted money on himself
2. Humilities and kills alot
of pop senators
3. Persecuted Christians
4. Created fire-suspect
Essay

Wars:Punic War
Punic Wars
[Impotent Dates] 264-146 BC
Three main wars
a. 1st war
-Carthaginans vs Roman
-Reson: Med sea & Sicily
- Prob: for rome, no navy
trying to fight a sea
war. They make navy
modeled after greece.
-Outcome: Rome wins gets
control of Med and Sicly

b. 2nd War
- Carth. Leader:Hanvibal
wants reveng on rome
-Place: Northen Itialy
- Han. Prob:Cant get ppl 2
turn on rome
-Roman Leader:Scipio
i. Battle of Zoma
+Outcome:Rome wins
gets control of
Spain

c. 3rd war
-Rome destroys Cathage city
- Outcome;rome controls med
Essay

Wars:Social War
1. Cause
- failer to reform
-Socii revolt
+want citizenship they get it in 85bc
-Sulla siezed power of rome in 83bc
Established:
1. Military dicta.
2. Restore power to
Patrision senate
3. Populares are
fired
Essay

Leaders:Optimates and Populares
Optimates:
Leader- Marius, war hero
Wanted - New Colonies
Cheaper Grain
Socii citizenship
Outcome - bad polition cant get anyone to agree with him

Populars:
Leader - Gaiusgracchi

Wanted - Everything above & land reds.

Outcome- caius and tiberius are set on charges bc of revolt, they were killed