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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A government that takes total, centralized, state control over every aspect of the public and private life
Great Purge
A campaign of terror directed at eliminating anyone who has threatened Hitler's power
Command Economy
A system in which the government makes all the economic decisions
Five-Year Plans
Economic plans that set impossibly high quotas, or goals, to increase the output of steel, coal, oil and electricity
Collective Farms
Large government-owned farms
Weimar Republic
Germany's democratic government that was set up in 1919
Coalition Government
Temporary alliance of several parties
Great Depression
The severe economic slump that followed the collapse of the US stock market in 1929
The militant political movement that emphasized loyalty to the state and obedience to its leader
Benito Mussolini
A newspaper editor and politician who became a totalitarian leader of Italy
Adolf Hitler
the totalitarian leader, and Chancellor of Germany
The fascist policies of the National Socialist German Workers' party, based on totalitarianism, a belief in racial superiority and state control of industry
Mein Kampf
"My Struggle"--a book written by Adolf Hitler during his imprisonment in which he set forth his beliefs and his goals for Germany
"Living space"-- the additional territory that according to Hitler, Germany needed because it was overcrowded
The making of concessions to an agressor in order to avoid war
Axis Powers
In Word War II the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan which had formed an alliance
Third Reich
The third German empire established by Hitler in the 1930's
Munich Conference
A meeting of representatives in which Britian and France agreed to allow Nazi Germany to annex part of Czechoslovakia in return for Hitler's pledge to respect Czechoslovakia's new borders.
Japanese Militarists
Extreme nationalists who wanted to solve the country's economic problems through foreign expansion
Kellogg-Briand Pact
The peace pact that almost every country in the world signed that pledged "to renounce war as an instrument of national policy"