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26 Cards in this Set

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Monotheism
People who believe in one God
The Hebrews were the 1st group of people to believe in one Supreme God
Polytheism
Belief in many gods
Abraham
The father of the Hebrew People. According to the Torah, Abraham was told by God to lead his people from Ur to Canaan (200 BC)
Babylonian Captivity
In 586, Judea falls to the Chaldeans led by Nebuchadnessar...those not killed are deported to Babylon
Exodus
Moses leads the exodus out of Egypt as a result of the so-called plaagues. After leading the exodus, Moses receives the 10 Commandments from God. (Jewish moral laws)
Passover
The celebration of the Exodus and the fact that the angel of death passed over the homes of the 1st born
5 Pillars of Islam
Faith - believe in only one god
Prayer 5 times a day facing Mecca
Alms - give money to the poor
Fasting- during the month of Ramaden
Hajj/Pilgrimage to Mecca
The most important Icon / symbol
The star of David - the universal symbol of Judaism. It is on the flag of Israel
Pontius Pilate
The Roman Governor of Judah who sentenced Jesus to death in 30 AD
Holy days
Jews - Saturday - Sabath
Rosh Hashana- New Year
Yom Kippur - Day of Atonement...the most holy
Passover - celebration of the Exodus
Chanukah - Feast of Lights - oil for 1 day
Similarities in the 3 religions
All 3 believe int the same God - the God of Abraham

All believe in heaven and hell and a judgement day

All have similar prophets

All began in the Middle East
Differences in the 3 great religions
The biggest is who/what they believe Jesus was.

Islam and Christians send missionaries to spread the faith..Jews don't

Jews were the only ones to receive a gift of land from God
Differences in the 3 great religions
The biggest is who/what they believe Jesus was.

Islam and Christians send missionaries to spread the faith..Jews don't

Jews were the only ones to receive a gift of land from God
Differences in the 3 great religions
The biggest is who/what they believe Jesus was.

Islam and Christians send missionaries to spread the faith..Jews don't

Jews were the only ones to receive a gift of land from God
3 Great Religions
Christianity - followers of Jesus
Judaism - Founded by Abraham
Islam -
Explain Chritianity.
The religion founded upon Jesus Christ, a Jew, who died on a cross in Jerusalem in 30 A.D. Rivalries cased the Church to break into Eastern and Western forms in 1054 and later in 1517, the Western, Roman Catholic, Church was split by the Reformation, from which the Protestant demonations formed.
Explain Hinduism.
The major religion of India, it is considered the oldest religion in the world. It has no single set of beliefs or all-powerful god, but rather is based on speculations about the nature of the universe and the human soul.
Explain Islam.
The religion founded in Arabia by Mohammed betweeen 610-632. Islam means " surrende to the will of Allah" the all-powerful God. Disagreements within Islam caused the division into two sects (Sunnnis and Shi'ahs)
Explain Juadaism.
The religion of the desendants of the tribes of Israel dating back over 5,000 years. They settled in Palestine and were held together by Moses, who gave them religious unity in the worship of Yahweh, the God who had chosen Israel to be his people.
What are the five major world religions?
Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism
What is a mosque?
A Muslim place of worship.
What is a partition?
The division of territory, usually to establish separate political units.
Define religion.
A system of belief, faith, and worship
Define a State.
A territory with internationally recognized boundries and an independent government.
Explain a subcontinent.
In general, a large land mass that is paret of a larger continent. As used in this module, refers to the Indian subcontinent in South Asia on which Pakistan, India, Bangleadesh, Nepal, and Bhutan are found.
Explain terrorism.
The use of fear and violend for political purposes.