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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
When vowels are doubled like Paar, Haar, and Schnee,
they are . . .
Long Vowels
When vowels are followed by h like sehen, Jahr, and Ohrring,
they are . . .
Long Vowels
When vowels are followed by a single consonant like gut, and rot,
they are . . .
Long Vowels
When vowels are followed by a double consonant like Bett, Mann, and hoffen,
they are . . .
Short Vowels
When vowels are followed by two or more consonants like sitzen and ernst,
they are . . .
Short Vowels
a long
is pronounced like
the a in father
Vater, haben, sagen
a short
is pronounced like
the o in hot
Wasser, Hand, alt
e long
is pronounced like
the a in may
See, geben
e short
is pronounced like
the e in let
Ende, Henne
i long
is pronounced like
the ee in greet
Tiger, Universität
i short
is pronounced like
the i in sit
ist, dick, Mitte, Mittag, Mittwoch
ie
is pronounced like
the ee in greet
Bier, hier, fliegen
o long
is pronounced like
the o in open
Sohne, Brot, Segelboot
o short
is pronounced like
the o in song
Sonne, Sommer
u long
is pronounced like
the u in dune
Blume, Pudel, Handschuh
u short
is pronounced like
the u in bush
Mutter, und, unter
ä long
is pronounced like
the ai in hair
Mädchen, Väter, Waschbär
ä short
is pronounced like
the e in let
Männer, Länder, Rotkäppechen
ö long
is pronounced like
the a in may
Söhn, schön
ö short
is pronounced like
the e in let
öffnen, östlich
ü long
is pronounced like
the ee in greet
kühl, grün, Bücherwurm
ü short
is pronounced like
the i in sit
Hütte, küssen
ä, ö, and ü are occasionally written as
ae, oe, ue
spaet and spät
Oel and Öl
Bueffel and Büffel
the dipthongs ei, ai, ey and ay
are pronounced like
the i in wine
Wein, Mai
au
is pronounced like
the ou in mouse
Maus, Haus, Augenblick
äu and eu
are pronounced like
the oy in joy
neu, Fräulein, Nachteule, Feuer
b is like the English B when beginning a word but is pronounced the English letter what when ending a word?
p
halb, Grab

but corresponds to
v or f
Silber
c before a, e, i is like the
ts in bats
Cäsar, Cicero
When ch follows e, i, umlauts, consonants and in a few words it precedes e or i, it is pronounced like
the h in hew
e.g. ich, mich, China
When ch follows a, o, u, and au, it is pronounced like
the ch in Loch
chs
is pronounced like
the x in six
sechs, Lachs
d when ending a word
is pronounced like
the English t
Hund, Gesundheit

but corresponds to th
Erde, Bruder
g when ending a word or syllable
is pronounced like
the English k
Tag
-ig as an ending
is pronounced like
y
König, hungrig, durstig
j is
is pronounced like
the y in young
jung, ja, Jahrhundert
pf
is pronounced like
pf
Apfel, Pfund, pfui, Pfeffer, Trumpf
s when it begins a syllable
is pronounced like
the z in zest
senden, Suppe, Sanduhr
ß
is pronounced like
the ss in mass
dass, Klasse
sp and st
are both pronounced like
the English sh in she
e.g. spanisch, Spinne, Staat, Stinktier
th
is pronounced like
the English t
Luther, Goethe, Beethoven, Theologie
v
is pronounced like
the English f
Volk, Vorwort, vier
w
is pronounced like
the English v
Wald, Wassermelone
z
is pronounced like
the ts in bats
e.g. Zoo, Zickzack, Zigarre
f, ff (medial or final)
usually corresponds to
p
Schiff
Hilfe
cht
usually corresponds to
ght
Macht, Licht
k
usually corresponds to
ch or ch
Kase = cheese
tz, z
usually corresponds to
t
Katz = cat
Salz = salt
t
usually corresponds to
d
Wort = word
Traum = dream