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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Absolutism
A government in which an individual has total power.
Example: King, Queen, Emperor, Czar
Anglican Church
The Church of England, a Protestant sect begun under Henry VIII
Anti-semitism
Hostility towards Jews
Archipelago
A large group of islands
Bantu
African tribal community whose language mixed with Arabic to produce Swahili
Black Death
Devastating plague that hit Western Europe in the 1300's, killing up to 1/2 of population
Bushido
Code of the Samurai
John Calvin
French scholar who became leader of the Protestant Reformation
Capitalism
Economic system characterized by private ownership of the means of production, competition and profit
Counter-Reformation
The Catholic church's attempt to reform their Church. Met at the Council of Trent
Daimyo
The warrior class (knights) who reported to the Shogun in Japan
Leonardo DaVinci
Renaissance man, artist, sculptor, inventor, engineer, scientist and writer. Painted the Mona Lisa
Excommunication
Forbidding an individual to participate in the sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church
Feudalism
Social and political system during the Middle Ages where serfs labored for local lords who held the land in exchange for protection
Ghana
One of the ancient African civilizations on the west coast of the continent; economy based on trade in gold, salt, and later, slaves
Guild
association of persons in the same craft or trade, usually found in the medieval period
Neolithic period
New stone age period characterized by settled agriculture
Mesopotamia
Fertile land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Cultural diffusion
Customs, ideas or material items from one culture or nation that become a part of another culture or nation
Greek civilization
Ancient civilizations comprised of city-states, including Athens and Sparta