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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Berginia
land bridge connecting America and Asia
Neolithic Revolution
began raising plants (maize)
permanent villages
governments
Chinampas
Floating Gardens
Olmec
1st civilization
"mother culture"
large head sculptures
Believed in Jaguar
Zapotec
built Monte Alban, first real urban center
ceremonial centers, ritual ball games, elite ruling class
Maya
Yucatan Peninsula
Tikal, Chichen Itza idependent city state
ball court
gods behavior through intricate calendars
perced and sacrificed bodies
calendar
Cenotes
holes in ground to underworld
Glyphs
hieroglyphic symbols
Codex
barkpaper book
Popol Vuh
Mayan creation story
Toltecs
warlike
capital- Teotihuanan
peace god, raft of snakes- Quetzalcoatl
Huitzilopoctli
instructed Aztecs to build city where an eagle is perched on a cactus with a snake in its mouth
made sun rise if given blood(hearts careved out)
Tenochtitlan
Aztec capital
island connected to mainland by 3 causeways
Chavin
"mother culture" to Andean civilizations
Nazxa
irrigation systems
Nazca lines
Inca
Valley of Cuzco
kings preserved
Bureaucracy
ppl worked together
labor work certain # of days
road/ bridge system
stone buildings
socialist
Pachacuti
expanded Inca Empire
Chasquis
runners
Quipu
knots on cords
Exploration
crusaders
Reniassance
desire for wealth
expand christianity
tech advances
Caravel
Astolabe
ships that sail into wind
reveal latitude
Prince Henry
Portugual
Navigation school
conquered north Africa
Bartolomeu Dias
Portugual
tip of Africa
Cape of Good Hope
Vasco da Gama
Portugual
reached India
Chirstopher Columbus
Spain
found America
Ferdinand Magellan
circumnavigate the globe
Hernando Cortes
couguered Aztec
Francisco Pizaro
conquered Inca
Encomienda
labor system
Las Casas
against encomienda system
Columbian Exchange
global transfer of things
corn and potatoes
Capitalism
economic system based on private ownership and investment of wealth for profit
Joint-stock compnay
People pooling their money together for a common purpose
Mercantilism
nations power depended on wealth
Favorable balance of trade
nation that exports more goods than imports
Peninsulares
born in spain
Creoles
born in America with Spanish blood
Mestizos
ppl of both Native and Spanish background
Mulattoe
spanish father and African slave