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75 Cards in this Set

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What are the four most important physical properties that are used to identify minerals?
Luster, Hardness, Streak, Breakage
The way that minerals reflect light is called
luster
The ability of one mineral or substance to cut or scratch another mineral or substance is called
hardness
The color of crushed powder left by a mineral when it is crushed on a piece of unglazed porcelain is called
streak
The ability of a mineral to break along parallel flat faces that reflect light is called
breakage
Which mineral reacts with acid?
Calcite
What are the names of the two minerals that look flat?
Muscovite and Biotite
Which mineral has striations?
Plagioclase
What color is K-Feldspar?
Pink
What are two types of igneous rocks?
Extrusive, Intrusive
The texture that is described as when crystals cool slowly and are easily seen with the naked eye is
Phaneritic
The texture that means all the crystals are not the same size is called
porphyritic
If there are no crystals present in an igneous rock it is called
glassy
what are the larger crystals called in a porphyritic rock which look like chocolate chips?
phenocrysts
Is a Conglomerate clastic or nonclastic?
clastic
(Sedimentary Rocks) Is graywacke sandstone clastic or non clastic?
clastic
(Sedimentary rocks) is shale clastic or non clastic?
clastic
(sedimentary rocks) is oolitic limestone clastic or non clastic?
non clastic
(sedimentary rocks) is soft coal clastic or non clastic?
non clastic
(Metamorphic rocks) is gneiss foliated or non foliated?
foliated
(metamorphic rocks) is garnet schist foliated or non foliated?
foliated
(metamorphic rocks) is phyllite foliated or non foliated?
foliated
(metamorphic rocks) is gray slate foliated or non foliated?
foliated
(metamorphic rocks) is pink metaquartzite foliated or non foliated?
non foliated
(metamorphic rocks) is white marble foliated or non foliated?
non foliated
What are the two types of breakage in a mineral?
fracture and cleavage
oolitic is a special type of breakage meaning what?
has small, concentrated spheres, bb size or smaller.
pistolitic is a special type of breakage meaning what?
pea shaped or larger spheres
striations is a special type of breakage meaning what?
where the mineral looks like it was scrated with a safety pin. lines
effervesces means what?
reactivity with acid, bubbles.
Taste is a special property of minerals, based on
saltiness
magnetic is a special property of minerals meaning the mineral
will attract a magnet. (magnetite)
name the 6 qualities of kaolinite (don't worry about cleavage)
luster:non metallic, color:light, hardness:softer than fingernail, cleavage:n/a, streak:cream, special:no
name the 6 qualities of halite
luster:non metallic, color:light, hardness:softer than glass, cleavage:3 directional at 90, streak:white, special:salty
name the 6 qualities of gypsum (dont worry about cleavage)
luster:non metallic, color:light, hardness:softer than glass, cleavage:n/a, streak:white, special:striations
name the 6 columns of description for pyrite (don't worry about cleavage)
luster:metallic, color:dark, hardness:harder than glass, streak:gray, special:striations
name the 6 columns of description for galena (dont worry about cleavage or special)
luster:metallic, color:dark, hardness:softer than glass, streak:black
name the 6 columns of description for garnet (dont worry about cleavage)
luster:non metallic, color:dark, hardness:harder than glass, streak:white, special:striations
name the luster, color, hardness and streak of olivine
luster:non metallic, color:light green, hardness:harder than glass, streak:white
name the luster, color, hardness and streak of hornblende
luster:non metallic, color:dark, hardness:harder than glass, streak:gray
tell the luster, color, hardness, cleavage and streak of K feldspar
luster:non metallic, color:light pink, hardness:harder than glass, cleavage:2 directional at 90, streak:white
tell the luster, color, hardness and streak of muscovite
luster:non metallic, color:light, hardness:softer than nail, streak:white
tell the luster, color, hardness and streak of smoky quartz
luster:non metallic, color:light, hardness:harder than glass, streak:white
tell the luster, color, hardness, cleavage and streak of calcite
luster:non metallic, color:light, hardness:softer than glass, cleavage:3 directional not at 90, streak:white
-Rock Section-when crystals cool quickly and are not easily seen it is called
aphanitic
name the two types of glassy
vesicular (holes) and non vesicular (no holes)
what is the texture type of pumice?
glassy vesicular
what is the texture type of red granite?
phaneritic equigranular
what is the texture type of rhyolite?
aphanitic porpheritic
what is the texture type of rhyolite porphery?
aphanitic porphyeritic
what is the texture type of gabbro?
phaneritic equigranular
what is the texture type of basalt?
aphenitic
what are the four major components of sedimentary rocks?
calcite, quartz, clay and pre existing rock fragments
the type of rock that is formed from broken rock fragments cemented together, and is named based on texture with mineral comp. in front
clastic
type of sedimentary rock that is formed from biological or chemical processes, and is named based on mineral comp with texture in front
non clastic
what are the two metamorphic textures?
foliated and non foliated
what are the two metamorphic textures?
foliated and non foliated
what are the two metamorphic textures?
foliated and non foliated
what are the two metamorphic textures?
foliated and non foliated
what are the two metamorphic textures?
foliated and non foliated
name the 4 types of foliated
gneiss, schistose, phyllitic, slaty
name the 4 types of foliated
gneiss, schistose, phyllitic, slaty
name the 4 types of foliated
gneiss, schistose, phyllitic, slaty
foliated are named by
texture with accessory minerals in front
name the 4 types of foliated
gneiss, schistose, phyllitic, slaty
name the 4 types of foliated
gneiss, schistose, phyllitic, slaty
foliated are named by
texture with accessory minerals in front
foliated are named by
texture with accessory minerals in front
non foliated are named by
mineral comp with texture in the front
non foliated are named by
mineral comp with texture in the front
foliated are named by
texture with accessory minerals in front
non foliated are named by
mineral comp with texture in the front
foliated are named by
texture with accessory minerals in front
non foliated are named by
mineral comp with texture in the front
non foliated are named by
mineral comp with texture in the front