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8 Cards in this Set

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element
The building blocks of minerals
The eight most abundant elements found in Earth's continental crust
(oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium)
What are the properties of minerals
crystal form, luster, color, streak, hardness, cleavage, fracture, and specific gravity.
What are the special physical and chemical characteristics of minerals
(taste, smell, elasticity, malleability, feel, magnetism, double refraction, and chemical reaction to hydrochloric acid)
atom
the smallest particle of matter that still retains the characteristics of an element.
Mineral
a naturally occurring inorganic solid that possesses a definite chemical structure, which gives it a unique set of physical properties.
Rock
are aggregates composed of two or more minerals.
The most common mineral group
silicates.