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25 Cards in this Set

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Junkers
Strongly conservative members of Prussia's wealthy landowning class
Otto von Bismarck
The prime minister of Germany, who was a master of realpolitik
Realpolitik
"The politics of reality"--tough power politics with no room for idealism
Franco-Prussian War
The war between Prussia and France that Bismarck started to gain control of the rest of the southern German states
Militarism
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
Triple Alliance
A military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the years preceding World War I
Kaiser Wilhelm II
The ruler of Germany during World War I who began a tremendous shipbuilding program, and made Germany the enemy of France and Russia by letting it's treaty with Russia lapse
Triple Entente
A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I
Central Powers
The nations of Germany, and Austria-Hungary, along with the other nations that fought on their side
Allies
The nations of Great Britain, France, and Russia, along with the other nations that fought on their side
Western Front
The region of northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers fought
Schlieffen Plan
Germany's military plan at the outbreak of World War I, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia
Trench warfare
A form of warfare in which opposing armied fought each other from trenches dug in the battlefield
Eastern Front
The region along the German-Russian border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
The use of submarines to sink without warning any ship (including neutral ships, and unarmed passenger liners) found in an enemy's waters
Total war
A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort
Rationing
The limiting of the amounts of goods people can buy--often imposed by governments during war time, when goods are short in supply
Propaganda
information of material spread to advance a cause or to damage an opponent's cause
Armistice
An agreement to stop fighting
Woodrow Wilson
The president of the U.S. during WWI, who made a plan for peace called the Fourteen Points
Georges Clemenceau
The representative of France in the group called the Big Four that discussed decisions during WWI
Fourteen Points
A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after WWI
Self-determination
The freedom of a people to decide under what form of government they wish to live
Treaty of Versailles
The peace treaty signed by Germany and the Allied powers after WWI
League of Nations
An international association formed after WWI with the goal of keeping peace among nations