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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
causes capillary thrombosis and mucosal infarction
Shigella
invasive bacteria
Shigella, EIEV, Yersinia, Salmonella
salad contaminated with raw chicken
risk for Campylobacter
milk, apple cidar, beef with fecal contamination
EHEC
Hemolytic uremic sydrome
EHEC and shigella
blood and large number of leukoctyes in stool in a febrile patient- suggestive of:
Shigella (diff. dx would be EIEC or Entamoeba)
Toxin producers (5)
Vibrio, E coli, Camp, Clostridium, Shigella
verotoxins
EHEC
bugs with incubation times over a few days
Giardia, Crypto, Cyclo, Salmonella typhi, adenovirus, Entamoeba
bugs with incubation times less than 1 day
Clostridium perfringens, Staph aureus, Bacillus cereus (if toxin ingested)
bloody diarrhea without fecal leukocytes
EHEC
begins gradually over 1-3 weeks getting worse
Entamoeba
complications of Entamoeba histolytica include:
toxic megacolon, fulminant colitis, perianal ulcerations, hepatic abscess
complications of clostridium difficile
toxic megacolon and GI perforation
normal gut flora of neonates
Clostridium difficile
pseudomembranous colitis
clostridium difficile
treatment for clostridium difficile
metranidazole or vancomycin
makes toxins A-H-- toxins A, B, and E associated with disease
clostridium botulinum
three forms of botulism
food borne, infant (honey), wound
5 heat stable enterotoxin
Staph aureus
treatment of Lysteria
PCN or ampicillin