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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-king set and enforced law
-kings were the military leaders and high priests.
-most punishments were fines
-death not common for punishment
-city states governed themselves
Sumerians
-men were the heads of the house
-men could buy and sell there wives and children into slavery
-women could buy and sell property
-women owned own businesses.
Sumerians
RELIGION
-polytheistic(man gods)
-each city state own god
INVENTIONS
-wagon wheel,arches,potter wheel,sundial,umbrella
Sumerians
-Take control in 2300 b.c.
-led by Hammurabi
-polytheistic
TECH
-irrigation,counting/writing
system
-skilled engineers
Babylonians
greatest achievement-he made justice appear in the land
-created a strict law system(eye for an eye)
-laws were written down so everyone knew the law
-punishments were strict
-death led to fall of Babylonians
Hammurabi king of the Babylonians
-from 3,000 b.c.- 30 b.c.
-located along part of Nile in north-east Africa
-divided into old,middle and new kingdoms
-lived in mud brick homes
-used hieroglyphs
-agricultural society
-bureaucratic government
ACOMPLISHEMNTS
-built pyramids,math-decimals,medicine,
used scientific method
Egyptians
-Built many monuments
-pharaoh during Jews escape
-built many monuments
-created treaty with surrounding civilizations
Ramses II of Egypt
-conquered the the Sumerian's
-spoke language similar to Hebrew
Akkadians
-launched military campaign for control of fertile crescent
-led empire till death
-empire collapsed when empire his grandson died
Sargon I of the akadians
-highly developed city states
-kings were elected
-welfare system for pore
-if king did bad job he could be removed
Kingdom of Ebla
-fearsome fighters
-iron weapons
-chariots that hold 2 soldiers
-overwhelmed other armies
-borrowed culture from rest of mespotamia
The Hittites
-army was the most lethal in the middle east
-used cuneiform
-treated conquered people badly
-central government
-kingdom fell apart in 612 b.c because of revolt of conquered people
Assyrians
-empire stretched to Syria
-city of Babylon became the most beautiful city ever
-Interested in astronomy
-empire ended in 539b.c.
-dominate the fertile crescent
Chaldeans
-extended Chaldean empire as west as Syria and Canaan
-conquered jerusilim
-he rebuilt Babylon and made Chaldean's wealthy
-created hanging gardens
-his death led to fall of empire later on
Nebachadnzer
-conquered the whole fertile crescent
-created royal road stretched 1,500 miles,rest stop every 14 miles
Persians
-assigned satraps
-allowed conquered people to keep religion,language and laws
-ideals of Zoroaster helped to strengthen monarchy
-waged war against Greeks over the control of Asia minor
-when his son took over he lost terribly to the Greeks and stopped expansion into Europe.
Darius I of the Persians
-a profit
-developed concept of good and evil
-said that if you chose good you would have eternal life
-if you chose bad you would be in eternal darkness after death
Zoroaster of the Persians
-lived in the area of Lebanon, Israel and Jordan
-Had colonies in europe one was carthage
-next to Mediterranean sea,they mostly traded over the sea
ACCOMPLISHMENTS
-alphabet to keep records
-money system and set price
Phoenicians
-they were monotheistic(one god)
-traced origins from Abraham a herder and trader who live in Mesopotamia
-they lived in Canaan
-king David set up capital in Jerusalem
-percerveared through persecution because they beleaved if they sticked to the religion they would be rewarded in the after life.
Israelites
city state
a city and the land surrounding it
cuniform
a writing system made by pressing ready into soft clay
dynasty
sequence of rulers from he same family
bureucracy
division of government by bureaus
theocracie
government were gods are the rulers
polytheism
beleafe in many gods
monotheism
beleafe in one god
empire
group of nations ruled by on leader
covenent
agreement
diaspora
Greek word meaning scattered
confederation
a loose union
barter
exchanging wares for other goods