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116 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define edelfäule.
German word for botrytis.
Define Oechsle.
German method/scale of measuring the sugar content of the must prior to fermentation. Used to determine the quality level of the wine, depending of variety and region.
Define Anreicherung.
German word for enrichment. A broader term for sweetening must before or during fermentation. Whereas chaptalization means the addition of sugar only, enrichment also includes the addition of grape must, concentrated grape must, and RCGM.
Define Süssreserve.
Unfermented grape juice that's set aside to be added later to fully fermented wines in order to achieve the desired level of sweetness. The Germans developed this technique so that winemakers don't have to be so exacting about arresting fermentation in order to control residual sugar.
Define Amtliche Prüfungsnummer (AP #).
“Official testing number”. A serial number of sorts attached to every bottle of German wine from QbA up. Used as fraud prevention and quality control.
Define Weingut.
Wine estate or winery.
Define Weinkellerei.
Literally "wine cellar." Use of this term on a label usually means that the producer buys their grapes, must, or wine and may not have their own vineyards.
Define Weingut-Weinkellerei.
Use of Weingut-Weinkellerei on a label indicates the producer owns his vineyards but also buys grapes from others.
Define Winzergenossenschaft.
Literally "wine grower association," although it's more generally known as a "cooperative cellar."
Define Erzeugerabfüllung.
Literally "producer bottled" and having a meaning somewhat similar to "estate bottled". The major difference is that German cooperatives (Winzergenossenschaft), which blend wines from various members, can use the term.
Define Gutsabfüllung.
Literally "estate bottled". It has a much more restrictive meaning than the term Erzeugerabfüllung.
Define Grosslage(n).
Literally "large vineyard," referring to a collection of individual vineyards (einzellagen) with similar environmental attributes that produce wines of comparable character and quality.
Define Einzellage.
As defined by the German wine laws of 1971, an Einzellage is an individual vineyard site with a minimum size of 5 hectares (about 121/2 acres). This law caused the absorption of many tiny vineyards into larger ones, reducing the total number of vineyards from approximately 25,000 to about 2,600.
Define Bereich.
Literally, "region." Under the German wine laws established in 1971, a Bereich is a district or subregion within an Anbaugebiet (quality-wine growing region). There are forty-three Bereiche throughout the thirteen Anbaugebiete.
Define Anbaugebiete.
A German term referring to a growing region for quality wine, either QbA or QmP. There are now 13 of these regions, and their regional name is required on labels of quality wines. Eleven were initially established in 1971 by German law in an effort to meet European Common Market rules. Each Anbaugebiet may be further divided into Bereich, Grosslagen, and Einzellagen.
Name the Anbaugebiete.
Hessische Bergstrasse
List the best villages of the Rheingau.
List the best villages of the Rheinhessen.
List the best villages of the Pfalz.
List the best villages of the Mosel-Saar-Ruwer.

Maximin Grunhause
Wiltingen Ockfen
What is the best German wine name, ever?
1976 Winzergenossenschaft Königschaffhausen Königschaffhauser Steingrüble Spätburgunder Weissherbst Trockenbeerenauslese
What is Flurbereinigung?
The ongoing process of reconstructing vineyards, supported by local and federal governments, to improve the competitiveness of the German wine industry. The aim is to enhance vineyard layout and lower the costs of wine production.
What did The Wine Law of 1930 do? (Germany)
Forbid blending of red and white and of foreign and domestic wines, and forbid planting of hybrids and the sale of wines made from hybrids.
What is the general climate of Germany?
Continental. Cold winters, moderately warm summers. Generally considered to be marginal for grape growing. Rain falls throughout the year. July and August are the wettest months. Autumns are normally long and warm. High yields are possible. Slow ripening shapes the general style. Humidity in autumn can assist the onset of botrytis (Edelfäule).
What is Anreicherung and when is it allowed in German wines?
Chaptalization (Anreicherung) is allowed up to and including QbA wines. Not allowed for QmP wines.
Is de-acidification used in Germany?
• De-acidification is common. Excessive acidity is dealt with in two ways:
o De-acidification with calcium carbonate or a proprietary product such as Acidex.
o Süssreserve. Nothing more than unfermented grape juice. Not common at top estates.
What is Oechsle?
A measurement of the density of the grape must in relation to water, indicating the amount of sugar in the must. As a rule of thumb, divide the Oechsle figure by 8 to obtain the approximate potential alcohol.
Do Prädikat Grades of sweetness change from region to region?
Yes. In cooler areas (e.g. the Mosel), Riesling qualifies for ripeness levels at a lower Oechsle reading than in a warm region (e.g. the Pfalz).
What is Maischegärung?
German term for maceration.
What is Riesling Hochgewächs?
A top-quality QbA wine made from 100% Riesling with a must weight of at least 10º Oe higher than the minimum for Riesling QbA in that region.
Why were the wine laws of 1971 created? What did they accomplish?
Were established to account for EC wine regulations. Reduction of 30,000 Einzellagen to 2,600. Formation of Grosslagen (collection of Einzellagen). Original greatness of a specific vineyard site was effectively diluted after 1971. For the first time, Germany was governed by a socialist/liberal coalition, and there was a widely held belief in the concepts of egalitarianism (consequently, competition and elitism were frowned upon).
What did the 1994 Wine Law do?
Failed to rectify much. Some positive changes. Maximum yield is now calculated on actual area in production, not on area owned. Increased minimum must weights for various Prädikats in some regions. Greater enforcement of compulsory distillation.
What is the German classification system based on?
• The classification of German wines is based on ripeness at harvest. Measurements are expressed in degrees Oechsle. The riper the grapes, the higher the Oechsle reading. Two classifications: Table Wines and Quality Wines.
What are German "Table Wines"?
Represents 10% of annual German production. Wines from either can only be Trocken or Halbtrocken. Two categories:
• Deutscher Tafelwein: Lowest classification. Must come from Germany. Must come from one of the five Tafelweingebiete. Minimum must weights apply. There are five main Weinbaugebiete (regions) used for Deutscher Tafelwein, covering the Anbaugebiete. All Qualitätswein must bear one of these names on the label.
o Rhein-Mosel: Ahr, Hessische Bergstrasse, Mittelrhein, Mosel-Saar-Ruwer, Nahe, Rheingau, Rheinhessen, Pfalz.
o Bayern: Franken
o Neckar: Württemberg
o Oberrhein: Baden (part of Baden)
o Albrechtsburg: Saale-Unstrut, Sachsen
• Landwein: A higher grade Tafelwein. Equivalent to French Vin de Pays. Must come from one of the 17 designated Landweingebiete.
What are German "Quality Wines?"
Broken into two categories:

• Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete (QbA)

• Qualitätswein mit Prädikat (QmP)
Define Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete (QbA)
Produced from specified grape varieties from one of the 13 designated wine regions (Anbaugebiete). Minimum must weights apply; vary from region to region and variety to variety. Chaptalization is permitted. Name of the Anbaugebiet must be on the label. The name of the Bereich, Grosslage, or Einzellage may be shown.
Define Qualitätswein mit Prädikat (QmP)
“Quality wine affirmed (predicated) by ripeness”. Finest category. Wines must come from a specific Anbaugebiet and be sourced from a single Bereich. There are six Prädikat grades, all determined by minimum must weights per variety and per region. Chaptalization is not permitted. The first three may be vinified Trocken or Halbtrocken, so does not necessarily mean sweeter, although Auslese usually is.
List the Prädikat Grades and their required Oe.
• Kabinett: 67º-85º Oe.
• Spätlese: 76º-95º Oe.
• Auslese: 83º-105º Oe.
• Beerenauslese (BA): 110º-128º Oe.
• Eiswein: Temperatures of -8º C are required (18ºF). Grapes are harvested frozen and pressed immediately. Frozen water crystals are left in the press. Grapes must be of at least Beerenauslese quality (since 1982).
• Trockenbeerenauslese (TBA): 150º-154º Oe.
What are "Classic" and "Selection" wines?
Terms from the German Wine Institute. As of 2000 these terms are applicable to dry quality wines produced from grape varieties that are “traditional in their respective regions”. All wines are subject to approval by a tasting panel. Additional criteria for each:

o Classic: Essentially a good quality QbA. Wines must originate from a specified region or district. Style must be harmoniously dry with a max 15 g/l of R.S. Must be a varietal wine. The region, grape variety, and term “Classic” must appear on the label.
o Selection: Higher quality than Classic. Wines must be hand-picked, from a single vineyard. Minimum potential alcohol of 12.2º. Max yield of 60 hl/ha. Mandatory hand harvesting. Style must be dry, with a max of 12 g/l of R.S.
What is Strausswirtshaft?
A German vine grower’s custom of serving wine from their homes with simple cold food.
What is a Romer?
A brown or green colored hollow stemmed wine glass used according to local tradition.
Most common method of production is Cuvee Close. Some Sekt is bottle fermented. Most of the grapes for the industrial strength Sekt are sourced from outside Germany, which until 1986 could be called Deutscher sekt, because Sekt was considered to be a method of production, so if production took place in Germany, it must logically be Deutscher Sekt, but no longer.
German red wines.
The most commonly found are from Dornfelder, Lemberger, or Spätburgunder. Usually sold as Deutscher Tafelwein.
What is the VDP?
The Verband Deutsches Prädikatsweinguter. The Association of German Prädikat Wine, or VDP, was founded in 1910 as a prestigious growers’ association with members in every wine region of Germany that insists upon far higher viticultural standards than the wine law requires. In the 1990s, the organization entered controversial areas, pressing for vineyard classification (contrary to the official Wine Law of 1971’s premise that all vineyards were equal). More than ¼ of its members resigned, not prepared to meet the ever more stringent criteria. 90 new members were admitted, however, many of then from a younger generation, who highly promoted the ideals of the VDP.

The terms ‘Bereich’ and Grosslage’ are banned from VDP members’ labels. Because the wines are bottled as QbA, there are no restrictions on chaptalization or the use of Süssreserve.
What was the VDP Accord of 2002?
The VDP Accord of 2002 was a breakthrough, where Prädikat Wine Estates throughout Germany agreed on uniform production criteria for Great Growths. Originally, grapes had to be of Spätlese ripeness and the wine vinified dry to be a ‘great wine’. Because of the ‘vinified dry’ stipulation, the approach effectively deemed a huge proportion of the finest wines from the Mosel-Saar-Ruwer unworthy of inclusion in this new system. The VDP saw the error of its ways and created a new regional classification for the VDP growers in other regions.
What are the three categories for VDP wines?
1. Grosses Gewächs: ‘Great growth’ wine. “Always super-premium, dry wines produced according to stringent, high standards from grapes grown in top sites (Erste Lage), handcrafted by Germany’s finest wine-growers and outfitted with a distinctive package.”

1. Erstes Gewächs: 1st growth Rheingau-only category.
2. Klassifizierte Langenwein: Wines from a classified site. Bears the VDP capsule and a single-site vineyard appellation. Guaranteed to be remarkable, terroir-driven wines. The list of sites that qualify for these wines has been fine-tuned over many years.
3. Gutsweine: ‘Guts-’ = ‘Estate’. House wines that are simply labeled with a proprietary name and/or broad appellation of origin such as the name of a village or region. The estate’s name supposedly guarantees the wine’s quality.
3. Ortswein: ‘Orts-’ = ‘Village’. House wines that are labeled with a broad appellation of origin such as the name of a village or region.
What is Liebfraumilch?
Originally produced from the vineyard of Liebfrauenstift in Worms. Now must come from one of the four Rhein regions exclusively (Rheinhessen, Pfalz, Nahe, or Rheingau). QbA quality. Must be medium sweet: 18 to 40 g/l R.S. Must contain a minimum 70% Riesling, Kerner, Silvaner, or Müller-Thurgau.
What are Moseltaler,
Nahesteiner, and Rheinhess wines?
"Regional wines" from the Mosel-Saar-Ruwer, Nahe, and Rheinhessen, respectively.
What is an Anbaugebiet?
A region, e.g. the Mosel-Saar-Ruwer.
What is a Bereich?
A district within an Anbaugebiet spanning many parishes and vineyards which all produce wine with similar characteristics, e.g. Bereich Bernkastel and Bereich Nierstein.
What is a Gemeind?
A village in Germany surrounded by Einzellagen or vineyards, e.g. Bernkastel.
What is a Grosslage?
The name for a collection of vineyard sites, e.g. Bernkastler Badstube.
What is an Einzellage?
An individual vineyard site, e.g. Bernkastler Doctor.
What country has the highest yields in Europe?
Germany. Average yield in 1997-1998 was 82 hl/ha.
When can picking commence in Germany?
Only after the official start date has been announced.
What is the Amtliche Prüfungsnummer (AP #)?
“Official testing number”. A serial number of sorts attached to every bottle of German wine from QbA up. Used as fraud prevention and quality control. The number is broken into 5 sets: 2 607 030 07 96. The first set identifies the examining panel (2); the second black identifies where the wine was bottled (607); the third is the official number of the bottler (030); the fourth set is the bottle's application number(07); the fifth is the year in which the wine was tested (96).
Discuss Süssreserve.
Nothing more than unfermented grape juice. Not common at top estates. Fermentation to desired degree, add SO2, then use sterile filtration. The problem with Süssreserve is balance of the grape sugars. The sugar in a ripe grape is composed of roughly the same amount of glucose and fructose. The glucose ferments before the fructose, so when you arrest fermentation, the R.S. comes from fructose. Fructose tastes fruitier and is more refreshing than glucose. If you ferment the wine to dryness, and then add Süssreserve, then you do not gain that extra dimension (you’ve added equal amounts of glucose and fructose). Even worse, the law allows for 25% of a Bereich-designated wine to consist of wine or Süssreserve produced outside the same village, and may even be from a different varietal.
Discuss the Ahr.
Anbaugebiete. One of the most northerly vineyards in Europe. Very small, red wine producing region – only 525 ha under vine. Spätburgunder accounts for 57% of plantings. Portugieser 14% and Riesling 8%. Most of the growers own less than ½ ha plots. Most of the wine is vinified and sold by co-ops. Rarely exported.
Discuss the Mittelrhein.
Anbaugebiete. A small and often overlooked area. Vineyard area has been steadily shrinking since the 1960’s. Approximately 550 ha under vine. Mostly crisp whites made from Riesling. Some can be very good and very age-worthy. Source of grapes for many Sekt houses.
Discuss the Mosel-Saar-Ruwer.
Anbaugebiete. 11,250 ha under vine. Main river is the Mosel. The Saar and Ruwer are significant tributaries. Moderate rainfall and rapid warming of the steeper slopes. Slate has been used as a building material in the region for hundreds of years. The presence of slate in vineyards is key to the success of the best sites (as it traps heat).
Discuss the Mosel, as separate from the Saar and the Ruwer.
The best vineyards are on the south-facing slopes. The Mosel has, side-by-side, the best and worst aspects of German wine. The best wines are made from Riesling grown on the mineral-rich slate soils. The worst wines are made from other varieties which still represent 40% of the valley’s output. Müller-Thurgau is grown on the sandy soils of the valley floor. Some Elbling grown in the upper Mosel. Best villages: Scharzhofberg Piesport, Brauneberg, Bernkastel, Graach, Wehlen, Zeltingen, Erden.
Bernkasteler Doctor Vineyard: Considered by many to be the greatest vineyard in the Mosel. Restorative powers of the wine from this vineyard were proclaimed by the archbishop of Trier in the 14th century. Some legal battles over the area of the vineyard. 8 acres of steep south-facing vineyards above the town of Bernkastel.
Discuss the Saar, as separate from the Mosel and the Ruwer.
Cold area. Getting grapes ripe is a constant battle. In great years the best vineyards produce astonishingly good wines. Key villages and their vineyards:

Wiltingen: Sharzhofberg and Braune Kupp.

Ockfen: Bockstein.

Ayl: Kupp.

Kanzem: Altenberg.
Discuss the Ruwer, as separate from the Mosel and the Saar.
Little more than a stream. Very small area under vine. Total adds up to about half of one Cote d’Or commune. The village of Mertesdorf has the famous vineyard of Aptsberg. The village of Eitelsbach has Karthauserhofberg. Famous vineyard: Bockstein.
Discuss the Nahe.
Anbaugebiete. Flows north into the Rhein at Bingen. Variety of soils. Sandy loam in the north- Müller-Thurgau and Silvaner. Best vineyards are upstream. Good Riesling grown on sandstone and quartz soils in the south.
Discuss the Rheingau.
Anbaugebiete. The Rhein flows west so the north bank is south facing. Provides ideal conditions for ripening. Riesling represents 80% of plantings. Predominantly slate soils. History of dry wine production. Battles with the Mosel for the best Riesling in Germany. Famous villages: Rudesheim, Winkel, Oestrich, Erbach, and Eltville. Famous vineyards: Marcobrunn.
Discuss the Rheinhessen.
Anbaugebiete. Largest area in Germany. Fairly sandy soils giving soft, easy drinking wines. Müller-Thurgau and Silvaner are extensively planted. Some dry Silvaners can be good. Most of the bland stuff ends up as Liebfraumilch. Riesling only represents about 10% of vineyard plantings but is grown in the finest vineyards in the villages of Nierstein and Oppenheim. Traditionally known for high quality wines, but expansion of the area into flatter, higher-yielding areas has changed that perception. Famous vineyards: Olberg.
Discuss the Pfalz
Anbaugebiete. Traditionally known as the Palatinate or Rheinpfalz. Area known for quantity but some very high quality wines are produced. Soils are mainly sandstone with some limestone. Some protection from the Haardt Mountains, the German extension of the Vosges Mountains. Some of Germany’s best red wines. Whites tend to be rounder and more full-flavored. Best wines come from the villages of Wachenheim, Forst, Deidesheim, and Ruppertsberg.
Discuss the Hessische Bergstrasse
Anbaugebiete. This is the smallest region, with only 456ha under vine. Mostly Riesling, mostly consumed locally.
Discuss the Franken.
Anbaugebiete. Whites from Müller-Thurgau and Silvaner grown in the valley of the Main River. Traditionally dry wines bottled in “bocksbeutel”.
Discuss the Württemberg.
Anbaugebiete. Light reds made from Trollinger and Müllerrebe. Whites from Riesling and Müller-Thurgau.
Discuss the Baden.
Anbaugebiete. Diverse region. Most of the wine is vinified in cooperatives. Excellent reds and whites from the Kaiserstuhl-Tunigberg region.
Discuss the Saale-Unstrut.
Anbaugebiete. Mostly Müller-Thurgau grown on mostly sandstone and limestone soils. Mostly dry.
Discuss the Sachsen.
Anbaugebiete. On the banks of the Elbe river. Vines cultivated here since 1161. Mostly Müller-Thurgau. Steeper slopes has some Riesling. Mostly dry.
Discuss the Association of Charta Estates.
Launched in 1983. 30 Rheingau producers making dry to off-dry Rieslings according to much stricter rules: higher must weights, etc. Goal is to produce more concentrated, balanced wines to go with food. Max yield 50 hl/ha. 100% estate-grown Riesling. Subjected to 3 blind tastings. Required 18 months bottle aging before release. New classified vineyard (Einzellage) wines as Erstes Gewächs (‘First Growths’), from the original Einzellage boundaries. By the late 1990s, the Charta and VDP joined forces, because there was no point in duplicating their efforts.
Deutscher Sekt
Must be made from 100% German grapes. Best are usually Riesling and do not allow autolysis to interfere with the varietal character of the wine.
Deutscher Qualitätsschaumwein Bestimmter Anbaugebiete or Deutscher Qualitätschaumwein BA
This Deutscher Sekt must be made entirely from grapes grown within one specified wine region and may come from a smaller geographical unit, such as a Bereich, Grosslage, or Einzellage, providing 85% of the grapes come from the indicated area. Alternative appellation is Deutscher Sekt bestimmter Anbaugebiete.
Bereiche of the Mosel
Burg Cochem (formerly Zell)
Bereiche of the Rheingau
Bereiche of the Pfalz
Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstrasse
Südliche Weinstrasse
Bereiche of the Nahe
Bereiche of the Mittelrhein
Loreley (formed from the two former Bereiche, Bacharach and Rheinburgengau)
Einzellagen of Bereich Saar (w/ Gemeind)
(Grosslage is Scharzberg for all)
Ayler Kupper
Kanzemer Altenberg
Ockfener Bockstein
Saarburger Rausch
Scharzhofberger Scharzhofberger
Serriger Scholl Saarsteiner
Wiltingener Braune Kupp
Wiltingener Braunfels
Wiltingener Hölle
Wiltingener Kupp
Einzellagen of Bereich Bernkastel (w/ Gemeinden) pt. 1
Bernkasteler AlteBadstube am Doktorberg
Bernkasteler Doktor
Bernkasteler Lay
Brauneberger Juffer
Brauneberger Juffer-Sonnenuhr
Brauneberger Mandelgraben
Enkircher Batterieberg
Erdener Prälat
Erdener Treppchen
Graacher Domprobst
Graacher Himmelreich
Leiserer Niderberg-Helden
Leiwener Laurentislay
Leiwener Klostergarten
Einzellagen of Bereich Ruwertal (w/ Gemeind)
(Grosslage is Römerlay for all)
Eitelsbacher Karthauserhofberg
Kaseler Hitzlay
Kaseler Nies' Chen
Mertesdorfer Lorenzhöfer
Mertesdorfer Maximin Grünhaus
Mertesdorfer Maximin Grünhäuser Abtsberg
Mertesdorfer Maximin Grünhäuser Bruderberg
Mertesdorfer Maximin Grünhäuser Herrenberg
Einzellagen of Bereich Bernkastel (w/ Gemeinden) pt. 2
Mulheimer Helenenkloster
Piesporter Domherr
Piesporter Goldtröpfchen 1
Piesporter Goldtröpfchen 2
Thornicher Ritsch
Trittenheimer Apotheke
Trittenheimer Felsenkopf
Urziger Goldwingert
Urziger Würzgarten
Wehlener Sonnenuhr
Wintricher Ohligsberg
Wolfer Goldgrube
Zeltingener Sonnenuhr
Einzellagen of Rheingau (Bereich Johannisberg) (w/ Gemeinden) pt. 1
Assmannshausener Hollenberg
Erbacher Marcobrunn
Erbacher Rheinhell
Hallgartener Schonhell
Hattenheimer Kloster Eberbach
Hochheimer Domdechaney
Hochheimer Hölle
Hochheimer Kirchenstück
Johannisberger Hölle
Johannisberger Schloss Johannisberg
Johannisberger Schlossberg
Einzellagen of Rheingau (Bereich Johannisberg) (w/ Gemeinden) pt. 2
Kiedricher Grafenberg
Kiedricher Wasseros
Oestricher Doosberg
Rauenthaler Baiken
Rüdesheimer Klosterlay
Rüdesheimer Magdalenenkreuz
Winkeler Jesuitengarten
Winkeler Hasensprung
Winkeler Schloss Vollrads
Einzellagen of the Nahe (Bereich Nahetal) (w/ Gemeinden) pt. 1
Bad Kreuznacher Kahlenberg
Bad Kreuznacher Kauzenberg
Dorsheimer Goldloch
Dorsheimer Pittermannchen
Langenlonsheimer Löhrer Berg
Monzingener Frühlingsplätzchen
Monzingener Hallenberg
Münster-Sarmsheim Piettersberg
Niederhausener Hermannshöhle
Oberhausener Brücke
Schlossböckelheimer Kupfergrube
Traisener Bastei
Traisener Rotenfels
Wallhausener Johannisberg
Einzellagen of the Mittelrhein (Bereich Loreley) w/ Gemeinden
Bacharacher Hahn
Bacharacher Kloster Fürstental
Bacharacher Posten
Bacharacher Wolfshöhler
Bopparder Hamm Feuerlay
Bopparder Hamm Mandelstein
Bopparder Hamm Ohlenberg
Engelhöller Bernstein
Oberweseler Römerkrug
Bereiche of the Rheinhessen
Einzellagen of the Mittelrhein (Bereiche Nierstein & Wonnegau, w/ Gemeinden)
Bereich Nierstein:

Niersteiner Hipping
Niersteiner Oelberg
Niersteiner Pettenthal
Nackenheimer Rothenberg

Bereich Wonnegau:

Westhofener Aulerde
Westhofener Kirchspiel
Westhofener Morstein
Einzellagen of the Pfalz (w/ Gemeinden)
Deidesheimer Nonnenstück
Forster Jesuitengarten
Forster Pechstein
Gimmeldinger Mandelgarten
Ruppertsberger Gaisböhl
Wachenheimer Goldbächel
Fermented or matured in new oak casks.
Badisch Rotgold
Specialty rosé wine produced in Baden from a blend of Rülander and Spätburgunder; must be at least QbA level.
Deutscher Weinsiegel
An official seal of quality awarded to wines that receive a higher score that the minimum required for an AP number. Deutscher Weinsiegels use a color-coding system: trocken wines bear a bright yellow seal; halbtrocken is light green; sweeter wines are red.
A bottle-fermented Sekt that is not necessarily made by the traditional method.
Flaschengärung Nach Dem Traditionellen Verfahren
A Sekt made by the traditional method, though unlikely to show much autolytic character
A large oval cask that holds 1000 liters (265 gallons); more prevalent in the Mosel than the Rhine.
"Half-dry", contains more than 18 g/l of residual sugar and 10 g/l acid.
Vintage year
Technically medium-sweet, although nearer to the French moelleux; may have up to 45 g/l of residual sugar.
Cheap, semi-sparkling wine made by carbonating a still wine; mostly white, but may be red or rosé.
"quality sparkling wine" can be produced by any member state of the EU, but the term should be qualified by the country of origin. Deutscher Qualitätsschaumwein will necessarily be from Germany
Grape variety
Residual sugar
A rosé wine that may be made from black grapes or a mix of black and white. This designation must be indicated on the label of any category of Tafelwein up to and including Landwein, and must also be featured on the label of QbA wine, although optional for QmP.
Red wine. This designation must be indicated on the label of any category of Tafelwein up to and including Landwein, and must also be featured on the label of QbA wine, although optional for QmP.
With no further qualification, such as Qualitätsschaumwein, this indicates the cheapest form of sparkling wine, probably a carbonated blend of wines from various EU countries.
A style of wine produced in Württemberg that is the same as Rotling.
A sweet wine in excess of 45 g/l of residual sugar.
"Dry", a trocken wine must not contain more than 4 g/l of residual sugar, although up to 9 g/l is permitted if the acidity is 2 g/l or more.
A single-variety rosé produced from black grapes only, the variety of which must be indicated
White wine. This designation must be indicated on the label of any category of Tafelwein up to and including Landwein. It may also be featured on the label of QbA and higher-quality wines, but is not mandatory.
2006 VDP summary
1. VDP ERSTE LAGE is the uniform umbrella term in all regions for all wines of the top category.

2. VDP ERSTE LAGE dry wines will be denoted as Grosses Gewächs (great growths), e.g. STEIN Grosses Gewächs.
As of vintage 2006, these wines will all be dry in style, i.e. have a maximum 9 g/l residual sugar .

3. VDP ERSTE LAGE wines with noticable sweetness will be denoted by the traditional Prädikats, from Spätlese and Auslese to Trockenbeerenauslese.
VDP breakdown (put simply)
VDP ERSTE LAGE dry wines are denoted as Grosses Gewächs (great growths) and

VDP ERSTE LAGE fruity wines with natural sweetness are denoted by the traditional Prädikats, from Spätlese and Auslese to Trockenbeerenauslese.

–or– simply:

Grosses Gewächs = VDP ERSTE LAGE dry wines /Prädikats = VDP ERSTE LAGE fruity (natural sweetness) and/or dessert wines.