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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
activity theory
Theory Robert Havighurst proposed that encouraged older person to continue middle-age lifestyle; deny old age for as long as possible.
affective psychosis
psychological disorder that can include involutional melancholia and bipolar disorders.
comprehensive community psychogeriatric care systems
community based psychiatric care groups in which a multidisciplinary team assesses the individual & develops a holistic plan of care.
continuity theory of aging
theory that relates the factors of personality & the predisposition toward certain actions in old age to similar factors during other phases of life.
creativity
problem solving that is unique, innovative, original, and inventive.
depression
disorder that can range from mild, brief sadness to intense reaction to loss, severe psychotic depression, or a profound regression into pseudodementia.
developmental theory
another name for the continuity theory of aging.
disengagement theory
controversial theory that views aging as a process whereby society and the individual gradually withdraw, or disengage, from each other, to the mutual satisfaction and benefit of both.
effector
a muscle that acts as a part of a stimulus-response chain.
exchange theory of aging
theory that presumes people will try to maximize their rewards and minimize their losses
external orientation
refers to the outlook of people who believe that luck, chance, or fate determines what happens to them and that they are not in control of their own destiny.
field dependent
refers to people who are group oriented and want to go along as much as possible with what others in particular social situations are doing.
field independent
Refers to people who see no need to conform to societal expectations and may choose to go their own way instead
Havighurst scale
A scale used in gerontological research to categorize the life
satisfaction of elderly individuals.
interiority
Inner life or psychological existence.
internal orientation
Outlook of persons who tend to believe that they are in control of
themselves and their environment and that they determine their own life chances, successes, and failures.
irreversible dementia
Refers to dementia that has resulted from brain tissue loss or poor circulation and cannot be medically corrected.
labeling theory
Theory that proposes an individual derives a self-concept from
interaction with other people in one’s social surrounding.
late-life schizophrenia
refers to an onset of schizophrenia after age 50.
meditative intelligence
A detachment that allows people to view any problem-solving
process in a larger context.
mental disorder
A noticeable and dysfunctional behavior that occurs in an individual
and is associated with personal distress or impaired ability to
function in everyday social roles.
mental functioning
Term used to refer to a large group of complex processes that are
subdivided into learning, memory, creativity, intelligence, and
wisdom.
neuroses
Emotional disorders which may include anxiety neurosis, hysterical
neurosis, depressive neurosis, and hypochondriacal neurosis.
paranoid states
Psychotic disorders presenting a persecutory or grandiose delusion.
perception
The process of evaluating information gathered by the senses and
giving it meaning.
personality
Involves how a person appears to others, especially the style of
presenting attitudes, values, beliefs, habits, and preferences.
personality development
A lifelong process that involves components that are physiological,
genetic, psychological, or social in nature.
personality disorders
Lifelong defects in personality development.
psychomotor performance
A complex chain of activities that begins with a sensory mechanism
and ends with a reaction, usually one that is muscular in nature.
psychotic depressive reaction
A severe depression linked to a definable life experience.
reaction time
The period that elapses between the presentation of a stimulus and
the beginning of a response.
relative appreciation
The idea that an older person might define a condition or situation as
more positive than it might otherwise appear.
relative deprivation
An individual's sense that he or she is less fortunate than others.
response time
Timed reaction to visual stimuli, abstract shapes, and letters.
reversible dementias
Dementias resulting from physiological disturbances such as
medication interactions, alcoholism, heart disease, depression, or
diabetes.
self-esteem
Refers to the level of confidence and satisfaction one has with
oneself.
sensory functions
The level of function for the five sense.
senile dementia
Another name for Alzheimer's disease, a cerebral degenerative
disorder of unknown origin
social breakdown syndrome
A social deficiency syndrome that develops when the following four
components are present: 1) the individual is susceptible to
psychological breakdown because of identity problem; 2) others
label the individual as incompetent or deficient in some respect; 3)
the individual is induced into a role of sickness or dependence and
learns the behaviors associated with that role; 4) the individual
identifies himself or herself as sick or inadequate.
social reconstructive syndrome
A means of combating social breakdown syndrome in which three
inputs that can help older adults maintain their self-confidence and
independence over time are identified.
symbolic interaction theory
Theory developed by George Mead, Charles Cooley, and William
Thomas that proposes the ability of humans to acquire and use
language makes them distinctly different from other forms of life.
wisdom
Excellent judgment and advice about uncertain and important
matters of life.