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33 Cards in this Set

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Phillip II
King of Spain, had amonastery in his palace, and sent Armada against England.
Cervantes
wrote Don Quixote dela Mancha
Rembrandt and Vermeer
Dutch artists, painted middle class merchants. Shows the importance of the middle class
abosulte monarch
kings or queens that believed that all power within their state's boundaries rested in their hands,
divine right
the idea the God created the monarchy and that the monarch acted as God's representative on earth.
Edict of Nantes
598, Henry of France became Catholic, and Hugenots could set up their own houses of worship in some cities.
Carinal Richelieu
reigned in place of Louis XIII, forbade Huguenot cities to have walls.
skepticism
the idea that nothing can ever be known for certain, and intellectual movement.
Louis XIV
King of France, Sun King "I am the state," built the palace of Versailles
intendant
government agents in France, who collected taxes and administered justice
Jean Baptiste Colbert
FananceMinister of France under Louis XIV, believed in merchantilism
Versailles
lavish palace built by Louis XIV outside of Paris, to get away from the stink of the city in the summer
War of Spanish Succession
When Louis XIV put Philip, his newphew on the throne of Spain after Phillip II died childless. Many countries objected so war followed in 1701
Thirty Years War
1618-1648, conflict over religion,over territory, and for power among the ruling families.
Maria Theresa
daugher of Charles IV of Austria, a Hapsburg. She wasn't weak as her enemies thought. Helped peasants
Frederick the Great
Ruler of Prussia, stated War of Austrian Succession in 1740.
Junkers
Prussia's landowning nobility, had right to be officers in the military.
Suleiman
Ottoman ruler who conquered all the way to Vienna in 1529.
Seve Years Wars
1756-1763, fought in Europe, N. America, India and the Carribean. Britain and Prussia vs France and friends.
Boyars
Russia's landowning nobles
Ivan the Terrible
1533, first to us title Czar officially. began romanov dynasty. Started secret police to cursh opposition after wife died.
Peter the Great
sole ruler as of 1696-1725, reformer, first Czar to travel abroad, wanted a warm water port. Forced people to cut off beards.
westernization
Using western Europe as a model for change in the military and commercial terms: introduced potatoes, started first russian newspaper, women to attend social gathering.
St. Petersburg
New capital of Russia, started in 1703,on the Neva R. To access the Baltic Sea. Many people died building in the swamp.
James I
cousin of Elizabeth, made king upon her dying child. James Stuart was the king of Scotland.
Charles I
son of James I, kept needingmoney for wars with France and Spain. 1628 signed Petition of Right, which set forth the idea that law was higher than king. Beheaded by Parliament.
Petition of Right
King would - not imprision without due cause. not levy taxes withoug Parliaments consent. not house soldiers in private homes.
English Civil War
1642-1649 opponents of Charles called roundheads. wanted the king to honor the Petition of Right, and establish the rule of law.
Restoration
Charles II was asked to rule in 1660. Signed habeus corpus - could not imprision somone just for opposing the king.
habeas corpus
1679, gave every prisoner the right to obtain a writ, ordering that he would be brought before a judge. Prisoners could not be held indefinitely.
Glorious Revolution
Bloodless overthrow of James II in England in 1688 when Parliament invited William of Orange to rule, because he was married to the daugher of James II
constitutional monarchy
Where laws limited the ruler's power, and people's rights are guaranteed in writing.
cabinet
Group of Government ministgers, acted inthe ruler's name, but represented the majority party in Parliament.