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21 Cards in this Set

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G.I. bill of rights
provided a powerful support during the transition of veterans to peacetime economy; opportunity to attend college; 16$ billion in low-interest, government backed laons to buy homes and farms and start busineses
Taft-Hartley Act
federal law that severely restricts the activities and power of labor unions
McCarran Act
United States federal law that required the registration of Communist organizations with the Attorney General in the United States and established the Subversive Activities Control Board to investigate persons thought to be engaged in "un-American" activities
Youngstown Sheet and Tube v. Sawyer
was a United States Supreme Court decision that limited the power of the President of the United States to seize private property in the absence of either specifically enumerated authority under Article Two of the United States Constitution or statutory authority conferred on him by Congress.
American Federation of Labor
was one of the first federations of labor unions in the United States. It was founded in Columbus, Ohio in 1886 by Samuel Gompers as a reorganization of its predecessor, the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions;personified a conservative "pure and simple unionism" that contrasted with the more radical aims of unions;favored pursuit of workers' immediate demands
Congress of Industrial Organizations
a federation of unions that organized industrial workers in the United States and Canada in 1935-1955
Gideon v. Wainwright
a landmark case in United States Supreme Court history. In the case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required by the Sixth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution to provide lawyers for defendants in criminal cases unable to afford their own attorneys.
Office of Economic Opportunity
was the agency responsible for administering most of the War on Poverty programs created as part of United States President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society legislative agenda.

Programs such as VISTA, Job Corps, Community Action and Head Start (though that program was later transferred to the Department of Health Education and Welfare) were all administered; dismantled by Nixon
War on Poverty
a campaign of social and economic development in the United States during the 1960s, first introduced by Lyndon B. Johnson;led Congress to pass the Economic Opportunity Act;part of the Great Society
Medicare
a health insurance program administered by the United States government, covering people who are either age 65 and over, or who meet other special criteria. It was first passed on July 30, 1965 by President Lyndon B. Johnson as amendments to Social Security legislation
Immigration Act of 1965
abolished the national-origin quotas that had been in place in the United States since the Immigration Act of 1924. It was proposed by Emanuel Celler and heavily supported by Senator Ted Kennedy.
Students for a Democratic Society
was the organizational high point for student radicalism in the United States during the 1960s, and thus has been an important influence on student organizing in the decades since its collapse. Participatory democracy, direct action, radicalism, student power, shoestring budgets, and its organizational structure are all present in varying degrees in current national student activist groups.
Woodstock
held that weekend represented the culmination of the counterculture of the 1960s and the ultimate climax of the "hippie era";
Environmental Protection Agency
is an agency of the federal government of the United States charged with protecting human health and with safeguarding the natural environment: air, water, and land; by Nixon
revenue sharing
is the splitting of operating profits and losses between the general partner and limited partners in a limited partnership. More generally, the practice of sharing operating profits with a company's employees, or of sharing the revenues resulting between companies in an alliance;Under this policy, Congress gave an annual share of the federal tax revenue to the States and their cities, counties, and townships. Revenue sharing was extremely popular with state officials, but it lost federal support during the Reagan Administration. Revenue sharing was ended in 1987 to help narrow the National Government's deficit;
energy crises
an OPEC oil export embargo by many of the major Arab oil-producing states, in response to western support of Israel; during Ford's presidency
WIN-Whip Inflation Now
an attempt to spur a grassroots movement to combat inflation, by encouraging personal savings and disciplined spending habits in combination with public measures, urged by U.S. President Gerald Ford. People who supported the mandatory and voluntary measures were encouraged to wear buttons, perhaps in hope of evoking in peacetime the kind of solidarity and voluntarism symbolized by the V-campaign during World War II.
Kent State
involved the shooting of students by the Ohio National Guard on Monday, May 4, 1970. The altercation killed four students and wounded nine others; agiated by student demonstrators
Chicago Democratic Convention (1968)
decision was particularly difficult for the Democrats that year, due to the split in the party over the Vietnam War, and the assassination of popular candidate Robert F. Kennedy. On one side, Eugene McCarthy put forward a decidedly anti-war campaign, calling for the immediate withdrawal from the region. On the other side, Hubert H. Humphrey called for a policy more in line with President Lyndon Johnson's policy, which focused on making any reduction of force contingent on concessions extracted in the Paris Peace Talks; settled on Humphrey
CREEP
Committee to Re-elect the President;was a Nixon White House fund-raising organization headed by John N. Mitchell;
Reagonomics
has been used to describe, and decry, the economic policies of U.S. President Ronald Reagan during the 1980s. Reagan assumed office during a period of high inflation and unemployment, which had largely abated by the time he left office. It continues to be a matter of contentious political debate to what extent this was caused by Reagan's fiscal policies and to what extent it was due to external factors.